Today in Irish History – 9 November:

1711 – The first Irish parliament of Queen Anne is dissolved.

1791 – Napper Tandy convenes the first meeting of Dublin’s United Irishmen.

1875 – Birth of Sir Hugh Percy Lane. He is best known for establishing Dublin’s Municipal Gallery of Modern Art (the first known public gallery of modern art in the world) and for his remarkable contribution to the visual arts in Ireland. He died on board the RMS Lusitania.

1893 – Birth of Liam Lynch. He was an officer in the Irish Republican Army during the Irish War of Independence and the commanding general of the Anti-Treaty Irish Republican Army during the Irish Civil War.

1919 – James Larkin Arrested in New York.

1922 – Anti-Treaty fighters in Dublin attack Portobello barracks. One Anti-Treaty fighter is killed.

1922 – William Ahearne shot as an alleged spy by the Anti-Treaty IRA and dumped in Bishopstown, Cork.

1922 – A Free State sergeant is accidentally shot by a sentry in Cahersiveen, Kerry.

1922 – There are simultaneous night attacks on Wellington and Portobello barracks in Dubin by Anti-Treaty fighters. In 20 minutes of firing, one Free State soldier is hit in the head. Two civilians are found shot dead in Rathmines, near Portobello – it is presumed killed in the crossfire.

1926 – Birth in Dublin of Hugh Leonard, pseudonym of John Keyes Byrne, playwright.

1935 – Nineteen Donegal islanders are drowned when their currach founders.

1957 – Death of Peter O’Connor. He was an Irish athlete who set a long-standing world record for the long jump and won two Olympic medals in the 1906 Games.

1960 – Robert McNamara is named president of Ford Motor Co., the first non-Ford to serve in that post. A month later, he quit to join the newly-elected John F. Kennedy administration.

1960 – John Fitzgerald Kennedy elected President of the United States of America.

1966 – Jack Lynch becomes leader of Fianna Fáil.

1999 – Ireland’s most accomplished mountaineer, Pat Falvey, conquers Ama Dablam in the Himalayas.

2000 – The largest prison outside Dublin, the Midlands Prison in Portlaoise, goes into operation. It was built at a cost of £43m and boasts the most advanced technology and the highest standards of prisoner accommodation in the State.

2000 – Martin McGuinness accuses David Trimble and Ulster Unionist cabinet colleagues of jeopardising the Good Friday Agreement’s political institutions with their ban in a bid to force progress on IRA disarmament.

2014 – Death of Fianna Fáil politician, Joe Walsh. Born in Ballineen, Co Cork, he was a Teachta Dála (TD) for Cork South–West and was first elected as a TD at the 1977 general election. He lost his seat in 1981 but regained it again in 1982 and served as a TD until retiring at the 2007 general election. He served as Minister for Agriculture and Food on two occasions (1992–1994 and 1997–2004).

Photo: Ardmore Round Tower, College Rd, Ardmore, Co Waterford

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