#OTD in Irish History – 30 September:

National Great Hunger Commemmoration Day

1430 – A great council meets at Dublin on this date; it states that Irish enemies and English rebels have conquered almost all of Limerick, Tipperary, Kilkenny, Wexford, Carlow, Kildare, Meath and Louth, so that hardly anything but Dublin remains in the colony.

1598 – The English poet Edmund Spenser is appointed Sheriff of Cork.

1691 – The first recorded meeting of the Presbyterian general synod of Ulster is held at Antrim.

1852 – Sir Charles Stanford, composer, music teacher, and conductor, is born to a well-off and highly musical family in Dublin.

1900 – Arthur Griffith forms Cumann na nGaedheal, which later becomes Sinn Féin.

1942 – In the house of Commons, Winston Churchill responded to parliamentary queries about “Armed raids from Eire” into Northern Ireland.

1943 – Ray Burke, Fianna Fáil TD, Minister for Foreign Affairs, Minister for Justice is born. Once one of the most powerful and domineering political forces in Ireland, Burke was forced to resign from his role as Foreign Affairs minister amidst claims of bribery and corruption from builders and developers. The government instituted Flood tribunal found that the former minister received corrupt payments from property developers and other business interests in the 1970s and 80s. In 2004, he pleaded guilty to tax evasion and was subsequently sentenced to six months in jail.

1943 – The US Navy commissions the destroyer The Sullivans. The ship commemorated the tragic five Sullivan brothers who were killed November 13 1942 after their ship USS Juneau was hit by a Japanese torpedo at the Battle of Guadalcanal. Only 10 of the almost 700 crew survived. The Sullivan brothers were descendants of an Irish immigrant.

1949 – Birth of Finance Minister, Charlie McGreevy.

1959 – World premiere of the Seán Ó Riada’s film Mise Éire, at Cork Film Festival.

1968 – Civil Rights Campaign; Derry March.

1971 – Ian Paisley and Desmond Boal launched the Ulster Democratic Unionist Party (DUP).

1972 – Five people died in separate incidents in Belfast. A sixth person died later as a result of injuries received on the day.

1981 – Birth of novelist, Cecelia Ahern, in Dublin. She has published several novels and contributed a number of short stories to various anthologies. Ahern also created and produced the ABC comedy Samantha Who? starring Christina Applegate. She is a face of Littlewoods Ireland.

1988 – An inquest held in Gibraltar decided that the Special Air Service (SAS) soldiers who shot dead three IRA members on 6 March 1988 had acted lawfully. There was conflicting evidence on whether or not the IRA members had been given a warning before being shot.

1990 – Martin Peake (17) and Karen Reilly (18), both Catholic civilians, were shot dead by British Army paratroopers in Belfast. The two teenagers were ‘joy riding’ in a stolen car. At the time it was claimed that the stolen car had failed to stop at an army check point and struck a member of the army foot patrol. Later it was revealed that the injuries suffered by the soldier were deliberately inflicted after the incident by another soldier. In June 1993 Lee Clegg, a private in the Parachute Regiment, was sentenced to life imprisonment. Clegg’s subsequent early release and return to his regiment caused uproar in the nationalist community.

1992 – The Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) returned to the resumed political talks (later known as the Brooke / Mayhew talks) at Stormont. The DUP attended this section of the talks because the main business was Articles 2 and 3 of the Irish Constitution. The DUP were criticised as having an ‘a la carte’ approach to the talks.

1994 – Michael Flannery, Irish patriot, dies in New York City. The fight of the Irish against the British was the great theme of Mr. Flannery’s life. As a boy of 14 in Ireland, he joined the Irish Volunteers and learned to fire a machine gun behind a monastery cloister. In 1970, after 43 years in the United States, he was one of the founders of the Irish Northern Aid Committee, which says it is a charitable organisation for the children of British political prisoners. Both the British and United States Governments have said it is an arms-smuggling organisation.

1995 – Sinn Féin held a special one-day conference to review the peace process in the RDS, Dublin, attended by approximately 800 members. The delegates supported the Sinn Féin leadership’s position that there was “no other”.

1997 – The parties involved in the talks at Stormont agreed the format for the substantive negotiations. The talks would take place in three strands. The first strand would deal with arrangements for government in Northern Ireland, the second would look at relationships between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland, and the third would look at the relationships between Britain and Ireland. The substantive talks were due to begin on 7 October 1997. Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, Marjorie (Mo) Mowlam, addressed the Labour Party’s annual conference and announced that internment would be removed from the statute books. Leader of the Conservative Party, William Hague, paid his first official visit to Northern Ireland but did not meet any political leaders.

1997 – U2 performs in Tel Aviv, Israel for the first time.

1998 – Chief Constable of the RUC, Ronnie Flanagan, announced that a number of British Army installations and check-points were to be demolished. There was a further series of releases under the terms of the Good Friday Agreement. Deputy leader of the Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP), Seamus Mallon, addressed a meeting of the Labour Party conference in Blackpool, England. Mallon, while acknowledging that there was no pre-condition to Sinn Féin’s (SF) entry into an Executive, nevertheless called on the IRA to make a confidence building gesture. President of SF, Gerry Adams, also addressed the meeting and stated that the row over decommissioning had the potential to wreck the Good Friday Agreement.

1998 – Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, Marjorie (Mo) Mowlam, holds out the prospect of troops being removed permanently from the streets of the North if paramilitary groups hand in their weapons.

1998 – Gerry Adams warns there must be no slippage in full implementation of the Good Friday settlement.

1998 – The first appearance together of David Trimble and Séamus Mallon on a Labour platform draws an enormous and spontaneous ovation from the 3,000 delegates attending the party conference in Blackpool.

1999 – The Director of Public Prosecutions (DPP) decided not to charge any RUC officer in connection with the killing of Robert Hamill following a beating he received on 29 April 1997. Hamill was severely beaten in a sectarian attack by a gang of up to 30 loyalists in the centre of Portadown, Co Armagh, and he died from head injuries on 8 May 1997. RUC officers were present close to the scene of the attack and were accused by witnesses and Hamill’s family of not intervening to save him.

1999 – The Rev. Ian Paisley meets with Taoiseach Bertie Ahern on the question of arson attacks on churches in the border area. The meeting was called to discuss a series of attacks that had occurred on Free Presbyterian churches in the border area.

1999 – The Northern Ireland Human Rights Commission (NIHRC) launched a three-year strategic plan, part of which was to involve the drafting of a Bill of Rights.

2001 – Ireland assumes presidency of the United Nation’s Security Council.

2001 – Thousands of Irish, New Yorkers and Irish-Americans pay tribute to the many Irish people who died in the 9/11 terrorist attacks. Bishop John Buckley of Cork celebrated the mass with the Bishop of Killaloe at the Roman Catholic Holy Trinity church in Manhattan.

2013 – Death of hurler, Michael (Micky) Walsh. Micky won a Kilkenny Senior Championship medal with Slieverue in 1954. He was a member of the 1957 Kilkenny team that won the All Ireland that year against Waterford and was also on the team defeated by Waterford in 1959. Micky subsequently moved to Waterford and played club hurling with Mount Sion. He was on the Waterford Senior side defeated by Kilkenny in the 1963 Final.

Photo: Carrickfergus Castle, Carrickfergus, Co Antrim

#irishhistory #ireland #irelandinspires

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Stair na hÉireann is steeped in Ireland's turbulent history, culture, ancient secrets and thousands of places that link us to our past and the present. With insight to folklore, literature, art, and music, you’ll experience an irresistible tour through the remarkable Emerald Isle.

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