Today in Irish History – 7 July:

1691 – Ginkel offers pardon and security of property to opponents.

1700 – MP for Co Sligo, Captain Hugh Morgan of Lord Dungannon’s Regiment, is summoned to appear before a board of general officers at the Curragh of Kildare to answer accusations of being ‘a rogue and rascal’ and several other complaints. (On 17 July, he is pardoned for failure to turn up).

1816 – Death of poet, playwright and politician, Richard Brinkley Sheridan. Born in Dublin, he was a long-term owner of the London Theatre Royal, Drury Lane. He is known for his plays such as The Rivals, The School for Scandal, The Duenna and A Trip to Scarborough. For thirty-two years he was also a Whig Member of the British House of Commons for Stafford (1780–1806), Westminster (1806–1807) and Ilchester (1807–1812). He is buried at Poets’ Corner in Westminster Abbey.

1823 – Francis Fowke, engineer and architect, designer of the Royal Albert Hall, London and the National Gallery in Dublin, is born near Belfast.

1823 – John Kells Ingram, professor, librarian and writer, is born in Temple Carne, Co Donegal.

1913 – Home Rule bill passes in House of Commons for the second time.

1922 – Death of Cathal Brugha from injuries received when shot by Free State forces on O’Connell Street on 5 July.

1922 – Free State troops move south from Dublin and break up the Anti-Treaty concentration at Blessington. They take 60 republican prisoners at Brittas and 13 more at Ballymore Eustace. Oscar Traynor and the main Anti-Treaty force from Dublin abandons Blessington. In exchanges of fire, one man on either side is killed and two Free State troops are wounded.

1922 – Pro-Treaty forces take Galway, with minimal resistance. One Anti-Treaty IRA captain, Donnellan is killed, five of his men are wounded and 12 captured before Free State troops secure the area. The remaining republican fighters set fire to a number of public buildings before fleeing the city. The National Army takes two killed and more wounded in the operation.

1930 – Death of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, born in Scotland of an Irish mother and a father of Irish descent. He is most noted for creating the fictional detective Sherlock Holmes and writing stories about him which are generally considered milestones in the field of crime fiction

1960 – Death of Father Francis Browne, a not very well-known but very interesting observer of life via the camera lens. His photographs of the Titanic which he took while on the short trip from Cherbourg to Cork are fascinating historical documents. During World War I, he served as Chaplain to the Irish Guards.

1962 – Birth of entrepreneur, Seán Gallagher in Co Cavan. He is a businessman and 2011 presidential candidate and founder of the company Smarthomes and has featured as a panelist on RTÉ’s Dragons’ Den. In 2009, he won Charity Lords of the Ring. He came second in the 2011 Irish presidential election in which he stood as an independent candidate.

1970 – Birth of Wayne ‘Pocket Rocket’ McCullough, bantamweight boxer; Olympic silver medalist 1992; world champion (WBC) 1995, in Belfast.

1986 – Death in Belfast of Francie McPeake II, uilleann piper and singer. Francis, whose father wrote Will Ye Go Lassie Go, was a crucial figure in preserving the great Ulster piping tradition.

2016 – Northern Ireland fans and Republic of Ireland fans received the Medal of the City of Paris on Thursday as a mark of gratitude for their “exemplary behavior” in the city during Euro 2016.

Photo: Connemara, Co Galway

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