Today in Irish History – 10 July:

988 – The Norse King Glúniairn recognises Máel Sechnaill mac Domnaill, High King of Ireland, and agrees to pay taxes and accept Brehon Law; the event is considered to be the founding of the city of Dublin.

1614 – Arthur Annesley, 1st Earl of Anglesey, politician and author, is born in Dublin.

1794 – Birth of William Maginn, poet and author, in Co Cork.

1897 – Birth of Jack “Legs” Diamond, also known as Gentleman Jack, was a famous Irish-American gangster in Philadelphia and New York City during the Prohibition era. A bootlegger and close associate of gambler Arnold Rothstein, Diamond survived a number of attempts on his life between 1916 and 1931, causing him to be known as the “clay pigeon of the underworld.” In 1930, Diamond’s nemesis Dutch Schultz remarked to his own gang, “Ain’t there nobody that can shoot this guy so he don’t bounce back?”

1900 – Birth of Paul Carroll, playwright, in Blackrock, Co Louth.

1917 – Éamon de Valera wins the election to Parliament from Clare as a Sinn Féin candidate.

1921 – Belfast’s Bloody Sunday: 16 people are killed (11 Catholics and 5 Protestants) and 161 houses destroyed (150 were Catholic) during rioting and gun battles in Belfast. Four more civilians died in shootings over the next two days.

1921 – A gunfight took place at Castleisland, Co Kerry; five IRA volunteers and four British soldiers were killed and three British troops wounded in the action.

1921 – An Auxiliary is wounded in a gun battle with two members of the east Mayo brigade at Ballaghaderreen.

1927 – Kevin O’Higgins, the Free State Minister for Justice, is assassinated while on his way to Mass at the Church of the Assumption by three anti-Treaty members.

1949 – The last CIE tram service leaves Nelson’s Column, Dublin.

1956 – Birth of Frank Stapleton, international footballer, in Dublin.

1958 – Birth of actress and theatre director, Fiona Shaw, in Co Cork. Although to most international audiences she is probably most familiar for her minor role as Petunia Dursley in the Harry Potter films, she is an accomplished classical actress.

1987 – Only two men in history have won cycling’s Triple Crown: the Giro d’Italia, World Road Race Championship and Tour de France. One of them is Stephen Roche from Dublin, in 1987. He famously nearly killed himself on Stage 21, collapsing over the line and being bundled into an ambulance. A doctor gave him oxygen and asked if Roche was okay. He replied, ‘Oui, mais pas de femmes de soir.’ (Yes, but no women tonight.)

2000 – The north of Ireland shuts up shop ahead of Orange Order demonstrations.

2000 – The Irish government concedes for the first time that a referendum may have to take place in 2001 to get voter approval for a major revision to the European Union treaties.

2001 – A draft chapter from Irish writer James Joyce’s classic novel Ulysses is sold for nearly £900,000 at auction.

2015 – Death of Diarmuid Mac An Adhastair (born in Co Galway). He was best known for his role as Séamus Mhicil Tom on TG4 soap Ros na Rún.

Photo: Tollymore Forest Park, Co Down

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