#OTD in Irish History | 3 August:

1823 – Birth of Thomas Francis Meagher aka: “O’Meagher”, or “Meagher of the Sword”, an Irish nationalist and American politician. In his younger years he became an Irish revolutionary, fighting for Ireland’s independence from British rule. During this time Meagher introduced the flag that is now regarded as the national Flag of Ireland. In 1848, Meagher was convicted of sedition by the United Kingdom, and sentenced to death. Due to public outcry, his sentence was commuted to expulsion to Van Diemen’s Land on the Australian state of Tasmania.

1857 – George F. FitzGerald, physicist who postulated the FitzGerald-Lorenze contraction, is born in Dublin.

1916 – Roger Casement, Irish patriot, is hanged by the English in Pentonville Prison, London. He was the last to be executed as a result of the Easter Rebellion.

1922 – The Free State forces under General Prout take Carrick on Suir with one man killed and three wounded. Breen’s men retreat southwards.

1922 – National Army commandant Scally is killed in an ambush by Anti-Treaty IRA men between Swinford and Ballina in Mayo.

1922 – Around 250 pro-treaty IRA men from County Clare are embarked from Kilrush to Tarbert in fishing boats and take Ballylongford and Listowel.

1923 – The body of Henry McEntee was found at Dubber Cross near Jamestown Road Finglas County Dublin. It was alleged that McEntee had received threats from the CID at Oriel House.

1923 – A Civic Guard is shot dead by pro-Treaty troops at Belturbet Cavan, when he failed to stop at an Army checkpoint.

1938 – Birth of radio and television broadcaster, Terry Wogan, in Limerick. He worked for the BBC in the UK for most of his career. Before he retired in 2009, his BBC Radio 2 weekday breakfast programme Wake Up to Wogan had eight million regular listeners, making him the most listened-to radio broadcaster in Europe

1940 – Birth of actor, Martin Sheen. Born Ramón Gerardo Antonio Estévez, an American film actor best known for his performances in the films Badlands (1973) and Apocalypse Now (1979), and in the television series The West Wing from 1999 to 2006. Born and raised in the United States to immigrant parents, a first-generation Irish mother, Mary-Anne Phelan from Borrisokane, Co Tipperary and a Galician father, Francisco Estévez from Vigo in Galicia. He adopted the stage name Martin Sheen to help him gain acting parts. He is the father of actors Emilio Estevez, Ramón Estevez, Carlos Irwin Estevez (Charlie Sheen), and Renée Estevez. His younger brother Joe Estevez is also an actor.

1945 – Birth of Eamon Martin Dunphy, an Irish media personality, broadcaster, author, sports pundit and former professional footballer. Since retiring from the sport, he has become recognisable to Irish television audiences as a football analyst during coverage of the Premier League, UEFA Champions League and international football on RTÉ.

1976 – The IRA carried out a series of six bomb attacks on Portrush, Co Antrim.

1981 – Liam McCloskey, an Irish National Liberation Army (INLA) prisoner, joined the hunger strike.

1997 – The 25th anniversary of the bombing of Claudy, Co Derry was marked in the village when approximately 1,500 people attended an open air service. Although no group claimed responsibility for the explosions it was widely believed that the IRA had planted the three car bombs in the village which resulted in the deaths of nine people. Inadequate warnings were given about the bombs.

1997 – Nationalist residents of Newtownbutler, Co Fermanagh, protested against a Royal Black Preceptory march in the village. The parade was escorted by RUC officers in riot gear. Six people were injured in disturbances.

1998 – In the first break-through of its kind, Nationalists and Loyalists in Derry reached an agreement over the Apprentice Boys march in the city planned for 8 August 1999. The agreement came after three days of shuttle (indirect) negotiations between the parties. However, there were some minor disturbances following the march.

1998 – Between 20,000 and 25,000 people throng Youghal over the four days of the Murphy’s-sponsored International Busking Festival.

1999 – Continental Airlines announces increased availability of what it says are the cheapest direct flights between Ireland and the US.

1999 – Security sources confirmed that the IRA was considered responsible for the death of Charles Bennett on 30 July 1999. Republican sources claimed he was killed to pacify hardliners over decommissioning and the lack of political progress.

2001 – The Ardchomhairle of Sinn Féin held a meeting to consider the party’s response to the British and Irish governments’ Implementation Plan. The meeting took place in Co Louth. The Ardchomhairle is comprised of 41 members, including President of SF, Gerry Adams, Chairman, Mitchel McLaughlin, Vice-President, Pat Doherty, and Martin McGuinness. Sinn Féin rejected the deadline and said that the party needed to see the detail and guarantees on policing reform and demilitarisation. In the days following the meeting SF said it needed to see more detail on policing, demilitarisation and criminal justice before it could support the package.

2001 – Ealing Bombing: a Real IRA car bomb injured seven civilians in Ealing, west London.

2001 – Met Éireann reports that up to 22 millimetres of rain has fallen in the south. Insurance companies believe the cost of flash-flooding in Cork and Tipperary could hit £2 million.

2001 – A potentially fatal bacterium forces St. James Hospital in Dublin to close its general intensive care unit to new admissions.

2010 – Óglaigh na hÉireann claimed responsibility for detonating a 200 lb car bomb outside Strand Road PSNI station in Derry.

Image | Murlough Bay, Co Antrim | Stair na hÉireann/History of Ireland

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