St. John’s Eve / Bonfire Night / Oíche Fhéile Eoin. The evening of 23 June, St John’s Eve, is the eve of celebration before the Feast Day of St John the Baptist. This ancient custom has its roots in pre-Christian Irish society when the Celts honoured the Goddess Áine.
1704 – The Registration Act comes into force requiring all Catholic priests in Ireland to register in court, to furnish two £50 bonds for good behaviour, and not to leave the county in which they are registered.
1798 – United Irishmen Rebellion: Rebel southern column captures Goresbridge, Co Kilkenny and camps at Bunreagh; Rebel northern column moves into Wicklow Mountains and camps at Ballymanus.
1802 – Daniel O’Connell secretly marries his cousin, Mary O’Connell.
1825 – Annie French Hector, novelist who wrote under the pseudonym Mrs. Alexander, is born in Dublin. Highly successful novelist with 40 books including the Wooing of O’t (1873), and Blind Fate (1891); A Choice of Evils (1895), and Kitty Costello, semi-autobiographical (1902).
1838 – Sir James Gildea, philanthropist and co-founder of St. John Ambulance Association, is born in Kilmaine, Co Mayo.
1919 – RIC Detective D.I. Hunt was shot and killed by IRA volunteers Jim Stapleton and James Murphy in Thurles, County Tipperary.
1921 – Over 1000 British troops mounted a sweep of the Millstreet area of Co Cork.
1921 – An IRA column was encircled by British forces in Ballycastle, Co Mayo; one IRA man was killed and seven captured.
1922 – Cushendall Killings: Three Catholic civilians were shot dead by British troops and Special Constables in Cushendall, Co Antrim, apparently in revenge for the killing of Wilson in London the previous day. The details were not released by the British government until 1997.
1939 – Dáil Éireann introduces internment.
1945 – Sean O’Ceallaigh is inaugurated as President of Ireland.
1959 – Seán Lemass becomes Taoiseach and leader of Fianna Fáil.
1985 – An Air India Boeing 747 from Toronto crashes off the Irish coast, killing all 329 people aboard in the world’s worst commercial air disaster at sea.
1986 – Northern Ireland Assembly is dissolved. Police baton-charge 200 loyalist protesters outside Stormont.
1998 – President Mary McAleese meets President Bill Clinton for the first time in the Oval Office; he promises that the US will remain engaged in the North peace process.
1998 – Death of Maureen Paula O’Sullivan, actress, born in Boyle, Co Roscommon, the daughter of Roman Catholic parents Mary Lovatt (née Fraser) and Charles Joseph O’Sullivan, an officer in The Connaught Rangers who served in The Great War. Maureen O’Sullivan died in Scottsdale, Arizona, of complications from heart surgery on 23 June 1998. She was 87 years old. O’Sullivan is buried in the Most Holy Redeemer Cemetery in Niskayuna, New York, her widower’s hometown.
2005 – “Unplayed Piano” enters the Irish Singles Charts and spent twelve weeks there, breaking into the Top 10 and achieving a peak of fourth position. “Unplayed Piano” was released by Lisa Hannigan and Damien Rice to support the Free Aung San Suu Kyi 60th Birthday campaign which was running at the time. Aung San Suu Kyi is a Nobel Peace Prize winner who had been under house arrest in Burma for various periods from 2002 to 2010.
Photo: Benbulben, Co Sligo
#irish #history #Ireland