#OTD in Irish History – 22 September:

1601 – Battle of Kinsale.

1626 – Charles I offers twenty-six concessions (“graces”) to the Irish in return for subsidies to expand his army.

1798 – Colonel Trench marches from Castlebar and takes Ballina.

1821 – Patrick Moore, Confederate General, is born in Galway.

1864 – Col. James Mulligan, who commanded “Mulligan’s Irish Brigade,” dies of wounds sustained at the 3rd Battle of Winchester.

1875 – Death of Charles Bianconi. He was an Italo-Irish entrepreneur. Born Carlo Bianconi in Costa Masnaga (Italy) on 24 September 1786, he moved from an area poised to fall to Napoleon and travelled to Ireland in 1802, via England, just four years after the 1798 rebellion. At the time, British fear of continental invasion resulted in an acute sense of insecurity and additional restrictions on the admission of foreigners. He eventually became famous for his innovations in transport and was twice mayor of Clonmel, in Co Tipperary.

1884 – The gunboat HMS Wasp is wrecked off Tory Island, Co Donegal, with the loss of 52 lives; there are eight survivors.

1913 – 12,000 Ulster Volunteers parade at the Royal Ulster Agricultural Society’s show grounds at Balmoral (Belfast) in protest at the Home Rule Bill.

1913 – In Dublin the food ship, The Hare, arrives bringing forty tons of food raised by British trade unionists.

1920 – Six RIC men were killed by the IRA in an ambush at the Rineen Ambush, Co Clare. Resident Magistrate Lendrum was shot during an attempt to commandeer his car at a level crossing near Doonbeg, County Clare, by the IRA. His body was concealed in a lake, and returned to his family on their request. Following this, and the ambush earlier in the day, the Black and Tans took reprisals, killing six civilians in Milltown Malbay, Lahinch and Ennistymon, and burned twenty-six buildings, including the town halls in Lahinch and Ennistymon.

1922 – One National Army soldier is killed and several soldiers and three civilians are injured in a gun and grenade attack by Republicans on Free State troops at noon on Eden Quay, central Dublin.

1927 – Irish Americans Jack Dempsey and Gene Tunney fight for the World Heavyweight Title in a rematch at Soldier Field Chicago. The bout became famous for “The Long Count.” http://youtu.be/-OeeCfbahwQ

1928 – The first professional artist ever to appear on British television, Irishwoman Miss Peg O’Neil, gives “a charming entertainment, chatting and smiling, and telling Irish stories.” The broadcast takes place at Olympia on the first day of the Radio Exhibition.

1943 – Robert Ballagh, artist, is born in Dublin.

1957 – Death of Oliver Joseph St John Gogarty. He was an Irish poet, author, otolaryngologist, athlete, politician, and well-known conversationalist, who served as the inspiration for Buck Mulligan in James Joyce’s novel Ulysses.

1965 – Birth of Andrew James Cairns in Ballyclare, Co Antrim. He is a founding member, singer, guitarist, and songwriter for Therapy?, a punk rock/alternative metal band.

1975 – There was a series of bomb attacks on towns across Northern Ireland. The IRA claimed responsibility for some of the attacks thus putting further strain on the truce. Many commentators considered that the truce was effectively over by this time.

1978 – Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, Roy Mason, and Conservative Party spokesperson on Northern Ireland, Airey Neave, issued statements rebuffing call in Britain for a British withdrawal from Northern Ireland.

1978 – Birth of cricketer, Ed Joyce, in Dublin. Joyce has played for both the Irish and English national cricket teams. A left-handed batsman and occasional right-arm bowler of medium pace, Joyce is widely regarded as one of the best cricketers produced by Ireland.

1984 – Oliver Napier resigned as leader of the Alliance Party of Northern Ireland (APNI). His successor was John Cushnahan.

1989 – The IRA exploded a bomb in Deal Barracks (‘The Depot’), Kent, England, which killed ten musicans who were part of the staff band of the Royal Marines. Another Royal Marines musician died on 18 October 1989 from wounds received in the bombing. The explosion occurred at 8.22am in the concert hall on Canada Road which formed part of the Royal Marines’ School of Music.

1991 – About 50 Republican prisoners rioted in Crumlin Road Jail, Belfast, and tried to barricade off part of the prison. The Northern Ireland Office (NIO) said that the disturbances by Republican and Loyalist prisoners was part of a deliberate campaign to force the prison authorities to introduce segregation.

1994 – British Prime Minister, John Major, who was on a visit to Pretoria, said that there would be no amnesty for paramilitary prisoners.

1994 – Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, Patrick Mayhew, announced the opening of a further six cross-border roads.

1998 – RUC chief constable Ronnie Flanagan announces further reductions in the level of British troop patrols.

1998 – Taoiseach Bertie Ahern pushes for a decommissioning timetable from the IRA.

1999 – Ferry sailings resume following unofficial 24 hour strike action by SIPTU members which disrupted sailings out of Dublin and Rosslare, affecting almost 1,000 passengers.

2001 – High-ranking British and Spanish diplomats join President McAleese and Britain’s Prince Andrew to celebrate the 400th anniversary of the Battle of Kinsale.

2001 – Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, John Reid, restored devolved powers to the Northern Ireland Assembly at midnight. There were sectarian clashes in the Tiger’s Bay / North Queen Street area of Belfast. During the disturbances two blast bombs were thrown. There were no injuries.

2002 – David Trimble calls on all IRA members to quit the paramilitary organisation and join its political wing to save the Northern peace process.

2009 – Death of sculptor, Edward Delaney. Born in Claremorris, Co Mayo in 1930, his best known works include the 1967 statue of Wolfe Tone and Great Hunger memorial at the northeastern corner of St Stephen’s Green in Dublin and the statue of Thomas Davis in College Green, opposite Trinity College Dublin. These are both examples of lost-wax bronze castings, his main technique during the 1960s and early 1970s.

Photo: Fionn MacCumhaill and his Hounds, Newbridge, Co Kildare, Gerry Chaney Photography

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