1582 – Pope Gregory reforms the calendar introduced by Julius Caesar in 45BCE: 4 October is followed by 15 October. However, the reform will not be implemented in Britain and Ireland till 1752.
1690 – After taking Cork on 28 September, Marlbourough takes Kinsale for the Williamites, who now control Munster.
1763 – Birth of United Irish leader, Lord Edward Fitzgerald at Carton House in Co Kildare.
1842 – First issue of “The Nation” published.
1858 – John L. Sullivan nicknamed ‘The Boston Strong Boy’ is born in Roxbury, Massachussetts to Irish immigrants, Michael Sullivan from Abbeydorney, Co Kerry and Catherine Neé Kelly from Athlone.
1922 – The Public Safety Bill comes into effect. The bill called for people to hand over their weapons in a brief amnesty, after which time the possession of arms could be punishable by execution. This led to the summary executions of captured Anti-Treaty fighters.
1922 – Directives are sent to the press by Free State director of communications, Piaras Béaslaí to the effect that; Free State troops are to be referred to as the “National Army”, the “Irish Army”, or just “troops”. The Anti-Treaty side are to called “Irregulars” and are not to be referred to as “Republicans”, “IRA”, “forces”, or “troops”, nor are the ranks of their officers allowed to be given. No letters about the treatment of Anti-Treaty prisoners are to be published. The words “attacked, commandeered and arrested” as used to describe their actions are to be replaced by, “fired at, seized and kidnapped”.
1944 – Birth of politician, David Trimble, in Bangor Co Down. He served as Leader of the Ulster Unionist Party (UUP; 1995-2005), was the first ‘First Minister’ of Northern Ireland (1998-2002), and was a Member of the British Parliament (1990-2005). He is currently a life peer for the Conservative Party. Trimble was awarded the 1998 Nobel Peace Prize, along with John Hume.
1948 – Birth of Chris de Burgh (born Christopher in Venado Tuerto, Argentina, to Colonel Charles Davison, a British diplomat, and Maeve Emily de Burgh, an Irish secretary) is an Irish musician and songwriter. He grew up in Bargy Castle, Co Wexford. He is most famous for his 1986 love song “The Lady in Red”.
1949 – Death of Eoin MacNeill, Irish historian and founder of the Irish Volunteers.
1954 – Birth of Gerry Cott (in Dublin) was a guitarist and songwriter with the Irish new wave band, The Boomtown Rats. He started playing flamenco guitar when he was 11 years old. In 1966 he saw Bob Dylan performing live in Dublin and the experience influenced him radically.
1957 – Birth of Jon Kenny (in Co Limerick) lives in Lough Gur and is one half of the famous Irish comic duo d’Unbelievables with Pat Shortt. They were a very successful duo until 2000, releasing One Hell of a Video, D’Unbelievables, D’Video, D’Telly, D’Mother and D’collection but the group stopped touring after Kenny was diagnosed with Hodgkin’s lymphoma. He has since made a successful recovery and still performs shows across Ireland. Kenny is best known outside Ireland for appearing in the Channel 4 sitcom Father Ted (as Michael the cinema owner in “The Passion of St Tibulus” and as presenter Fred Rickwood in “Song For Europe”).
1963 – Just months after JFK visited Ireland, Seán Lemass visits the White House.
1964 – UK general election; unionists win all 12 Northern Ireland seats; Harold Wilson forms a Labour government.
1980 – Ronnie Bunting, Protestant Irish nationalist and socialist activist, is assassinated. Several gunmen entered Bunting’s home in the Downfine Gardens area of Andersonstown, shooting Bunting, his wife Suzanne and another INLA man, Noel Lyttle. Suzanne Bunting survived, but her husband and Lyttle were killed. The attack was claimed by the Ulster Defence Association (UDA) but the INLA claimed the Special Air Service were involved. Upon his death, Bunting’s body was kept in a funeral parlour on the Newtownards Road opposite the headquarters of the UDA. On the day of the funeral, as the coffin was being removed, UDA members jeered from their building. The IRSP had wanted a republican paramilitary-style funeral for Bunting but his father refused and had Bunting buried in the family plot of a Church of Ireland cemetery near Donaghadee.
1995 – Seamus Heaney wins the Nobel Prize for literature.
1999 – Death of ‘The Singing Bobby’ – Irish tenor, Josef Locke. He was successful in the United Kingdom and Ireland in the 1940s and 1950s. Born in Derry, he was the son of a butcher and cattle dealer, and one of nine children. He started singing in local churches in the Bogside at the age of seven. On 22 March 2005, a bronze memorial to Locke was unveiled outside the City Hotel on Queen’s Quay in Derry by Phil Coulter and John Hume. The memorial was designed by Terry Quigley.
2001 – Palestinian President Yasser Arafat asks Ireland to use its influence on the UN Security Council to help resume peace talks in the Middle East.
2002 – Following the suspension of the Northern Ireland Government and Assembly, London resumes direct rule of Northern Ireland.
2002 – The hero of the Polish Solidarity movement, Lech Walesa, makes an impassioned plea to the Irish people to vote Yes to Nice.
Photo: Maghery, Lough Neagh, Co Armagh, Northern Ireland Photography
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