#OTD in Irish History – 13 August:

1649 – Oliver Cromwell sets sail for Ireland and the commencement of one the most vicious military campaigns inflicted on Ireland.

1689 – The Duke of Schomberg lands at Groomsport with his 10,000 strong Williamite army.

1819 – Birth of Sir George Gabriel Stokes, mathematician and physicist, in Skreen, Co Sligo.

1846 – Birth of Otto Jaffe in Hamburg. Otto was the first non-Protestant to hold the office of Lord Mayor of Belfast — he was Jewish.

1857 – Birth of Mary Ellen “Ella” Quinlan – Mother of Eugene O’Neill. Ella married Kilkenny born actor James O’Neill in 1877. Eugene was born one year later. In O’Neill’s semi-autobiographical tome Long Day’s Journey into Night, his mother is represented by a lonely and disillusioned Mrs. Tyrone.

1881 – First issue of United Ireland, Parnellite weekly.

1887 – Special committee appointed to investigate Parnell’s ties to Phoenix Park murders.

1898 – The first issue of Workers’ Republic.

1947 – The Health Act extends the powers of county councils and provides maternity care.

1958 – Birth of Feargal Sharkey, an Irish singer, who first found fame as the lead vocalist of pop punk band The Undertones, famous for the hit single “Teenage Kicks”. Since the end of his recording career he has worked in the business side of music and held several leadership roles in the music industry.

1969 – Serious rioting spreads across Northern Ireland from Derry to other Catholic areas stretching the RUC. The rioting deteriorated into sectarian conflict between Catholics and Protestants and many people, the majority being Catholics, were forced from their homes.

1969 – Taoiseach, Jack Lynch, made a television address in which he announced that ‘field hospitals’ would be set up in border areas. He went on to say that: “the present situation is the inevitable outcome of the policies pursued for decades by successive Stormont governments. It is clear also that the Irish government can no longer stand by and see innocent people injured and perhaps worse.”

1971 – Four days after the introduction of internment, Joe Cahill, Commanding Officer of the IRA in Belfast holds an intriguing press conference. http://youtu.be/dK7E56wm56Y

1974 – Death of writer, Kate O’Brien.

1975 – The IRA carried out a bomb and gun attack on the Bayardo Bar, Shankill Road, Belfast, killing five people and injuring 40 others.

1986 – Gerard O’Reilly, being held awaiting extradition from the Republic of Ireland, was freed from a Dublin court following an error in the extradition warrant.

1995 – President of Sinn Féin, Gerry Adams, addressed a demonstration at Belfast City Hall. During his speech a member of the crowd called out to Adams to, “bring back the IRA”. In an unscripted reply Adams said: “They haven’t gone away, you know”. Although cheered by the crowd Adams was criticised for the remark. Unionists and the British government said that the remark highlighted the need for the decommissioning of IRA weapons. Since it was first uttered, the comment has been referred to repeatedly by critics of SF and the Good Friday Agreement.

1998 – National Chairperson of Sinn Féin, Mitchel McLaughlin, issued a statement urging anyone with information about any of the ‘missing persons’ who disappeared during the course of the conflict to make that information available. This statement was seen by many as having come about because of pressure on SF by relatives of people who had been abducted and never seen again.

1999 – A new set of 30p stamps is issued by An Post to honour the Gaelic Football team of the Millennium. It depicts the members of the An Post-GAA official Gaelic Football Team of the Millennium as chosen by a panel of experts.

1999 – Former MP, Bernadette McAliskey, spoke at a rally held on the lower Ormeau Road in advance of the planned Apprentice Boys of Derry march. She said that: “marching is not a human right – for Orangemen or Republicans”.

2000 – The RUC promises an increased profile at sectarian flashpoints in Belfast after a large-scale attack on Catholic houses further heightens tensions.

2001 – Three Irish men were arrested at Bogotá Airport in Colombia, South America, for travelling on false documents. Colombian authorities reported that two of the men were travelling on false British passports while the third man was using a false Irish passport. There was speculation that the three men were members of the PIRA. It was reported that the men had been in an area of the country that was under the control of left-wing guerrillas. There was further media speculation that the men had been involved in helping to train some of the guerrillas. The men were later identified as Niall Connolly, who had lived in Cuba for a number of years, James Monaghan, formerly a member of the Sinn Féin ardcomhairle, and Martin McCauley, who had been an election worker for Sinn Féin in Armagh.

Photo: Poisoned Glen, Co Donegal, Fiachra Mangan Photography

#irish #history #Ireland #irelandinspires

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