#OTD in Irish History – 28 August:

1710 – A board of trustees for linen manufacture is established.

1788 – Birth of poet, Sir Aubrey de Vere, in Adare, Co Limerick.

1788 – Birth of banker and philanthropist, James Digges La Touche, in Dublin.

1798 – Cornwallis reaches Athlone; Humbert entrenches in Castlebar.

1814 – Birth of novelist and journalist, Joseph Sheridan Le Fanu, in Dublin.

1815 – Mary Letitia Martin, ‘Princess of Connemara,’ novelist, philanthropist and daughter of ‘Humanity Dick’ Martin is born in Ballynahinch Castle, Co Galway.

1848 – Francis O’Neill, The Police Chief Who Saved Irish Music is born near Bantry, Co Cork. After emigrating to the United States, he joined the Chicago police force in 1873, eventually serving as Chief of Police from 1901-1905.

1860 – Napier’s and Deasy’s Land Acts are passed.

1872 – The first horse-drawn tram cars enter service in Belfast.

1877 – Charles Stewart Parnell becomes president of Home Rule Confederation.

1896 – Birth of Liam O’Flaherty in Inis Mór, Aran Islands, Co Galway. O’Flaherty was a novelist, short story writer and a major figure in the Irish literary renaissance.

1919 – Amount of national loan issued reaches £250,000.

1919 – Attack on military raiding party in Deansgrange, south Dublin.

1922 – Michael Collins is buried in Glasnevin Cemetary Dublin. The seven mile journey from Dublin’s pro-cathedral to the Big Fella’s final resting place was lined with (the New York Times reported) half a million mourners, many of whom, would have differed with him on the Treaty. https://youtu.be/T6QX2paFZxc

1929 – “Health And Efficiency” becomes the very first publication banned by the Irish Free State.

1941 – Birth of contemporary conceptual artist and painter, Michael Craig-Martin, in Dublin.

1975 – Willie John McBride retires from international rugby.

1975 – The IRA planted a time bomb in Oxford Street, London. The bomb had been booby-trapped and was designed to kill anyone trying to defuse it. The bomb was not discovered and exploded without causing any injuries.

1975 – Birth of former footballer, Gareth Farrelly, in Dublin. He played for Aston Villa, Bolton Wanderers, and Everton in the Premier League, he also played six times for Ireland.

1976 – The Peace People organised a rally which was attended by approximately 25,000 people. Those taking part in the rally walked from the Shankill Road to Woodvale Park.

1979 – A Catholic civilian, John Hardy (43), was shot dead by the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) at his home in Ashton Street, New Lodge, Belfast.

1979 – An IRA bomb explodes on the Grote Markt in Brussels. See NY Times Article: https://goo.gl/W3XNso

1982 – The RUC found one and a half tons of commercial explosive hidden in a lorry near Banbridge, Co Down. The Garda Síochána found 10,000 rounds of ammunition and commercial explosives at Glencree, Co Wicklow.

1983 – Ken Livingstone, leader of the Greater London Council (GLC), said that Britain’s treatment of the Irish over the past 800 years had been worse than Hitler’s treatment of the Jews.

1986 – A Protestant civilian, Mervyn Bell (22), was shot dead by the IRA on the Strand Road in Derry. Bell had been working as a contractor to the RUC. This killing followed threats made by the IRA on 28 July 1986 and on 27 August 1986.

1991 – Liam Kearns and David Madigan left Newry Cathedral ten days after seeking sanctuary in the building. They had entered the Cathedral following an order by the IRA.

1992 – The PIRA’s “South Armagh snipers” undertook their first successful operation, when a British Army soldier was shot dead on patrol in Crossmaglen, Co Armagh.

1994 – John Hume, leader of the Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP), and Gerry Adams, President of Sinn Féin (SF), issued a (fourth) joint statement. The statement read: ” A just and lasting peace in Ireland will only be achieved if it is based on democratic principles. … If a lasting settlement is to be found there must be a fundamental and thorough-going change, based on the right of the Irish people as a whole to national self-determination.”

1995 – James Molyneaux, leader of the Ulster Unionist Party (UUP), announced that he would resign from the leadership of the party. On 18 March 1995 Molyneaux had been challenged for his position as leader by 21 year old student who received 88 votes. David Trimble, then UUP MP, was elected leader on 8 September 1995.

1996 – The Combined Loyalist Military Command (CLMC), an umbrella group for loyalist paramilitaries, issued a statement ordering Billy Wright and Alex Kerr (both leading Loyalists figures from Portadown, Co Armagh) to leave Northern Ireland or face “summary justice”. Mr Kerr was in custody when the threat was issued but Mr Wright said he would defy the order.

1997 – David Trimble, leader of the Ulster Unionist Party (UUP), and Jeffrey Donaldson, then a UUP Member of Parliament (MP), held a “hostile meeting” with Marjorie (Mo) Mowlam, Secretary of State for Northern Ireland. The Unionist MPs were angry at comments made by Mowlam that the issue of ‘consent’ should not be “narrowly defined” in numerical terms. She later stated that the status of Northern Ireland could only be changed by a majority of the population.

1998 – The minutes of a meeting on 6 August between Adam Ingram, Security Minister at the NIO, and the Ulster Unionist Party (UUP) Assembly Group, were leaked. At the meeting the UUP were reported as saying there would be “no chance” of an Executive being formed without decommissioning of IRA weapons.

1998 – The “real” Irish Republican Army (rIRA) stated that it believed that a continuation of its campaign was futile “in the circumstances of Omagh and the Mitchell agreement”. The rIRA indicated that a ceasefire would be called.

1998 – The Real IRA and the 32 County Sovereignty Committee are to be placed on an international terrorist list by the US Government. An FBI clampdown on American supporters of both groups is also planned.

1998 – The Northern Ireland Assembly heads for its first major crisis after a confidential document discloses that senior Ulster Unionists warned the British government they could no longer endorse the Good Friday agreement.

1998 – One of the largest passing-out parades for the Defence Forces in recent years takes place; 86 recruits receive their two-star private rating at a ceremony in Gormanston Army Camp, Co Meath.

2000 – Finance Minister, Charlie McCreevy, faces calls for his resignation as former judge Hugh O’Flaherty withdraws his controversial nomination for vice-presidency of the European Investment Bank.

2001 – Loyalist paramilitaries planted a car bomb in Castle Street in the centre of Ballycastle, Co Antrim, while thousands of people were in the town to celebrate the annual Auld Lammas Fair. The bomb was discovered by a RUC officer and the area was cleared. British Army bomb disposal officers defused the bomb which turned out to be a large blast incendiary device. The Red Hand Defenders (RHD), a cover name that has been used by members of the Ulster Defence Association (UDA), claimed responsibility for the bomb. Security forces later suggested the possibility that the bomb was actually the work of the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF). The Lammas Fair attracts thousands of visitors each year. The attack was widely condemned. Police searched two houses in the Tiger’s Bay area of north Belfast and uncovered 14 suspected ‘acid bombs’ and materials for making other devices. It was later reported that a woman would appear at Belfast Magistrate’s Court on 29 August 2001 charged with having offensive weapons.

2017 – Death of Kilkenny rugby player, William Duggan.

Image | Granny Valley, Ardara, Co Donegal | Fiachra Mangan Photography 

#irishhistory #ireland #irelandinspires

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Stair na hÉireann is steeped in Ireland's turbulent history, culture, ancient secrets and thousands of places that link us to our past and the present. With insight to folklore, literature, art, and music, you’ll experience an irresistible tour through the remarkable Emerald Isle.