1585 – Death of Nicholas Walsh, Bishop of Ossory. The son of Patrick Walsh, Bishop of Waterford, Nicholas Walsh was consecrated a priest in 1567. He introduced prayer-books and catechisms printed in Irish. He was appointed Chancellor of St. Patrick’s Cathedral in 1571. Starting in 1573, Walsh worked on translating the New Testament into Irish. Walsh’s efforts came to an end when he was murdered in Kilkenny in 1585. He was succeeded in this effort by John Kearney. The work was subsequently completed by Uilliam Ó Domhnaill (William Daniell).
1715 – Irish-born Thomas Dongan, soldier and colonial governor of New York, dies in Ireland.
1791 – Charles Wolfe, poet and clergyman, is born in Blackhall, Co Kildare.
1822 – A ‘bottle riot’ takes place on this date. Missiles are thrown at the vice-regal box during a performance in a Dublin theatre as a result of Wellesley banning celebrations in memory of William III.
1831 – A Proctor and 13 Constables are killed by tithe protesters at Carrickshock, Co Kilkenny.
1900 – Maud Gonne and Paul Kruger (former president of the Transvaal) are offered the freedom of Limerick by the city council.
1918 – The UK general election was called immediately after the Armistice with Germany which ended World War I. The election was also noted for the dramatic result in Ireland, which showed clear disapproval towards government policy. The Irish Parliamentary Party were almost completely wiped out by the hardline Sinn Féin republicans. In Ireland, the Irish Parliamentary Party lost almost all their seats, most of which were won by Sinn Féin under Éamon de Valera. Sinn Féin, won 73 of 105 Irish MP seats. Winners included, Constance Markievicz, who became the first woman elected to the Parliament of England. The Dáil first convened on 21 January 1919, which marked the beginning of the Irish War of Independence.
1920 – Passenger services suspended on the Cavan and Leitrim Railway, until 1921, due to the refusal of drivers and enginemen to carry the Black and Tans on trains at Mohill and Ballinamore, leading to the arrest and internment of railway employees.
1920 – Attack on Auxiliaries at Ballsbridge Post Office by members of the 3rd Battalion Dublin Brigade IRA.
1921 – Dáil Éireann begins Anglo-Irish treaty debate.
1955 – Ireland was admitted to the United Nations along with 16 other sovereign states. Frederick Boland was appointed as its first ambassador.
1958 – Birth of Peter ‘Spider’ Stacy. He is an English musician. He is one of the founding members of The Pogues.
1960 – Aer Lingus entered the jet age when it received three Boeing 720 for use on the New York route and the newest destination, Boston.
1965 – An Anglo-Irish free trade agreement is signed; the UK and Ireland undertake to establish a free trade area by the mid-1970s.
1972 – Birth of actor, Jason Barry, in Dublin. Best known for his portrayal of Tommy Ryan in the 1997 blockbuster Titanic. He also starred in The Still Life for which he won numerous awards. Jason has recently had a recurring role as a member of the Continuity IRA in the 3rd and 4th Seasons of the Irish crime series Love/Hate.
1973 – Birth of former professional basketball player, Pat Burke, in Dublin. Burke (whose family moved to the US when he was three years old). He became the first Irish born player in NBA history when he signed a contract with the Orlando Magic in 2002. He was a co-captain of the Irish national basketball team and also represented his country at the World University Games.
1982 – Garrett FitzGerald succeeds Charles Haughey as Taoiseach.
1995 – Jack Charlton quits as Ireland manager.
1998 – Farmers are to be banned from feeding antibiotic enhanced animal feed to pigs and poultry amid fears that drug residues in meat are a health risk for humans.
2001 – Euro kits distributed by the Central Bank go on sale in post offices throughout the country. Demand for the packs, consisting of 19 coins and priced at £5 (€6.35), is brisk, with nearly all the big towns and cities selling out by evening.
2001 – Garda technical experts examine 180 rounds of ammunition found on the outskirts of Cork city which they believe may be connected to the Real IRA.
2013 – Death of actor, Peter O’Toole. Born in Connemara, Co Galway, he attended the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art, and began working in the theatre, gaining recognition as a Shakespearean actor at the Bristol Old Vic and with the English Stage Company, before making his film debut in 1959.
Photo: ‘Bearnagh Mist’, View from the summit of Slieve Bearnagh, Mourne Mountains, Co Down, Hibernia Landscapes by Stephen Wallace
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