#OTD in Irish History – 16 September:

1732 – Birth in Castletown, Co Clare of Thomas O’Gorman, physician, wine trader and courtier in France; made a chevalier by Louis XV.

1798 – United Irishmen Rebellion: Small French force under James Napper Tandy makes brief landing on Rutland Island, Co Donegal.

1798 – Belfast United Irish leaders arrested.

1808 – William Trench, land agent and author, is born near Portarlington, Co Laois.

1830 – Birth in Leighlinbridge, Co Carlow of Patrick Moran, Archbishop of Sydney, first Australian cardinal, and church historian.

1845 – Death of Thomas Osborne Davis. He was a revolutionary Irish writer who was the chief organiser and poet of the Young Ireland movement. Thomas Davis was born in the town of Mallow in Co Cork. He studied in Trinity College, Dublin, and received an Arts degree, precursory to his being called to the Irish Bar in 1838.

1865 – Fenian newspaper, Irish People, ceases publication.

1870 – Birth of nationalist politician, John Pius Boland, in Dublin. He served as a Member of Parliament (MP) in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and as member of the Irish Parliamentary Party for South Kerry 1900–1918. He was also noteworthy as a gold medallist tennis player at the first modern Olympics.

1903 – Irish author Frank O’Connor is born Michael Francis O’Connor O’Donovan in Co Cork.

1906 – Trevor G. McVeagh, cricket, hockey, squash and tennis player, is born in Athboy, Co Meath.

1920 – British double agent John Henry Gooding aka F. Digby Hardy offers to betray his superior Basil Thomson to the IRA. It is unknown if the offer was genuine or part of a trap for Michael Collins; exposed by Irish press as an ex-convict; forger and bigamist, Gooding admits his past and scores a propaganda victory for the IRA; he is allowed to flee Ireland unharmed and dies of natural causes in 1930.

1922 – Michael Kilroy’s Anti-Treaty IRA men attack Newport, Co Mayo, but fail to take it and withdraw after a day of fighting.

1922 – The IRA mounts three gun and grenade attacks in Dublin city, at Curzon Street, Capel Street and Drumcondra. Two Free Stare troops are wounded along with 5 civilians. One Civilian is killed.

1925 – Charles Haughey, Fianna Fáil leader and seventh Taoiseach of Ireland, is born in Castlebar, Co Mayo.

1934 – Singer, guitarist and founder of the Dubliners, Ronnie Drew, is born in Dublin.

1941 – Sixteen soldiers are killed in the Glen of Imaal, Co Wicklow, while testing mines.

1945 – World renowned Irish tenor, John McCormack, dies in Dublin. https://youtu.be/FQYIEfrHak8

1958 – Birth of Maura O’Connell. She is an Irish singer and actress. She is known for her contemporary interpretations of Irish folk songs, strongly influenced by American country music.

1961 – Hurricane Debbie hits Ireland.

1971 – A number of Unionists resigned over the proposed tripartite talks involving Northern Ireland, Britain, and the Republic of Ireland.

1974 – Public Records (Released 1 January 2005): Memo from Secretary of Sate for Northern Ireland, Merlyn Rees, to British Prime Minister, Harold Wilson. The memo is entitled ‘Northern Ireland: Extremist Groups’. The memo begins by mentioning the efforts of the Northern Ireland Office (NIO) to promote contacts between Loyalist and Republican paramilitary groups.

1991 – Sinn Féin Councillor, Bernard O’Hagan, was shot dead by the Ulster Freedom Fighters (UFF), a cover name (pseudonym) used by the Ulster Defence Association (UDA), at his place of work, Magherafelt College of Further Education, Co Derry.

1993 – John Hume, leader of the Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP), travelled to Downing Street, London, for a meeting with British Prime Minister, John Major. Following the meeting Hume stated that he did not “give two balls of roasted snow” for those who were criticising his continuing talks with President of Sinn Féin, Gerry Adams.

1994 – The British government lifts the broadcasting ban imposed against members of Sinn Féin and Irish paramilitary groups in 1988. The broadcasting ban had been introduced on 19 October 1988.

1995 – President of Sinn Féin, Gerry Adams, returned from a week-long visit to the United States. During his visit he met with Vice-President, Al Gore, and National Security Adviser, Anthony Lake. It was revealed that Friends of Sinn Féin had raised almost $900,000 between 24 February 1995 and 30 June 1995.

1998 – Irish-owned Musgrave Group becomes the biggest food distribution company in the country after signing an historic franchise deal with supermarket chain Roches Stores.

1998 – Books of condolences opened in the aftermath of the Omagh tragedy are closed. More than 150,000 people from across Northern Ireland are estimated to have signed the books.

1999 – There was forensic evidence presented to the Bloody Sunday Inquiry which indicated that Jim Wray, one of those killed on 30 January 1972, had been shot in the back as he lay wounded on the ground.

Photo: Knocktopher Abbey, Co Kilkenny, © Aoife Mac Photography

#irishhistory #ireland #irelandinspires

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Stair na hÉireann is steeped in Ireland's turbulent history, culture, ancient secrets and thousands of places that link us to our past and the present. With insight to folklore, literature, art, and music, you’ll experience an irresistible tour through the remarkable Emerald Isle.