#OTD in Irish History – 1 October (Deireadh Fómhair):

1600 – Robert Grave, Church of Ireland Bishop of Ferns and Leighlin, and his family drown in Dublin Bay on their way home to Wexford.

1796 – The Royal College of St Patrick, a Catholic seminary, is opened in Maynooth, Co Kildare.

1751 – Cornelius Bolton, politician, Volunteer and improving landlord is born.

1761 – In the climate of sectarian tension created partly by the Mathew-Maude controversy, the Whiteboys, a violent agrarian protest movement, begins in Tipperary and spreads through Munster and West Leinster.

1796 – The Royal College of St. Patrick a Catholic seminary, is opened in Maynooth, Co Kildare.

1908 – The Model T is launched and would go onto sell more than 15 million units. Henry Ford’s father William Ford was born in County Cork and was one of many to emigrate from Ireland due to poverty and starvation. Ford visited Ireland in 1912, 65 years after his dad had emigrated, and again in 1917 when he established the Ford plant in Cork city. Ford did not forget his Irish roots. He named his Dearborn home Fair Lane after the area of Cork where his maternal grandfather came from. The Ford plant in Cork would finally close in 1984.

1911 – Statue of Charles Stewart Parnell is unveiled in Dublin.

1917 – Birth of Cahal Brendan Daly. Born in Loughguile, Co Antrim, Daly was a philosopher, theologian, writer and international speaker and, in later years, a Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. Daly served as the Roman Catholic Archbishop of Armagh and Primate of All Ireland from late 1990 to 1996, the oldest man to take up this role for nearly 200 years. He was later created a Cardinal-Priest of S. Patrizio by Pope John Paul II in the consistory of 28 June 1991. His death in 2009 brought to an end a two-year period during which Ireland had, for the first times in its history, three living Cardinals. Considered “the hierarchy’s foremost theologian”, he strongly criticised the IRA throughout his episcopal ministry. Daly had many published works and was known for his views on philosophy, theology and on the Northern Ireland situation, attracting global acclaim for his part in helping to write the speech Pope John Paul II used on his 1979 visit to Drogheda to ask for an end to violence on the island.

1930 – Birth of actor, Richard Harris, in Limerick.

1968 – The Apprentice Boys of Derry announced its intention to hold an ‘annual’ march along the same proposed route of the Civil Rights demonstration, on the same day and at the same time. This particular tactic had been used on several occasions before and many times after the Derry March. It provided the excuse needed to ban the march.

1968 – A new Northern Ireland university opened at Coleraine, Co Derry. The university was named the New University of Ulster. The decision to build the university at Coleraine had caused a great deal of controversy among all shades of opinion in Derry who felt that as the second city of Northern Ireland, Derry should have received the economic stimulus the university would have brought. The university merged in October 1984 with Jordanstown Polytechnic, Magee College in Derry and Belfast Art College to form the University of Ulster.

1974 – Birth of entertainer, Keith Duffy, in Donaghmede, Dublin. He is a singer-songwriter, actor, radio and television presenter and drummer who began his professional music career as part of Irish boy band Boyzone alongside Ronan Keating, Mikey Graham, Shane Lynch and Stephen Gately in 1993. The band decided to focus on solo projects in 2000 since which Duffy has achieved critical acclaim for his acting roles, particularly in soap operas such as Coronation Street and Fair City. He has also presented The Box and You’re a Star.

1975 – Muhammad Ali defeats Joe Frazier in the Thrilla in Manila, third and most brutal bout between two great boxers. The great fighter visited Ennis, Co Clare – his ancestral home – in 2009. Ali twice fought and defeated “Irish” Jerry Quarry in the early 70’s.

1979 – RTÉ broadcasts Pope John Paul II’s visit to Ireland.

1982 – A motion was passed at the Labour Party conference which called for a ban on the use of plastic bullets in the whole of the United Kingdom (UK).

1990 – At a fringe meeting at the British Labour Party conference Seamus Mallon, deputy leader of the Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP), stated that Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, Peter Brooke, should abandon the agenda drawn up in the summer for the proposed political talks.

1991 – A motion on Northern Ireland was debated at the Labour Party conference in Brighton, England. The motion would have required the Labour Party to organise and contest elections in Northern Ireland. However, the motion was heavily defeated.

1993 – Representatives of the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) held a meeting with Michael Ancram, then Political Development Minister at the Northern Ireland Office (NIO). The DUP members refused to discuss their latest policy document ‘Breaking the Log-Jam’ unless Ancram undertook to ignore the Hume-Adams Initiative.

1995 – President of Sinn Féin, Gerry Adams, made his first visit to Scotland. Loyalists held a protest against his visit. Police arrested five of the protesters.

2000 – Eight men, including one Irishman, are feared dead after their fishing vessel sinks off the Clare coast in gale force winds and treacherous seas.

2000 – President Mary McAleese leads the tributes to the Apostolic Nuncio, Archbishop Luciano Storero, who died at 8am in the Mater Hospital in Dublin at the age of 74.

2001 – The Loyalist protest at the Holy Cross Girls’ Primary School resumed at the beginning of a new week. Protesters held a noisy protest but also threw ballons, filled with urine, at parents and children. Acting First Minister, Reg Empy (Ulster Unionist Party; UUP), and Acting Deputy First Minister, Seamus Mallon (Social Democratic and Labour Party; SDLP), met with local representatives in Ardoyne, north Belfast, to discuss the situation at the Holy Cross school. Empy said there was no excuse for the ongoing protest at the school. The protest first began on 20 June 2001 and the current phase started on 3 September 2001.

2001 – David Trimble, Leader of the Ulster Unionist Party (UUP), called on the British government to crackdown on the money made by paramilitary groups in Northern Ireland. Trimble made his call at the Labour Party conference in Brighton, England.

2001 – The RUC began a two-day conference on Human Rights and Policing at the Hilton Hotel in Belfast. The conference addressed issues of police accountability, policing a diverse society and the European perspective on policing.

2001 – Journalists from all over Ireland gather to pay tribute to colleague Martin O’Hagan who was gunned down last week. More than 1,500 people attend his funeral in his hometown of Lurgan, Co Armagh.

2001 – The Black and White Pub of The Year Award 2001 goes to Fitzpatrick’s Bar of Jenkinstown, Co Louth.

Image | Three Castle Head, Dunlough, West Cork | RR Photography

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