Today in Irish History – 1 October (Deireadh Fómhair):

1600 – Robert Grave, Church of Ireland Bishop of Ferns and Leighlin, and his family drown in Dublin Bay on their way home to Wexford by sea.

1796 – The Royal College of St. Patrick, a Catholic seminary, is opened in Maynooth, Co. Kildare.

1751 – Cornelius Bolton, politician, Volunteer and improving landlord is born.

1761 – In the climate of sectarian tension created partly by the Mathew-Maude controversy, the Whiteboys, a violent agrarian protest movement, begins in Tipperary and spreads through Munster and West Leinster.

1796 – The Royal College of St. Patrick a Catholic seminary, is opened in Maynooth, Co Kildare.

1908 – The Model T is launched and would go onto sell more than 15 million units. Henry Ford’s father William Ford was born in County Cork and was one of many to emigrate from Ireland due to poverty and starvation. Ford visited Ireland in 1912, 65 years after his dad had emigrated, and again in 1917 when he established the Ford plant in Cork city. Ford did not forget his Irish roots. He named his Dearborn home Fair Lane after the area of Cork where his maternal grandfather came from. The Ford plant in Cork would finally close in 1984.

1911 – Statue of Charles Stewart Parnell is unveiled in Dublin.

1917 – Death of Cahal Brendan Daly. Born in Loughguile, Co Antrim, Daly was a philosopher, theologian, writer and international speaker and, in later years, a Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. Daly served as the Roman Catholic Archbishop of Armagh and Primate of All Ireland from late 1990 to 1996, the oldest man to take up this role for nearly 200 years. He was later created a Cardinal-Priest of S. Patrizio by Pope John Paul II in the consistory of 28 June 1991. His death in 2009 brought to an end a two-year period during which Ireland had, for the first times in its history, three living Cardinals. Considered “the hierarchy’s foremost theologian”, he strongly criticised the IRA throughout his episcopal ministry. Daly had many published works and was known for his views on philosophy, theology and on the Northern Ireland situation, attracting global acclaim for his part in helping to write the speech Pope John Paul II used on his 1979 visit to Drogheda to ask for an end to violence on the island.

1930 – Actor Richard Harris is born in Limerick.

1975 – Muhammad Ali defeats Joe Frazier in the Thrilla in Manila, third and most brutal bout between two great boxers. The great fighter visited Ennis, Co Clare – his ancestral home – in 2009. Ali twice fought and defeated “Irish” Jerry Quarry in the early 70’s.

1979 – RTÉ broadcasts Pope John Paul II’s visit to Ireland.

2000 – Eight men, including one Irishman, are feared dead after their fishing vessel sinks off the Clare coast in gale force winds and treacherous seas.

2000 – President Mary McAleese leads the tributes to the Apostolic Nuncio, Archbishop Luciano Storero, who died at 8am this morning in the Mater Hospital in Dublin at the age of 74.

2001 – Journalists from all over Ireland gather to pay tribute to colleague Martin O’Hagan who was gunned down last week. More than 1,500 people attend his funeral in his hometown of Lurgan, Co Armagh.

2001 – The Black & White Pub of The Year Award 2001 goes to Fitzpatrick’s Bar of Jenkinstown, Co Louth.

Photo: Three Castle Head, Dunlough, West Cork, RR Photography

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