Today in Irish History – 2 August:

1800 – The last session of the Irish parliament ends.

1820 – John Tyndall, physicist, and first to discover why the sky is blue, is born in Leighlinbridge, Co Carlow.

1916 – Letter from Roger Casement to Margaret Gavan Duffy.

1920 – The Restoration of Order in Ireland Bill was introduced and first read in the House of Commons. The Government used cloture to limit the debate.

1920 – A gun battle takes place between British soldiers and the IRA on the Ballyhaunis- Claremorris road in Co Mayo.

1922 – Naval Landing of Free State troops in Co Kerry. Paddy Daly and the Dublin Guard, as well as others, a total of about 800, land at Fenit. They fight their way to Tralee at a cost of 9 killed and 35 wounded. Two Republican fighters are killed in the fighting and more are wounded. The remainder retreat.

1922 – Republican forces under Liam Deasy attack Bruree, Co Limerick with three armoured cars, trying to re-take it from the Free State troops but their attack is beaten off.

1922 – Republicans abandon Tipperary town and retreat to Clonmel; it is then occupied by National Army troops under Paddy O’Connor.

1922 – Fighting around Carrick on Suir between 600 National Army troops under General Prout and 400 Republicans under Dan Breen.

1932 – Actor Peter O’Toole is born in Co Galway.

1970 – Rubber bullets were used for the first time.

1981 – Death of Kieran Doherty, TD for Monaghan-Cavan, on the 73rd day of his hunger strike in Long Kesh prison.

1988 – The first Aer Lingus flight with an all-female crew departs Dublin for Shannon. The Shorts 360 commuter aircraft is piloted by Capt. Grainne Cronin and co-piloted by Elaine Egan.

1998 – Renegade republicans tighten the screw on Northern Ireland’s fragile peace process with a fresh wave of incendiary attacks.

1999 – Ireland’s longest-serving rain observer, John Joe ‘Goggles’ Doyle retires; he has taken daily rainfall readings in his native Tulla since 1943 for Met Eireann and earned his nickname because of the goggles he wears when he takes his daily readings.

2000 – County Kerry, the country’s top tourism area, claims that business is down by about 20% because of the rail strike.

2001 – Torrential rain causes flash floods in Cork, Dublin, Tipperary and other areas of the country

Photo: Cloghane and Brandon, Mountain Range, Co Kerry

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