#OTD in Irish History – 1 September (Meán Fómhair):

1737 – Launch of the Belfast News Letter, now the oldest surviving newspaper in Ireland or Britain, and one of the oldest in the world.

1729 – Death of dramatist, essayist and publisher Sir Richard Steele, the Dubliner who founded The Tatler and The Spectator.

1789 – Marguerite Power Farmer Gardiner, Countess of Blessington; author, is born near Clonmel, Co Tipperary.

1814 – Birth of James O’Flanagan, author, in Fermoy, Co Cork.

1830 – Dublin Zoo opened.

1830 – The “Wild Colonial Boy” is shot dead in a gun battle with police at Cambelltown, Sydney. Contrary to the popular song, “The Wild Colonial Boy” was John Donohue, transported from Ireland in 1824.

1856 – Birth of Irish Nationalist Party leader John Redmond in Ballytrent, Co Wexford.

1861 – The 10th Tennessee Infantry Regiment enters Confederate service. Company D was known as the Rebel Sons of Erin because so many of them were Irish. The regiment was led by Randall McGavock whose parents had emigrated from Ireland in the 1820s. McGavock features strongly in the memoirs of Galway born Patrick Griffin, who entered service as a seventeen year old and was a loyal aide and friend to McGavock. Song of The Irish Brigade: http://youtu.be/aWB7_o6x6DA

1864 – Roger Casement, British consular official and Irish nationalist, is born in Sandycove, Co Dublin.

1870 – Isaac Butt founds the Home Government Association; Home Rule is now the objective of constitutional nationalists.

1913 – Protest by locked-out workers leads to serious riots in Dublin. Shops are looted and attempts made to tear up tram lines.

1920 – Two RIC men were killed in an ambush by East Mayo and South Sligo IRA brigades, at Ratra near Frenchpark, Co Roscommon. One volunteer died in the action; Black and Tans mutilated his body and dragged it through the streets of Ballaghaderreen.

1922 – A civilian, Livingstone Cooke, is shot dead by gunmen thought to be anti-Treaty IRA men, at Old Blackrock Road, Cork City.

1975 – Five Protestant civilians (all Orangemen) were killed and seven were wounded in a gun attack on Tullyvallen Orange Hall near Newtownhamilton, Co Armagh. One of the Orangemen was an off-duty RUC officer, who returned fire. The attack was claimed by the South Armagh Republican Action Force (SARAF), who said it was retaliation for “the assassinations of fellow Catholics in Belfast”.

1976 – Blanket protests began in Long Kesh prison, in protest at the end of special category status. The term ‘blanket protest’ comes from the protesters refusal to wear prison uniforms, instead wrapping blankets around themselves.

1981 – Northern Ireland’s first religiously integrated secondary school opened.

1999 – Van Morrison beomes the first inductee to The Hot Press Irish Music Hall of Fame.

1999 – Five-year-old triplets Jake, Melissa and Denis Doherty from Knockanes, Headford, Co Kerry, arrive for their first day at school in Knockanes National School.

2000 – The number of people out of work falls to an 18-year low.

2000 – The resumption of normal train services to Westport, Co Mayo is celebrated with a platform party. Bemused but delighted passengers are greeted with delicacies and glasses of champagne laid on by the local Atlantic Coast Hotel, one of hundreds of establishments in the Mayo region hit financially by the 10 week rail stoppage.

2002 – Hugh Orde, Northern Ireland’s new chief constable vows to crack down on paramilitary “godfathers” who have orchestrated a series of unsolved sectarian murders.

Image | Benevenagh Mountain, Co Derry | Hibernia Landscapes by Stephen Wallace

#irishhistory #ireland #irelandinspires

 

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Stair na hÉireann is steeped in Ireland's turbulent history, culture, ancient secrets and thousands of places that link us to our past and the present. With insight to folklore, literature, art, and music, you’ll experience an irresistible tour through the remarkable Emerald Isle.