1171 – Henry II holds his court in Dublin from this date to 2 February 1172.
1718 – Birth of Thomas Waite, MP and Under Secretary for the Civil Department: pillar of the Irish administration 1747-80.
1841 – Death of The Venerable Mother Catherine Elizabeth McAuley at Stormanstown House, Dublin. She was an Irish nun, who founded the Sisters of Mercy in 1831. The Order has always been associated with teaching, especially in Ireland, where the nuns taught Catholics (and at times Protestants) at a time when education was mainly reserved for members of the established Church of Ireland.
1865 – Sentenced to fourteen years hard labour for treason, Irish nationalist and Fenian Charles Kickham is incarcerated in Pentonville Prison. He was released in 1869, partly due to ill-health. Kickham was a contributor to the Irish People, the organiser of the Fenian movement, the Irish Republican Brotherhood which the English authorities deemed seditious. He also authored a number of novels including the critically acclaimed Knocknagow. Suffering from ill-health, he was released from prison in 1869.
1873 – Birth of Daniel Daly, double Medal of Honor winner in Glen Cove, NY.
1880 – Ned Kelly, Australian bushranger and son of Tipperary transportee, is hanged in Melbourne.
1887 – Birth of John M. Hayes in Murroe, Co Limerick; priest and founder of Muintir na Tíre.
1918 – End of World War I. More than 200,000 Irish troops fought in the British army over the four years of conflict. An estimated 30,000 Irishmen died during the war.
1919 – First edition of the Irish Bulletin was produced by Dáil Éireann’s Department of Publicity. It was to be produced every few days from this date onward and became very important in getting the Irish side of events known to a wide audience.
1922 – Republican head of propaganda, Robert Erskine Childers, is captured by the Free State at the house of Robert Barton in Annamoe, Co Wicklow.
1922 – A civilian is shot dead by Free State patrol on Queen Street, Dublin.
1923 – Birth of F.S.L. Lyons, historian and biographer, in Co Derry.
1925 – George Bernard Shaw Wins Nobel Prize for Literature. Born in Dublin in 1856, Shaw is the only person to receive both a Nobel Prize in Literature and an Oscar (1938), for his work on the film Pygmalion (adaptation of his play of the same name).
1938 – Death of Mary Mallon, also known as Typhoid Mary. Born in Cookstown, Co Tyrone, she was the first person in the United States identified as an asymptomatic carrier of the pathogen associated with typhoid fever. She was presumed to have infected some 53 people, three of whom died, over the course of her career as a cook. She was forcibly isolated twice by public health authorities and died after nearly three decades altogether in isolation.
1941 – Birth of Eddie Keher, Kilkenny hurler and winner of six All-Ireland medals.
1966 – Birth of actress and model, Alison Doody, in Dublin. After making her feature film debut with a small part in Bond film A View to a Kill (1985), she went on to play Nazi-sympathising archaeologist Elsa Schneider, in Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (1989). Other roles include Siobhan Donavan in A Prayer for the Dying (1987), Charlotte in Taffin (1988) and Rebecca Flannery in Major League II (1994).
1971 – Two RUC officers were shot dead by the IRA in Belfast. One of the officers was a Catholic and was the first Catholic member of the RUC to be killed during the conflict.
1974 – Allan Quartermaine, a London insurance broker, was shot and mortally wounded in his chauffeur-driven car at traffic-lights in King’s Road, Chelsea, London. Quartermaine died a week later. It is believed that the IRA was responsible for the shooting. At the time police thought the shooting was a case of mistaken identity.
1976 – The Ulster Loyalist Central Co-ordinating Committee (ULCCC) issued a plan, ‘Ulster Can Survive Unfettered’, for the setting up of an Independent Northern Ireland.
1982 – Sean Burns (21), Gervaise McKerr (31), and Eugene Toman (21), all members of the IRA, were shot dead by members of an undercover unit of RUC at a police check point on Tullygalley Road, Craigavon, Co Armagh. None of the three men were armed at the time of the shooting. This shooting incident, together with other similar incidents where unarmed Republican paramilitaries were shot dead led to claims that the security forces were engaged in a ‘shoot to kill’ policy. This claim was officially denied. The RUC claimed that the three men had driven through a vehicle check point. There were similar incidents on 24 November 1982 and 12 December 1982. Eventually the British government set up the Stalker inquiry (later taken over by Sampson) into the incidents.
1982 – The first sitting of the new Northern Ireland Assembly took place at Stormont, Belfast. The Social Democratic and Labour Party and Sinn Féin did not take up their seats.
1987 – The Cliffs of Moher are located at the southwestern edge of the Burren region in Co Clare. They rise 120 metres (390 ft) above the Atlantic Ocean at Hag’s Head and reach their maximum height of 214 metres (702 ft) just north of O’Brien’s Tower, eight kilometres to the north. Their sheer cragginess is mightily impressive. They were one of Ireland’s biggest tourist draw in 2006, with one million visitors. In cinema, the cliffs have appeared in several films: they doubled as the ‘Cliffs of Insanity’ in ‘The Princess Bride’ (released on this date in 1987), Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince (2009), and Leap Year (2010). The cliffs are mentioned in the Martin Scorsese film Bringing Out the Dead (1999) and are noted in the 2008 documentary Waveriders as the location of a large surfing wave known as “Aileens”.
1991 – Dublin City Council voted for a resolution not to allow Sinn Féin to use the Mansion House for its annual Ard Fheis. The reason given was SF’s support for the IRA.
1997 – Mary McAleese inaugurated as President of Ireland.
1998 – Paddy Clancy, Irish folk musician dies.
1998 – The announcement that Long Kesh prison in Co Antrim would close by the year 2000 if the Good Friday Agreement was fully implemented was greeted by anger by many Unionists. The closure of Long Kesh would have a large impact on security related jobs which are almost entirely held by Protestants.
1998 – President Mary McAleese, joined with Queen Elizabeth of England and King Albert of Belgium, at a ceremony in the Belgian village of Mesen (Messines Ridge) to commemorate the estimated 50,000 Irishmen (from north and south) who died during the first World War. The ceremony also marked the official opening of a peace tower (modelled on an Irish round tower) built by young people from the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland.
1999 – The peace process is on a knife-edge after Ulster Unionist leader David Trimble fails to get his Assembly members to support the latest proposals for a route to devolution.
1999 – Dublin confirms itself as Europe’s most vibrant music capital as an estimated 300 million people tune in to the sixth MTV Europe Music Awards live from The Point.
2000 – A massive fault on an ESB 110kv powerline results in a nationwide power surge, triggering the automatic shutdown sequence at the State’s only oil refinery.
2002 – IRA intelligence-gathering in Belfast is smashed open by one of the biggest police investigations in Northern Ireland in the last decade.
2002 – A huge temple, once surrounded by about 300 huge posts made from an entire oak forest, is discovered directly beneath the Hill of Tara in Co Meath.
2004 – Mary McAleese inaugurated as President of Ireland for second term.
2007 – The UDA issued a statement declaring an end to its armed campaign. The statement noted that they would retain their weapons but put them “beyond use”.
Photo: Carrigafoyle Castle, Ballylongford, Co Kerry
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