#OTD in Irish History | 26 September:

In the Liturgical calendar, today is Feast day of St. Colman.

1289 – ‘All men of good will to the king’, both Irish and English, in Munster and Leinster are summoned to Buttevant in Leix (Queen’s County). A ten-day expedition which begins on this date, subdues and forces the local Irish into an uneasy peace.

1713 – Charles Lucas, physician, MP and political radical, is born in Ballingaddy, Ennis, Co Clare.

1791 – First convicts from Ireland arrive in New South Wales, Australia.

1792 – Birth of Captain William Hobson. Born in Waterford, he was the first Governor of New Zealand and co-author of the Treaty of Waiting.

1889 – Birth of Gordon Brewster in Dublin. He was an editorial cartoonist for the Irish Independent group of newspapers and educated at the Dublin Metropolitan School of Art. His father, W. T. Brewster, was general manager of the Irish Independent, and Gordon joined the paper as a staff artist in 1906. He drew cartoons mainly on money matters for the daily paper, and had a regular cartoon called “This, That and the Other” for the Sunday Independent. Gordon Brewster died at Howth on 16 June 1946, aged 56, from undisclosed causes. He is buried along side his parents in Kilbarrack Cemetery.

1902 – Birth of politician and Fine Gael leader, James Dillon, in Dublin.

1920 – Ambush in Bunadreen, Co Kerry.

1920 – Black and Tans burned the village of Kilkee, Co Clare.

1930 – Birth of politician, Joe Sherlock, in Co Cork. He was a member of Sinn Féin, then of the Workers’ Party, later of Democratic Left and finally of the Labour Party, he was a Teachta Dála (TD) for Cork East from 1981 to 1982, 1987 to 1992 and 2002 to 2007. He died on 10 September 2007, after a short illness.

1930 – Saor Éire, a republican/socialist party, is founded by Peadar O’Donnell, Seán MacBride and other IRA members; it, the IRA and ten other organizations are declared illegal in the Free State on 23 October, and the Catholic Church excommunicates members of all 12 organizations. Sao Éire is soon dissolved.

1932 – De Valera opens the 13th Assembly of the League of Nations in Geneva.

1953 – Birth of Dolores Keane. She is an Irish folk singer and was a founding member of the successful group De Dannan, and has since embarked on a very successful solo career, establishing herself as one of the most loved interpreters of Irish music. Keane was born in a small village called Sylane (near Tuam) in rural Co Galway. She was raised by her aunts Rita and Sarah Keane since the age of four, who are also well-known sean-nós singers. Keane started her singing at a very young age, due to the influence of her musical aunts. She made her first recording for Radio Éireann in 1958, at the tender age of five. This early start inevitably meant that Keane would have a career in music. Her brother, Seán, also went on to enjoy a successful music career.

1965 – Death of aviation pioneer, James Fitzmaurice. Born in Dublin, he was a member of the crew of the Bremen, which made the first successful Trans-Atlantic aircraft flight from East to West on 12–13 April 1928.

1970 – There was serious trouble in Belfast when groups of Protestant youths attacked the Catholic Unity Flats. Rioting continued in the Protestant Shankill Road area for four nights.

1971 – David Bleakley resigned as Minister of Community Relations in protest over the introduction of Internment and the lack of any new political initiatives by the Northern Ireland government.

1971 – There was a series of tripartite talks, over two days, involving the prime ministers of Northern Ireland, Britain, and the Taoiseach of the Republic of Ireland, which took place at Chequers, England.

1981 – Liam McCloskey, then on day 55 of his hunger strike, ended his fast. McCloskey’s family had said that they would call for medical intervention to save his life if he became unconscious.

1983 – Patrick Gilmour, the father of ‘supergrass’ informer Raymond Gilmour, was released by the IRA having been held for 10 months.

1983 – A group of representatives from the New Ireland Forum paid a visit to Derry during which there were attacked by Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) demonstrators.

1983 – Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, James Prior, established an inquiry into the Long Kesh Prison escape (on 25 September 1983) under the direction of James Hennessy. The report of the inquiry was published on 26 January 1984.

1983 – The Director of Public Prosecutions ordered four RUC officers to stand trial for murder in the ‘shoot-to-kill’ investigation.

1990 – Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, Peter Brooke, stated that he might produce his own proposals for the future of Northern Ireland.

1992 – In a radio interview Leader of the Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP), John Hume, declared that Northern Ireland was “not a natural entity and therefore you cannot have a normal democracy”. In addition he went on to describe the SDLP’s proposal, already outlined at the political talks, for the governance of Northern Ireland.

1995 – British Prime Minister, John Major, held a meeting with John Hume, leader of the Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP), in London. Major also had a separate meeting with Ian Paisley, leader of the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP).

1997 – U2 plays its first-ever show in Greece, in the city of Thessaloniki.

1997 – Following a request by the Progressive Unionist Party (PUP), Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, Marjorie (Mo) Mowlam, approved the transfer of Jason Campbell from a Scottish prison to Long Kesh Prison. The decision drew criticism from Unionists and Nationalists. Campbell was serving a sentence for the murder of a Celtic football supporter in Glasgow in October 1995. The killing was purely sectarian in nature and the man had been attacked because he was wearing the colours of the Celtic team. Later it was revealed that Campbell had no close family connections in Northern Ireland. The PUP later withdrew its request for Campbell’s transfer. Mowlam held a meeting with Ian Paisley, leader of the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP), but failed in her effort to persuade Paisley to join the multi-party talks.

1997 – A memorial to the 33 people who were killed in the Dublin and Monaghan bombs on 17 May 1974 was unveiled in Talbot Street in Dublin.

1997 – Five IRA prisoners who were serving sentences in Portlaoise Prison were granted early release.

1999 – Ken Maginnis, Ulster Unionist Party (UUP) MP, said the meeting of UUP Assembly members in Glasgow at the weekend was not an attempt to discuss a change of policy on IRA decommissioning. He insisted that tactics in the Assembly, not overall party strategy, had been discussed.

1999 – The ‘Long March’ walked from Sandy Row in south Belfast to Stormont. Approximately 600 people took part in the march to protest against “terrorists in government”.

2000 – Ulster Unionist leader David Trimble warns that the Good Friday Agreement could vanish over plans for new policing arrangements and the IRA’s failure to disarm.

2000 – Financier George Finbar Ross, whose Gibraltar-based International Investments company went bust in the mid-eighties owning millions to Irish investors, is cleared of the bulk of the charges against him.

2001 – Thousands of teachers will be docked up to £500 each because of industrial action they took prior to last year’s State exams.

2001 – The Loyalist protesters at the Holy Cross Girls’ Primary School threw fireworks at Children and parents returning from the school during the afternoon. It was reported that the Red Hand Defenders (RHD), a cover name used by members of the Ulster Defence Association (UDA), had renewed its threat against parents taking their children to school.

2001 – The Police Federation criticised an internal RUC draft report suggesting how the new Police Service of Northern Ireland (PSNI) could maintain a neutral working environment. The Federation said that a “clean walls policy” could airbrush out any reference to the RUC.

2001 – Shorts, the aerospace manufacturers based in Belfast, announced it would have to lay off 900 people in the period up to the end of January 2002 because of the anticipated fall in demand for aircraft caused by the attacks in the United States. It was also announced that another 1,100 people may have to be made redundant after January.

2013 – Death of hurler, Seánie Duggan. Born in Galway, he played as a goalkeeper for the Galway senior team.

Image | Melmore Point, Co Donegal | Captive Landscapes by Stephen Emerson

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