The Young Irelander Rebellion (sometimes called “Famine Rebellion” or the Battle of Ballingarry of 1848). It took place during the Great Irish Hunger (1845-1849) or ‘Battle of the Widow MacCormack’s cabbage garden’) was a failed uprising of the Young Ireland political movement, which took place on 29 July 1848 in the village of Ballingarry, Co Tipperary.
William Smith O’Brien, Thomas Francis Meagher, Terence Bellew McManus and Patrick O’Donohue are arrested, convicted of high treason and sentenced to death in September/October. Sentences are commuted and the rebels became heroes particularly following their transportation in June, 1849 to Van Diemen’s Land.
After the collapse of the rebellion, James Stephens and John O’Mahony went to the Continent to avoid arrest. In Paris they supported themselves by teaching and translation work and planned the next stage of “the fight to overthrow British rule in Ireland.” In 1856 O’Mahony went to America and founded the Fenian Brotherhood in 1858. Stephens returned to Ireland and in Dublin on St Patrick’s Day 1858, following an organising tour through the length and breadth of the country, founded the Irish counterpart of the American Fenians, the Irish Republican Brotherhood.