#OTD in Irish History – 27 September:

World Tourism Day

1662 – An “act for encouraging Protestant strangers and others to inhabit and plant in the kingdom of Ireland” is passed in the Irish Parliament under Charles II.

1725 – Patrick Darcy, scientist and soldier, is born in Kitulla, Co Galway.

1739 – Birth of Francis Russell, Marquess of Tavistock. He was a politician and the eldest son of the 4th Duke of Bedford. From 1759 to 1761, he sat in the Irish House of Commons as Whig Member of Parliament for Armagh Borough and then in the British House of Commons for Bedfordshire until 1767.

1742 – Death of Hugh Boulter. He was the Church of Ireland Archbishop of Armagh, the Primate of All Ireland, from 1724 until his death. He also served as the chaplain to George I from 1719.

1879 – USHistory.org states “International cricket match at the grounds of the Germantown Cricket Club, near Wayne Station, between the Gentlemen of Ireland and a picked team of Philadelphia. Score: Irish Gentlemen, first inning, 58; second inning, 82; total, 140. Philadelphia, first and only inning, 149”.

1891 – Charles Stewart Parnell makes his last public appearance at Creggs, Co Galway.

1920 – Black and Tans burned the town centre of Trim, Co Meath.

1922 – The Free State’s Provisional Government puts the “Public Safety Bill” before the Dáil, setting up military courts which allow for the execution of men captured bearing arms against the state and aiding and abetting attacks on state forces. It passes by 48 votes to 18. The Irish Labour Party oppose it.

1922 – About 500 Anti-Treaty IRA men attack Killorglin, Co Kerry, led by Seán Hyde. However, they fail to dislodge a pro-treaty garrison of 60 men from Clare who hold the barracks in the town. British Intelligence reports that 23 Republicans are killed in the action and 30 wounded. Anti-Treaty soldier David Robinson admits to 2 killed, 15 wounded and 14 captured. The republicans disperse after 24 hours of fighting, when Free State troops arrive from Tralee.

1926 – Tim O’Keeffe, publisher, is born in Kinsale, Co Cork.

1954 – One of the greats of Dublin Gaelic Football, Brian Mullins is born in Dublin. The tough as teak midfielder won four all Ireland’s with Dublin between 1974-1983.

1957 – Launch of the Royal Showband.

1971 – Heath, Lynch and Faulkner meet for talks at Chequers.

1973 – The first in an annual series of ecumenical conferences is held at Ballymascanlon, Co Louth and is attended by representatives of al the main churches.

1976 – Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, Roy Mason, gave his first press conference since his appointment. In a statement he stressed the importance of trying to improve the Northern Ireland economy and in trying to reduce unemployment.

1981 – Taoiseach, Garret FitzGerald, gave an interview on RTÉ and set out his vision for a new Republic of Ireland in what became known as his ‘constitutional crusade’. The main theme of his ideas was to make the Republic of Ireland a society where the majority ethos would be expressed in a way so as to not alienate Protestants living in Northern Ireland.

1984 – There were serious disturbances at Long Kesh Prison involving Republican and Loyalist paramilitary prisoners. Eight Prison Officers and five prisoners were injured in the clashes.

1992 – Birth of singer-songwriter and former actor, Ryan O’Shaughnessy, in Skerries, Co Dublin. Best known for reaching the final of the sixth series of Britain’s Got Talent in May 2012, finishing in fifth place, as well as appearing on the first series of The Voice of Ireland.

1993 – The IRA exploded a large bomb, estimated at 300 lbs, in the centre of Belfast and caused extensive damage, as well as a second bomb, estimated at 500 lbs, in south Belfast.

1994 – The European Parliament passed a motion which called for all paramilitary groups in Northern Ireland to begin ceasefires.

1994 – Leader of the Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP), John Hume, was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize by the Socialist Group of the European Parliament.

1995 – In Strasbourg, the European Court of Human Rights ruled that the shooting on 6 March 1988 of three unarmed IRA members in Gibraltar by undercover members of the Special Air Service (SAS) breached the Human Rights Convention in relation to the right to life. The court found that the SAS killings were “unnecessary” and that the three IRA members could have been arrested. No damages were awarded, however, the British government was ordered to pay the legal costs of the families. On 24 December 1995 the British government paid £38,700 to cover the legal costs.

1998 – Tony Blair calls for a crisis meeting with David Trimble, Seamus Mallon and Gerry Adams to try to break the deadlock which has arisen over the decommissioning of arms.

1998 – Liam Neeson and Natasha Richardson announce they will donate a six-figure libel payout to a memorial fund for the victims of the Omagh bomb massacre.

1999 – Interlocutory hearings of the Bloody Sunday Inquiry took place in the Guildhall in Derry. The hearings were chaired by Lord Saville and discussed the issue of anonymity for up to 500 security force witnesses to the shootings on 30 January 1972. The first of the main hearings began on 27 March 2000.

1999 – The Tipperary Rural and Business Development Institute opens in Thurles, Co Tipperary.

2000 – Sinn Féin leader Gerry Adams accuses David Trimble of attempting to manufacture another artificial crisis in Northern Ireland.

2000 – Thirty-three years after it was made, censors lift the ban on a film adaptation of James Joyce’s epic novel Ulysses.

2001 – British Airways announces it is to close its Belfast-Heathrow route with 160 job losses. BA’s decision also means it will suspend its daily service to Gatwick from Shannon and Cork.

2001 – Entrepreneur Denis O’Brien is ordered to leave the Oireachtas committee inquiring into the CIE rail signalling project after telling Deputy Seán Doherty he is unfit to be its chairman.

2008 – Six nurses made history when they graduated from university and became the first in the HSE-South region to qualify to prescribe a specific range of drugs. Until this date, only doctors could prescribe the medications involved. But under a programme introduced in 2007, nurses working in midwifery, coronary care, A&E and other areas were able to prescribe medications from a specific category list.

Image | Clonmacnoise, Co Offaly | Fiachra Mangan Photography

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Stair na hÉireann is steeped in Ireland's turbulent history, culture, ancient secrets and thousands of places that link us to our past and the present. With insight to folklore, literature, art, and music, you’ll experience an irresistible tour through the remarkable Emerald Isle.