#OTD in Irish History | 13 November:

In the Liturgical calendar, it is the Feast day of St. Kilian of Aubigny. In the 7th century, he became the only Irish person in the entire history of the Church to be offered the Papacy; he declined the honour.

867 – Death of Pope Nicholas I.

1643 – Charles I appoints James Butler, 1st Marquess of Ormond as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland.

1726 – At Clonmel, Joseph Slattery, MP for Blessington, dies from wounds received in a duel with Stephen Moore, MP for Fethard.

1872 – Birth of John MacIntosh Lyle, in Connor, Co Antrim. Emigrating to Canada as a young child, Lyle was an architect, urban planner, and teacher active in the late 19th century and into the first half of the 20th century. He was a leading Canadian architect in the Beaux Arts style and was involved in the City Beautiful movement in several Canadian cities. In the 1920s, he worked to develop his vision of a uniquely Canadian style of architecture.

1887 – Bloody Sunday in London, when a march against unemployment and coercion in Ireland, as well as demanding the release of MP William O’Brien, was attacked by the Metropolitan Police and the British Army. The demonstration was organised by the Social Democratic Federation and the Irish National League.

1901 – Birth of Maeve de Markievicz, daughter of Constance, in Lissadell, Co Sligo.

1921 – Éamon de Valera and the 1921 Treaty Negotiations.

1923 – Leonard Boyle, priest and palaeographer, is born in Donegal.

1942 – Five Sullivan brothers from Iowa die when their ship the light cruiser SS Juneau is torpedoed by a Japanese submarine. Raised in an Irish-Catholic family, the brothers great-grandfather had emigrated from Ireland.

1968 – Home Affairs Minister, William Craig, banned all marches, with the exception of ‘customary’ parades, in Derry from 14 November 1968 to 14 December 1968. The exception of ‘customary’ parades meant that Loyalist institutions could parade but civil rights marches would be banned.

1968 – Speaking about Northern Ireland, Taoiseach Jack Lynch stated in Dáil Éireann, he “hoped that as a result of my contact with Mr. Wilson and Mr. Wilson’s conversations with Captain O’Neill, the civil rights prospects would now become brighter and that the discrimination would be abolished; and that once we saw that was forthcoming we could re-establish north-south contacts.” The crisis in the North was consuming the energies of politicians in Britain and Ireland. Just weeks previously, Lynch had met with Northern Irish Nationalist leader Eddie McAteer to discuss the situation.

1981 – The IRA carried out a bomb attack on the home of British Attorney-General, Michael Havers, in London.

1982 – Gerry Adams, Member of Parliament (MP) for west Belfast, was elected President of Sinn Féin at the party’s annual Ard Fheis. Adams replaced Ruairí Ó Brádaigh as President in a development that demonstrated the movement in political power from Republicans based in the south of Ireland to those in Northern Ireland.

1991 – The United Nations Committee on Torture issued a report that criticised the British government’s refusal to introduce a policy of using videotape to record interviews of paramilitary suspects while in police custody.

1992 – The IRA exploded a large van bomb in the centre of Coleraine, Co Derry. The bomb caused extensive damage to the commercial heart of the town.

1996 – Three IRA prisoners who had been serving sentences in England were transferred to Portlaoise Prison.

1997 – During a visit to Washington, DC, Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, Marjorie (Mo) Mowlam, said that she would try to meet the deadline set for the multi-party talks at Stormont. She also “vowed” to help establish a new inquiry into the events of ‘Bloody Sunday’ in Derry on 30 January 1972.

1998 – Paddy Clancy of the Clancy Brothers is laid to rest in Faugheen cemetary, Carrick-on-Suir, Co Tipperary.

1998 – It was announced that a further 400 British soldiers would be withdrawn from Northern Ireland.

1998 – Death of actress, Valerie Hobson, who appeared in a number of films during the 1930s, 1940s and 1950s. Born Babette Valerie Louise Hobson in Larne, Co Antrim, in 1935, still in her teens, Hobson appeared as Baroness Frankenstein in Bride of Frankenstein with Boris Karloff and Colin Clive. She played opposite Henry Hull that same year in Werewolf of London, the first Hollywood werewolf film. The latter half of the 1940s saw Hobson in perhaps her two most memorable roles: as the adult Estella in David Lean’s adaptation of Great Expectations (1946), and as the refined and virtuous Edith D’Ascoyne in the black comedy Kind Hearts and Coronets (1949).

1999 – Environmentalists warn that Killarney’s picture postcard Lough Lein is in danger from pollution.

1999 – President of Republican Sinn Féin, Ruairí O Bradaigh, addressed his party’s Ard Fheis in Dublin. He said that if the IRA agreed to decommission its arms then it should disband.

1999 – Death of Professor Brian Ó Cuív, a leading Celtic scholar, aged 82. The author of many works on the Irish language and its history. He married Emer, daughter of former president Eámon de Valera.

2000 – A report on the status of the Irish language in Loughrea, Co Galway indicates there are Irish speakers in 362 of the 500 households who returned questionaires. The report also shows 91% of the town’s people want Irish language names for housing estates and 88% want more Irish used in signposts and public notices. All Irish education was also overwhelmingly accepted with 91% supporting the recently opened Gaelscoil Riabhach.

2000 – Clamping of illegally parked vehicles goes into effect for the first time in Galway city centre.

2000 – Former Secretary of State Dr Mo Mowlam is chosen Ireland’s International Person of the Year. She secures the accolade for her enormous contribution to the quest for peace.

2001 – RTÉ announces it is to become the first broadcaster in Europe to provide an on-screen aid to warn viewers of programmes containing sex, violence or foul language.

2001 – Irish troops walk out of the gates of Camp Shamrock, ending more than two decades of peacekeeping duty in Lebanon. The camp is handed over to a contingent of troops from Ghana.

2001 – Taoiseach Bertie Ahern, suggested in the Dáil that the British government had been slow to cooperate with the Commission of Inquiry into the Dublin and Monaghan bombings on 17 May 1974 in which 33 people were killed. It was announced that Justice Henry Barron, from Dublin, would meet Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, John Reid, to ask for access to British files on the bombings. Barron first requested the files on 10 November 2000. There have been persistent allegations that British security forces colluded with Loyalist paramilitaries in the bombings.

2002 – A major fire in a Dublin industrial complex continues to blaze more than 16 hours after flames are first spotted.

2002 – The Irish and British governments invite the north’s political parties to take part in talks at Stormont to try to ease the crisis in the peace process.

2019 – Death of actor and comedian, Niall Tóibín. The 89-year-old passed away in Dublin following a long illness. Tóibín, who was born in Cork city in 1929, was famous for his comedic performances, as well as roles in Ballykissangel, Far and Away and Rat.

Image | Foley’s Bridge, Tollymore Forest, Co Down | Hibernia Landscapes by Stephen Wallace

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