#OTD in 1641 – Sir Phelim O’Neill of Kinard, the leader of the Irish Rebellion, issues his Proclamation of Dungannon justifying the uprising and declaring continued loyalty of Charles I.

Elected a member of the Irish Parliament in 1641, O’Neill appeared to be a supporter of King Charles I. Nevertheless, on 22 Oct 1641, he seized the strategically important Charlemont Castle, Ulster, and then created confusion by claiming that Charles had authorised this act. O’Neill’s followers proceeded to massacre hundreds of England’s colonists in Ulster, but after besieging […]

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