#OTD in Irish History – 8 August:

1588 – The Spanish Armada is defeated by the English, with some Spaniards slain upon reaching the coasts of Ireland and some survivors remaining.

1647 – The Irish Confederate Wars and Wars of the Three Kingdoms: Battle of Dungan’s Hill – English Parliamentary forces defeat Irish forces.

1694 – Birth of Presbyterian philosopher, Francis Hutcheson, in Co Down.

1746 – Death of philosopher, Francis Hutcheson. Born in Saintfield, Co Down on 8 August, 1694, to a family of Scottish Presbyterians, he became known as one of the founding fathers of the Scottish Enlightenment. He is remembered for his book “A System of Moral Philosophy“. Hutcheson took ideas from John Locke, and he was an important influence on the works of several significant Enlightenment thinkers, including David Hume and Adam Smith.

1781 – James Gandon moves from London to Dublin; the first stone of his Customs House is laid on this date.

1911 – Birth of Billy Behan, one of the men who made Manchester United one of the best clubs in world soccer. The Dublin born Behan scouted for the Red Devils for almost half a century discovering such players as Johnny Carey, Liam Whelan, Johnny Giles, Tony Dunne, Don Givens, Kevin Moran and Paul McGrath. In his memoir, John Giles – A Football Man, Giles says Behan was a “tall easy-going man” who had “a kind of a sixth sense for identifying the players who would make it.” To the astonishment of many, Behan encouraged Dublin All Ireland Football hero Kevin Moran to sign for United. Moran went on to have a distinguished career on the soccer field playing for Ireland 71 times.

1922 – Free State seaborne landings take place in Co Cork. Emmet Dalton and 800 troops, with two artillery pieces and armoured cars, land at Passage West. A further 200 men are put ashore at Youghal and 180 troops land at Glandore. Heavy fighting takes place at Rochestown in Cork, as 200 Anti-Treaty troops try to block the Free State advance on Cork City. Nine National Army and seven Republicans are killed before the Free State troops secure the area.

1923 – The Civic Guard is renamed the Garda Síochana.

1953 – The library of Alfred Chester Beatty, containing his unique collection of oriental manuscripts, opens in Dublin.

1955 – Birth of former racing driver, Michael Roe, in Naas, Co Kildare.

1961 – David Evans (The Edge) is born in England. When he was one, his family moved to the beautiful seaside village of Malahide, Co Dublin. When Larry Mullen posted a notice at his high school Mount Temple Comprehensive seeking to start a band, Edge along with Paul Hewson (Bono) and Adam Clayton signed on. The rest is rock history and U2. Edge’s unique sound has been a crucial element in the success of U2. Self-taught, he is rated #24 in the Rolling Stone list of Greatest Guitarists. His influences included the great Irish blues guitarist Rory Gallagher whom Rolling Stone place at #57 on their list (about 50 places too low!).

1969 – Northern Ireland Prime Minister, James Chichester-Clark, held a meeting with British Home Secretary, James Callaghan, in London. Callaghan agreed to an increase in the number of security force personnel. It was also decided to allow the annual Apprentice Boys parade to go ahead in Derry.

1976 – Founding of the Peace Movement in the North. First Declaration Of The Peace People:
– We have a simple message to the world from this movement for Peace.
– We want to live and love and build a just and peaceful society.
– We want for our children, as we want for ourselves, our lives at home, at work, and at play to be lives of joy and Peace.
– We recognise that to build such a society demands dedication, hard work, and courage.
– We recognise that there are many problems in our society which are a source of conflict and violence.
– We recognise that every bullet fired and every exploding bomb make that work more difficult.
– We reject the use of the bomb and the bullet and all the techniques of violence.
– We dedicate ourselves to working with our neighbours, near and far, day in and day out, to build that peaceful society in which the tragedies we have known are a bad memory and a continuing warning

1976 – A number of rallies were held to mark the fifth anniversary of the introduction of internment. Vice-President of Sinn Féin, Máire Drumm, addressed one of the rallies and said that the campaign for the reintroduction of special category status would continue. Drumm is reported as saying that Belfast would “come down stone by stone, and if necessary other towns will come down, and some in England too” as part of the campaign.

1976 – A group of Republican demonstrators broke into the home of Gerry Fitt, leader of the Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP), who had to use his gun, issued for personal protection, to protect himself and members of his family and to force the crowd to leave the house.

1980 – The Central Hotel Fire Bundoran, Co Donegal occurred. The Central Hotel was a popular family owned hotel in the heart of the seaside resort of Bundoran, Co. Donegal. On 8th August 1980, a fire broke out killing ten people, including both locals and holiday makers. The tragedy featured as part of the RTÉ television series Disasters in summer 2007.

1980 – There was widespread violence following commemorations of the ninth anniversary of the introduction of Internment.

1981 – Thomas McElwee, Irish political prisoner, dies on the sixty-second day of his hunger strike in Long Kesh Prison.

1982 – At an Internment anniversary rally in west Belfast representatives of Noraid and the People’s Liberation Organisation (PLO) addressed the crowd.

1988 – Two Catholic men were killed by the Protestant Action Force (PAF).

1988 – A British soldier died from injuries received three weeks earlier.

1993 – A Catholic civilian, Sean Lavery (21), was shot dead by the Ulster Freedom Fighters (UFF), a cover name (pseudonym) used by the Ulster Defence Association (UDA), in a gun attack on the Lavery home. Sean’s father, Bobby Lavery, was a Sinn Féin (SF) councillor.

1994 – A part-time member of the Royal Irish Regiment (RIR), Trelford Withers (46), was shot dead by the IRA. He was off duty at the time and was killed at his shop, Downpatrick St, Crossgar, Co Down.

1995 – Members of the Apprentice Boys of Derry (ABD) threatened to prevent Catholics from attending church if Loyal Order parades were rerouted away from Nationalist areas.

1997 – Nationalist residents of Newtownbutler, Co Fermanagh, gathered outside the RUC police station to protest at a Royal Black Preceptory march planned for the village on 9 August 1997.

1997 – President of Republican Sinn Féin, Ruairí O Brádaigh, was refused a visa by the Canadian government.

1998 – The Loyalist Volunteer Force (LVF) issued a statement which stated that as far as the group was concerned the “war is over”. Many people expressed doubts about the real intentions of the LVF. This was a follow-up to the announcement of a ceasefire on 15 May 1998. It was thought that the statement was a response to the fact that LVF prisoners had not been included on the list of those eligible for release that was presented on 28 July 1998.

1998 – President of Sinn Féin (SF), Gerry Adams, told a meeting in west Belfast that he would not be pressured into uttering the words “the war is over” to satisfy Unionists.

1998 – There were disturbances in Derry following the annual Apprentice Boys of Derry parade.

1999 – The INLA and its political wing the IRSP stated that “There is no political or moral argument to justify a resumption of the campaign”.

1999 – There were sectarian arson attacks on an Orange hall in Ballymoney, Co Antrim, a Presbyterian church hall in Rathfriland, Co Down, and a Free Presbyterian church hall in Moneyslane.

2000 – A leading figure in the Young Ireland Movement, Edward Walsh, poet, folklorist, song writer and teacher, is remembered on the 150th anniversary of his death.

2001 – The Taoiseach and Tánaiste urge Irish workers and employers not to panic as computer giant Gateway signals a shutdown of Irish operations with 900 job losses.

Image | Rock of Dunamase, Co Laois | Clint Crawford Photography

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