#OTD in Irish History – 27 History:

1662 – An “act for encouraging Protestant strangers and others to inhabit and plant in the kingdom of Ireland” is passed in the Irish Parliament under Charles II.

1725 – Patrick Darcy, scientist and soldier, is born in Kitulla, Co Galway.

1739 – Birth of Francis Russell, Marquess of Tavistock. He was a politician and the eldest son of the 4th Duke of Bedford. From 1759 to 1761, he sat in the Irish House of Commons as Whig Member of Parliament for Armagh Borough and then in the British House of Commons for Bedfordshire until 1767.

1742 – Death of Hugh Boulter. He was the Church of Ireland Archbishop of Armagh, the Primate of All Ireland, from 1724 until his death. He also served as the chaplain to George I from 1719.

1879 – USHistory.org states “International cricket match at the grounds of the Germantown Cricket Club, near Wayne Station, between the Gentlemen of Ireland and a picked team of Philadelphia. Score: Irish Gentlemen, first inning, 58; second inning, 82; total, 140. Philadelphia, first and only inning, 149”.

1891 – Charles Stewart Parnell makes his last public appearance at Creggs, Co Galway.

1920 – Black and Tans burned the town centre of Trim, Co Meath.

1922 – The Free State’s Provisional Government puts the “Public Safety Bill” before the Dáil, setting up military courts which allow for the execution of men captured bearing arms against the state and aiding and abetting attacks on state forces. It passes by 48 votes to 18. The Irish Labour Party oppose it.

1922 – About 500 Anti-Treaty IRA men attack Killorglin, Co Kerry, led by Seán Hyde. However, they fail to dislodge a pro-treaty garrison of 60 men from Clare who hold the barracks in the town. British Intelligence reports that 23 Republicans are killed in the action and 30 wounded. Anti-Treaty soldier David Robinson admits to 2 killed, 15 wounded and 14 captured. The republicans disperse after 24 hours of fighting, when Free State troops arrive from Tralee.

1926 – Tim O’Keeffe, publisher, is born in Kinsale, Co Cork.

1954 – One of the greats of Dublin Gaelic Football, Brian Mullins is born in Dublin. The tough as teak midfielder won four all Ireland’s with Dublin between 1974-1983.

1957 – Launch of the Royal Showband.

1971 – Heath, Lynch and Faulkner meet for talks at Chequers.

1972 – Five people died in separate incidents across Northern Ireland.

1973 – The first in an annual series of ecumenical conferences is held at Ballymascanlon, Co Louth and is attended by representatives of al the main churches.

1976 – Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, Roy Mason, gave his first press conference since his appointment. In a statement he stressed the importance of trying to improve the Northern Ireland economy and in trying to reduce unemployment.

1981 – Taoiseach, Garret FitzGerald, gave an interview on RTÉ and set out his vision for a new Republic of Ireland in what became known as his ‘constitutional crusade’. The main theme of his ideas was to make the Republic of Ireland a society where the majority ethos would be expressed in a way so as to not alienate Protestants living in Northern Ireland.

1984 – There were serious disturbances at Long Kesh Prison involving Republican and Loyalist paramilitary prisoners. Eight Prison Officers and five prisoners were injured in the clashes.

1989 – John Taylor, Ulster Unionist Party (UUP) Member of Parliament, issued proposals for a devolved assembly in Northern Ireland.

1991 – The Irish Times carried a report of an interview with Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, Peter Brooke. Brooke was reported as stating that Articles 2 and 3 of the Republic of Ireland’s constitution were “not helpful” in finding an agreement in Northern Ireland. He also warned that people should not seek to stretch the Anglo-Irish Agreement (AIA).

1992 – Birth of singer-songwriter and former actor, Ryan O’Shaughnessy, in Skerries, Co Dublin. Best known for reaching the final of the sixth series of Britain’s Got Talent in May 2012, finishing in fifth place, as well as appearing on the first series of The Voice of Ireland.

1993 – The IRA exploded a large bomb, estimated at 300 lbs, in the centre of Belfast and caused extensive damage, as well as a second bomb, estimated at 500 lbs, in south Belfast.

