#OTD in Irish History | 10 August:

1316 – Battle of Athenry: Irish rising in support of Edward the Bruce of Scotland.

1636 – The Annals of the Four Masters is completed. The Annals of the Kingdom of Ireland (Annala Rioghachta Éireann) or the Annals of the Four Masters (Annala na gCeithre Mháistrí) are a chronicle of medieval Irish history. The entries span from the deluge, dated as 2242 years after creation to AD 1616.8

1719 – The House of Commons proposes that all unregistered priests in Ireland should be branded on the cheek. The plan is ultimately abandoned.

1848 – Birth of painter, William Harnett in Clonakilty, Co Cork. Shortly after his birth his family emigrated to America, settling in Philadelphia. He practiced a troupe l’ceil (literally, “fool the eye”) style of realistic painting. His still lifes of ordinary objects, arranged on a ledge or hanging from a nail, are painted in such a way that the painting can be mistaken for the objects themselves.

1854 – A statutory provision is made for the establishment of a national gallery of paintings, sculpture and fine arts in Ireland.

1857 – Death of John Wilson Croker, Galway-born politician and writer.

1890 – Death of poet and novelist, John Boyle O’Reilly. As a youth in Ireland he was a member of the Irish Republican Brotherhood, for which crime he was transported to Western Australia. After escaping to the United States, he became a prominent spokesperson for Irish sentiment and culture, through his editorship of the Boston newspaper The Pilot, his prolific writing, and his lecture tours.

1886 – Death of Joseph Medlicott Scriven from Seapatrick, Co Down, who wrote the words for What A Friend We Have In Jesus.

1920 – Death of actor James O’Neill, in Kilkenny. Remembered for his portrayal of the Count of Monte Cristo, he was also the father of playwright Eugene O’Neill.

1922 – London IRA members Reginald Dunne and Joseph O’Sullivan, who killed H. H. Wilson on 22 June are hanged.

1922 – The Republicans abandon Cork city and burn the barracks they had been holding, including Charles Fort. The National Army takes the city unopposed.

1922 – General Prout’s Free State troops take Clonmel.

1928 – Peter Barry, Fine Gael politician, is born in Co Cork.

1970 – Two RUC officers were killed by the IRA when they set off a booby trap bomb planted in a car near Crossmaglen, Co Armagh.

1971 – Four people were shot dead in separate incidents in Belfast, three of them by the British Army, as violence continued following the introduction of Internment.

1971 – Birth in Co Cork of soccer star and manager, Roy Keane.

1972 – Two IRA members were killed when a bomb they were transporting exploded prematurely.

1973 – Two members of the IRA were killed when the bomb they were transporting exploded prematurely near Castlederg, Co Tryone.

1973 – A Protestant civilian was shot dead by Loyalists in Belfast.

1975 – Death of Robert Barton. He was an Irish lawyer, soldier, statesman and farmer who participated in the negotiations leading up to the signature of the Anglo-Irish Treaty. His father was Charles William Barton and his mother was Agnes Childers. His wife was Rachel Warren of Boston, daughter of Fiske Warren. His first cousin and close friend was Robert Erskine Childers.

1976 – The third of the Maguire children died as a result of injuries received on 10 August 1976. Anne Maguire was walking along Finaghy Road North with her three children when an out-of-control car plunged into them. The car’s driver, IRA man Danny Lennon, had been fatally wounded by a British army patrol which was chasing him. The car plunged into the Maguires, instantly killing six-week-old baby, Andrew, who was in his pram and his eight-year-old sister, Joanne, who was on her bicycle. Their brother John, just two-and-a-half, died on this day in hospital.

1979 – Representatives from the Irish National Caucus paid a visit to Northern Ireland and said that the Caucus intended to make the conflict in the region a major issue during the 1980 United States Presidential election.

1984 – John Treacy wins a silver medal in the marathon at the LA Olympics.

1985 – Birth of footballer, Roy O’Donovan, in Co Cork. O’Donovan joined the Newcastle Jets for the 2017/2018 A League season. He has been capped by Ireland at Under-19, Under-21 and B level. O’Donovan has previously played for Cork City, Sunderland, Dundee United, Blackpool, Southend United, Hartlepool United, Coventry City, Hibernian, Northampton Town, DPMM FC and Mitra Kukar F.C.

1991 – Sinn Féin held a rally in Belfast to mark the 20th anniversary of the introduction of Internment and the 10th anniversary of the hunger strike.

1993 – Chief Constable of the RUC, Sir Hugh Annesley, announced that women officers would be armed from April 1994.

1993 – A Catholic civilian, Seamus Hopkins (24), was found beaten to death in the Shankill area of Belfast.

1994 – A Catholic civilian, Martin L’Estrange (36), was shot dead by the Ulster Freedom Fighters (UFF), a cover name (pseudonym) used by the Ulster Defence Association (UDA). He was a printer and was killed at his workplace in William Street, Lurgan, Co Armagh.

1997 – Kevin Artt, Paul Brennan, and Terry Kirby, previously members of the IRA, who had escaped from Long Kesh Prison on 25 September 1983 lost their case in an American court to try to stop their extradition. The three men appealed against the decision.

1997 – Two Social Security officials had shots fired at their car which was also damaged by clubs in north Belfast.

1997 – There was an arson attack on the Orange Order Hall in Purdysburn in south Belfast.

1998 – Car clamping of illegally parked cars is introduced in Dublin.

1998 – After 26 years on the air, Gay Byrne confirms he will quit his RTÉ morning radio programme at Christmas and will give up the Late Late Show in June 1999.

1998 – After serving 21 years, William Moore, the last member of the terrifying Shankill Butchers Gang to remain behind bars is released, despite a Judge’s recommendation that he should never go free. He was given 14 life sentences for his role in the abduction and murder of 19 innocent Catholics.

1999 – Lakes featured in The Quiet Man are put on the market.

2000 – Ruth-Kelly Walsh from Bray, Co Wicklow wins the special prize for the ‘Most Creative Hat’ in the RDS Ladies Day Competition at the Kerrygold Horse Show.

2001 – Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, John Reid, signed an order which restored the Northern Ireland Assembly and the other institutions of the Good Friday Agreement. The latest period of suspension had lasted 24 hours and had the effect of postponing by six weeks the deadline for the election of the First Minister and Deputy First Minister (22 September 2001).

2001 – The main Apprentice Boys of Derry (ABOD) parade passed off without serious trouble. Around 10,000 ABOD members together with 170 bands marched around the city centre to commemorate the relief of the Siege of Derry in 1689.

Image | Five Fingers Strand, Inishowen, Malin, Co Donegal | Gareth Wray Photography

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