#OTD in Irish History | 3 November:

In the Liturgical calendar, today is the Feast day of Maél Máedoc Úa Morgair, St Malachy of Armagh.

1380 – Edmund Mortimer, 6th Earl of Ulster, holds a parliament at Dublin, which confirms the Statutes of Kilkenny.

1692 – The only session of the exclusively Protestant Irish parliament of William III and Mary ends on this date.

1717 – Soldier and suspected betrayer of the Jacobites, Henry Luttrell, is assassinated in Dublin.

1788 – Birth of landlord and supporter of Daniel O’Connell, Thomas Steele, in Derrymore, Co Clare.

1796 – First court sittings at the Four Courts, Dublin.

1815 – Birth of patriot and founder of the newspaper the United Irishman, John Mitchel, in Dungiven, Co Derry.

1846 – Cork Examiner Reports on ‘An Gorta Mor’ Deaths.

1850 – Death of American politician, William E. Shannon. Born in Ballina, Co Mayo, he passed the New York State Bar, was commissioned as a Captain in the United States Army, and given command of “Company J” of the 1st Regiment of New York Volunteers, which arrived in San Francisco on the Susan Drew on March 20, 1847 to take part in the so-called California Conquest campaign of the Mexican-American War. After his military service, he served as mayor of Coloma, California, then was elected to the State Senate, where he stood out as a staunch abolitionist, reportedly having “secured the declaration in California’s Bill of Rights that neither slavery or involuntary servitude, unless for the punishment of crimes, shall ever be tolerated in this state.”

1854 – The Catholic University of Ireland is opened with J. H. Newman as its first rector.

1917 – Birth of diplomat, political commentator and writer, Conor Cruise O’Brien, in Dublin.

1920 – Two RIC officers killed in separate incidents in Tipperary and Sligo.

1922 – Tom Powell and his East Mayo Anti-Treaty IRA unit are captured in Ballinrobe, Co Mayo.

1922 – Republicans attack Free State General Richard Mulcahy’s official residence adjoining a military barracks in Portobello, Dublin. A grenade is thrown into the house and fire is opened with revolvers before troops from the barracks are mobilised and one Anti-Treaty fighter is shot dead.

1922 – A Free State soldier and a civilian are killed in a car accident at North Wall, Dublin.

1923 – Birth of Tomás Cardinal Ó Fiaich, in Cullyhanna, and raised in Camlough, Co Armagh. He was an Irish prelate of the Roman Catholic Church and served as the Catholic Primate of All Ireland and Archbishop of Armagh from 1977 until his death. He was created a Cardinal in 1979.

1932 – Birth in Rooskey, Co Roscommon of Albert Reynolds, politician and businessman, Fianna Fáil leader and Taoiseach from 1992-1994.

1943 – Query raised in Dáil Éireann by Oliver Flanagan about participation in a ‘foreign army.’

1969 – Introduction of the breathalyser into Ireland.

1971 – Birth of comedian, writer, actor and filmmaker, Dylan Moran. He is best known for his sardonic observational comedy, the UK television sitcom Black Books (in which he co-wrote and starred) and his work with Simon Pegg in Shaun of the Dead and Run Fatboy Run. He appeared as one of the two lead characters in the Irish black comedy titled A Film with Me in It in 2008.

1975 – James Fogarty (22), who had been a Republican Clubs member, was shot dead at his home in Ballymurphy, west Belfast, by members of the PIRA. This killing was part of the continuing feud between the two wings of the IRA.

1979 – The Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP) held its annual conference. The party rejected calls for talks with the IRA. The party also called for a joint approach by the British and Irish governments to finding a solution to the problems in Northern Ireland.

1989 – In a speech, Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, Peter Brooke, said that the IRA could not be defeated militarily. He also said that he would not rule out talks with Sinn Féin in the event of an end to violence. His remarks caused controversy.

1993 – The Irish Congress of Trade Unions (ICTU) organised peace rallies in Belfast and Derry.

1994 – Taoiseach, Albert Reynolds, said that there would be no change in the constitutional status of Northern Ireland without the consent of the majority of its people.

1995 – The Northern Ireland Office (NIO) published a document referred to as the ‘Building Blocks’ paper. Copies of the document had been given to the political parties and the Irish and American governments the previous week. The paper suggested that: “all-party preparatory talks and an independent international body to consider the decommissioning issue will be convened in parallel by the two governments”. Hence the process was to be called the ‘twin-track’ process. Vice-President of Sinn Féin, Martin McGuinness, held a meeting with Political Development Minister at the NIO, Michael Ancram, and discussed decommissioning of paramilitary weapons as well as all-party talks.

1996 – Sean Brady succeeded Cathal Daly and was appointed as Archbishop of Armagh and head of the Catholic church in Ireland.

1999 – A two-shilling book of Irish stamps, forgotten since being bought in the 1930s, is set to fetch £1000 at auction. The stamps – six at two pence, nine at a penny and six at a halfpenny – were almost certainly bought for use when they were purchased some time between 1931 and 1940.The orange coloured front cover bears the word STAMPAI and an advert proclaiming: McCairns for Vauxhalls and Bedfords, Showrooms, 2 Dawson Street, Dublin.

1999 – The RUC conducted a series of raids in Counties Armagh and Antrim against Loyalist paramilitaries. Fifty RUC detectives were involved in the operation and three men were arrested and arms and explosives recovered. In one of the raids at Stoneyford Orange Hall, Co Antrim, the police held six men for questioning when military documents were uncovered with the personal details of over 300 Republicans from Belfast and south Armagh. The Orange Order said it was “aghast” at the finds. Sinn Féin said the documents were evidence of collusion between the security forces and Loyalist paramilitaries. The RUC held three men for questioning about the killing of Pat Finucane, a Belfast solicitor shot dead on 12 February 1989. The arrests were made at the request of the team carrying out an inquiry into the killing. The team was headed by John John Stevens, then Commissioner of the Metropolitan Police. John White, Ulster Democratic Party (UDP) spokesman, accused the inquiry team of “deliberately harassing Loyalists”.

1999 – Former US Senator George Mitchell says he has no intention of imposing a deadline on the peace negotiations with Northern Ireland’s political leaders.

2000 – Sinn Féin is given the go ahead to legally challenge David Trimble’s contentious ban on the party’s ministers attending North South Ministerial Council meetings.

2000 – The country’s first graduates of Science in Electronics Manufacturing are conferred with their degrees.

2000 – The first All Ireland Food Safety Campaign is launched. It is aimed at reducing the number of food poisoning cases on both sides of the border.

2017 – Death of of veteran republican, Liam Sutcliffe, who played a critical role in the armed struggle during the 1950s, including the bombing of Nelsons Pillar on 8th March 1966.

Image | Croagh Patrick, Co Mayo | Christopher Blair Photography

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