Today in Irish History – 3 November:

In the Liturgical calendar, today is the Feast day of Maél Máedoc Úa Morgair, St. Malachy of Armagh.

1380 – Edmund Mortimer, 6th Earl of Ulster, holds a parliament at Dublin, which confirms the Statutes of Kilkenny.

1692 – The only session of the exclusively Protestant Irish parliament of William III and Mary ends on this date.

1717 – Henry Luttrell, soldier and suspected betrayer of the Jacobites, is assassinated in Dublin.

1788 – Thomas Steele, landlord and supporter of Daniel O’Connell is born in Derrymore, Co Clare.

1796 – First court sittings at the Four Courts, Dublin.

1815 – Birth in Dungiven, Co Derry of John Mitchel, patriot and founder of the newspaper the United Irishman.

1846 – Cork Examiner Reports on ‘The Great Hunger’ Deaths.

1850 – Death of American politician, William E. Shannon. Born in Ballina, Co Mayo, he passed the New York State Bar, was commissioned as a Captain in the United States Army, and given command of “Company J” of the 1st Regiment of New York Volunteers, which arrived in San Francisco on the Susan Drew on March 20, 1847 to take part in the so-called California Conquest campaign of the Mexican-American War. After his military service, he served as mayor of Coloma, California, then was elected to the State Senate, where he stood out as a staunch abolitionist, reportedly having “secured the declaration in California’s Bill of Rights that neither slavery or involuntary servitude, unless for the punishment of crimes, shall ever be tolerated in this state.”

1854 – The Catholic University of Ireland is opened with J. H. Newman as its first rector.

1903 – Tomas O Fiaich, Irish language author and Cardinal-Archbishop of Armagh is born.

1917 – Birth of Conor Cruise O’Brien, diplomat, political commentator and writer.

1920 – Two RIC officers killed in separate incidents in Tipperary and Sligo.

1922 – Tom Powell and his East Mayo Anti-Treaty IRA unit are captured in Ballinrobe, Co Mayo.

1922 – Republicans attack Free State General Richard Mulcahy’s official residence adjoining a military barracks in Portobello, Dublin. A grenade is thrown into the house and fire is opened with revolvers before troops from the barracks are mobilised. and One Anti-Treaty fighter is shot dead.

1922 – A Free State soldier and a civilian are killed in a car accident at North Wall, Dublin.

1923 – Birth of Tomás Ó Fiaich in Cullyhanna, Co Armagh. He served as the Roman Catholic Archbishop of Armagh and Primate of All Ireland from 1977 until his death. He was created a Cardinal in 1979.

1932 – Birth in Rooskey, Co Roscommon of Albert Reynolds, politician and businessman, Fianna Fáil leader and Taoiseach from 1992-1994.

1943 – Query raised in Dáil Éireann by Oliver Flanagan about participation in a ‘foreign army.’

1969 – Introduction of the breathalyser into Ireland.

1971 – Birth of comedian, writer, actor and filmmaker, Dylan William Moran. He is best known for his sardonic observational comedy, the UK television sitcom Black Books (in which he co-wrote and starred) and his work with Simon Pegg in Shaun of the Dead and Run Fatboy Run. He appeared as one of the two lead characters in the Irish black comedy titled A Film with Me in It in 2008.

1999 – A two-shilling book of Irish stamps, forgotten since being bought in the 1930s, is set to fetch £1000 at auction. The stamps – six at two pence, nine at a penny and six at a halfpenny – were almost certainly bought for use when they were purchased some time between 1931 and 1940.The orange coloured front cover bears the word STAMPAI and an advert proclaiming: McCairns for Vauxhalls and Bedfords, Showrooms, 2 Dawson Street, Dublin.

1999 – Former US Senator George Mitchell says he has no intention of imposing a deadline on the peace negotiations with Northern Ireland’s political leaders.

2000 – Sinn Féin is given the go ahead to legally challenge David Trimble’s contentious ban on the party’s ministers attending North South Ministerial Council meetings.

2000 – The country’s first graduates of Science in Electronics Manufacturing are conferred with their degrees.

2000 – The first All Ireland Food Safety Campaign is launched. It is aimed at reducing the number of food poisoning cases on both sides of the border.

Photo: Old Thatched house near Crohy Head, Donegal, Gary McParland Landscape Photography

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