Today in Irish History – 10 August:

1316 – Battle of Athenry: Irish rising in support of Edward the Bruce of Scotland.

1636 – The Annals of the Four Masters is completed. The Annals of the Kingdom of Ireland (Annala Rioghachta Éireann) or the Annals of the Four Masters (Annala na gCeithre Mháistrí) are a chronicle of medieval Irish history. The entries span from the deluge, dated as 2242 years after creation to AD 1616.

1719 – The House of Commons proposes that all unregistered priests in Ireland should be branded on the cheek. The plan is ultimately abandoned.

1848 – Birth of painter, William Michael Harnett in Clonakilty, Co Cork. Shortly after his birth his family emigrated to America, settling in Philadelphia. He practiced a troupe l’ceil (literally, “fool the eye”) style of realistic painting. His still lifes of ordinary objects, arranged on a ledge or hanging from a nail, are painted in such a way that the painting can be mistaken for the objects themselves.

1854 – A statutory provision is made for the establishment of a national gallery of paintings, sculpture and fine arts in Ireland.

1857 – Death of John Wilson Croker, Galway-born politician and writer.

1890 – Death of John Boyle O’Reilly. He was an Irish-born poet and novelist. As a youth in Ireland he was a member of the Irish Republican Brotherhood, for which crime he was transported to Western Australia. After escaping to the United States, he became a prominent spokesperson for Irish sentiment and culture, through his editorship of the Boston newspaper The Pilot, his prolific writing, and his lecture tours.

1886 – Death of Joseph Medlicott Scriven from Seapatrick, Co Down, who wrote the words for What A Friend We Have In Jesus.

1920 – Death of actor James O’Neill, in Kilkenny. Remembered for his portrayal of the Count of Monte Cristo, he was also the father of playwright Eugene O’Neill.

1922 – London IRA members Reginald Dunne and Joseph O’Sullivan, who killed H. H. Wilson on 22 June are hanged.

1922 – The Republicans abandon Cork city and burn the barracks they had been holding, including Charles Fort. The National Army takes the city unopposed.

1922 – General Prout’s Free State troops take Clonmel.

1928 – Peter Barry, Fine Gael politician, is born in Co Cork.

1971 – Birth in Co Cork of soccer star and manager, Roy Keane.

1975 – Death of Robert Barton. He was an Irish lawyer, soldier, statesman and farmer who participated in the negotiations leading up to the signature of the Anglo-Irish Treaty. His father was Charles William Barton and his mother was Agnes Childers. His wife was Rachel Warren of Boston, daughter of Fiske Warren. His first cousin and close friend was Robert Erskine Childers.

1984 – John Treacy wins a silver medal in the marathon at the LA Olympics.

1998 – Car clamping of illegally parked cars is introduced in Dublin.

1998 – After 26 years on the air, Gay Byrne confirms he will quit his RTÉ morning radio programme at Christmas and will give up the Late Late Show in June 1999.

1998 – After serving 21 years, William Moore, the last member of the terrifying Shankill Butchers Gang to remain behind bars is released, despite a Judge’s recommendation that he should never go free. He was given 14 life sentences for his role in the abduction and murder of 19 innocent Catholics.

1999 – Lakes featured in The Quiet Man are put on the market.

2000 – Ruth-Kelly Walsh from Bray, Co Wicklow wins the special prize for the ‘Most Creative Hat’ in the RDS Ladies Day Competition at the Kerrygold Horse Show.

Photo: Glendalough, Co Wicklow, Aerial Photography Ireland

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