1993 – John Hume, leader of the Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP), and President of Sinn Féin (SF), Gerry Adams, suspended their talks while a report from them (the Hume-Adams Initiative) was being considered by the British and Irish Governments.

1993 – A report in the Irish Times claimed that the Hume-Adams Initiative asked the British government to state that it had no long-term interest in Northern Ireland and that it would use its influence to persuade Unionists that their best interest lay in a United Ireland.

1994 – The European Parliament passed a motion which called for all paramilitary groups in Northern Ireland to begin ceasefires.

1994 – Leader of the Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP), John Hume, was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize by the Socialist Group of the European Parliament.

1995 – In Strasbourg, the European Court of Human Rights ruled that the shooting on 6 March 1988 of three unarmed IRA members in Gibraltar by undercover members of the Special Air Service (SAS) breached the Human Rights Convention in relation to the right to life. The court found that the SAS killings were “unnecessary” and that the three IRA members could have been arrested. No damages were awarded, however, the British government was ordered to pay the legal costs of the families. On 24 December 1995 the British government paid £38,700 to cover the legal costs.

1997 – Following an increase in sectarian tensions in the Oldpark area of north Belfast, the homes of two Protestant families were attacked.

1998 – Tony Blair calls for a crisis meeting with David Trimble, Seamus Mallon and Gerry Adams to try to break the deadlock which has arisen over the decommissioning of arms.

1998 – Liam Neeson and Natasha Richardson announce they will donate a six-figure libel payout to a memorial fund for the victims of the Omagh bomb massacre.

1999 – Interlocutory hearings of the Bloody Sunday Inquiry took place in the Guildhall in Derry. The hearings were chaired by Lord Saville and discussed the issue of anonymity for up to 500 security force witnesses to the shootings on 30 January 1972. The first of the main hearings began on 27 March 2000.

1999 – Sinn Féin (SF) demonstrators disrupted the public launch of the annual report of the Police Authority of Northern Ireland (PANI). Figures in the report indicated that recorded crime for 1998/99 had increased by 28 per cent while detection rates had dropped by 5 per cent.

1999 – Michael Cunningham, a Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP) councillor, pleaded guilty to 13 charges of indecent assault on two girls aged six and seven years. On 12 November 1999 Cunningham was sentenced to two years imprisonment.

1999 – The Tipperary Rural and Business Development Institute opens in Thurles, Co Tipperary.

2000 – Sinn Féin leader Gerry Adams accuses David Trimble of attempting to manufacture another artificial crisis in Northern Ireland.

2000 – Thirty-three years after it was made, censors lift the ban on a film adaptation of James Joyce’s epic novel Ulysses.

2001 – British Airways announces it is to close its Belfast-Heathrow route with 160 job losses. BA’s decision also means it will suspend its daily service to Gatwick from Shannon and Cork.

2001 – Entrepreneur Denis O’Brien is ordered to leave the Oireachtas committee inquiring into the CIE rail signalling project after telling Deputy Seán Doherty he is unfit to be its chairman.

2001 – There was a second night of shooting and rioting following Loyalist protests in north Belfast. Loyalist paramilitaries fired approximately 30 shots at security forces on Cambrai Street, off the Crumlin Road. One woman was injured when she was shot in the leg. Thirteen RUC officers were injured as a result of the rioting. Chief Constable of the RUC, Ronnie Flanagan, stated in an interview on the BBC ‘Newsline’ programme that the Ulster Defence Association (UDA) was involved in the most recent shooting and rioting in north Belfast.

2001 – British Airways announced that it was cutting back on a number of its European and United States routes. The service between Belfast and London is one of the ones to close on 27 October 2001. Up to 160 employees were expected to lose their job.

2008 – Six nurses made history when they graduated from university and became the first in the HSE-South region to qualify to prescribe a specific range of drugs. Until this date, only doctors could prescribe the medications involved. But under a programme introduced in 2007, nurses working in midwifery, coronary care, A&E and other areas were able to prescribe medications from a specific category list.

Image | Glendalough Round Tower | Derek Smyth Photography

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