1704 – Penal law ‘to prevent the further growth of popery’ restricts landholding rights for Catholics; gavelkind is reimposed on Catholics (unless the eldest son converts to Protestantism, in which case he inherits the whole); a ‘sacramental test’ for public office is introduced, directed mainly at Ulster Presbyterians.
1771 – John Ponsonby resigns as Speaker of the Irish parliament for political reasons; Edmond Sexton Pery is elected to replace him.
1778 – Robert Emmet, one of Ireland’s most famous revolutionaries, is born in Dublin.
1804 – Castle Hill rebellion: The Castle Hill Rebellion of 1804 was a rebellion by convicts against colonial authority in the Castle Hill area of the British colony of New South Wales. The rebellion culminated in a battle at Rouse Hill, dubbed the Battle of Vinegar Hill after the Battle of Vinegar Hill of 1798, fought between convicts and the Colonial forces of Australia. It was the first and only major convict uprising in Australian history. On 4 March 1804, 233 convicts led by Phillip Cunningham (a veteran of the Irish Rebellion of 1798, as well as mutiny on the convict transport ship Anne) escaped from a farm intent on capturing ships to sail to Ireland. In response, martial law was quickly declared in New South Wales. The mostly Irish rebels, having gathered reinforcements, were hunted by the colonial forces until they were sequestered on 5 March 1804 on a hillock nicknamed Vinegar Hill. Under a flag of truce, Cunningham was arrested and troops charged and the rebellion was swiftly crushed by raid. Nine of the rebel leaders were executed and hundreds were punished before martial law was finally revoked on 12 March 1804. The Battle of Vinegar Hill: http://youtu.be/0xgni8pHY-g
1864 – Daniel Mannix, Archbishop of Melbourne and advocate of Irish independence, is born in Charleville, Co Cork.
1867 – Fenian national uprising begins in Ireland.
1888 – Grace Gifford Plunkett, Irish patriot, is born in Rathmines, Dublin.
1898 – Birth of Emmet Dalton (he also died on 4 March 1978). He was an Irish soldier and film producer. He served in the British Army in the First World War, reaching the rank of Major. However, on his return to Ireland he became one of the senior figures in the Dublin Brigade of the guerrilla Irish Republican Army which fought against British rule in Ireland. He was a close associate of Michael Collins. In the Irish Civil War he held one of the highest commands in the Pro-Treaty National Army but resigned his command before the war was over.
1902 – Ancient Order of Hibernians is revived at unity council.
1916 – First Irish Race Convention is held in New York City. Serves as immediate call for the Easter Rebellion in Dublin.
1921 – The South Leitrim Brigade of the IRA ambush a Black and Tan Convoy, at the Sheemore ambush, near Carrick on Shannon. Several casualties result, including the death of a Captain in the Bedfordshire Regiment. Black and Tans later ran amok in Carrick, burning and looting, and burned both the premises of the Leitrim Observer newspaper and the local rowing club to the ground.
1922 – IRA volunteers under Mick Mansfield seized the RIC Barracks in Dungarvan, Co Waterford.
1923 – Birth of Sir Patrick Moore, broadcaster, astronomer and curate at the Armagh Observatory.
1954 – Death of Terry ‘Machine Gun’ Duggan. He was an Irish-American mobster and leader of the Chicago based mob – the Valley Gang during prohibition. Druggan was well-known throughout the Chicago area as a tough street fighter. In 1919, Terry Druggan took over the Valley Gang. Druggan was a dwarf-like little man with a hair-trigger temper and a lisp. He owned a thoroughbred racing stable and raced his horses at Chicago’s tracks, the horses draped in his family’s Celtic crest and colours.
1972 – Abercorn Restaurant bombing: A bomb exploded in a crowded restaurant in Belfast, killing two civilians and wounding 130. Many were badly maimed.
1976 – The Northern Ireland Constitutional Convention (NICC) is formally dissolved resulting in direct rule of Northern Ireland from London via the British parliament.
1976 – The Maguire Seven: Guilty in Law, innocent in Fact.
1978 – Death of General James Emmet Dalton, aged 80 (he was also born on this date). Dalton led the bombardment of the Four Courts in what effectively is the start of the Civil War, and is with Michael Collins at Béal na mBlátha when they are ambushed and Collins is assassinated.
1978 – Death of John Joseph Meighan. He was an Irish Clann na Talmhan politician. A farmer by profession, Meighan was first elected to Dáil Éireann at the 1943 general election as a Clann na Talmhan Teachta Dála (TD) for the Roscommon constituency but lost his seat in the 1944 general election. He was elected to the 5th Seanad in the 1944 Seanad election on the Labour Panel. He was re-elected to the Seanad in 1948 and 1951. In 1954 he was nominated to the Seanad by the then Taoiseach John A. Costello. He was defeated in the 1957 Seanad election.
1979 – Birth of Neil Best in Belfast. He is a rugby footballer, who attended Wellington College Belfast and played his school rugby there until he left in 1997 after upper sixth. He plays for London Scottish and has previously played on the Irish national team. He plays as a flanker.
1981 – Bobby Sands recorded his diary for the first seventeen days of his hunger strike in which he detailed his thoughts and feelings on the momentous task that lay ahead of him. In order to secure his status as Irish political prisoner he was willing to fast til death, an event that would earn him a place in the annals of Irish history and in the hearts and minds of Irish republicans world wide. See Bobby Sands Trust for today’s recording: http://www.bobbysandstrust.com/writings/prison-diary
1986 – Death of Edward MacLysaght. He was one of the foremost genealogists of twentieth century Ireland. His numerous books on Irish surnames built upon the work of Patrick Woulfe’s Irish Names and Surnames (1923) and made him well-known to all those researching their family past.
1990 – Birth of Patrick ‘Paddy’ Madden in Dublin. He is a footballer who plays as a striker for Football League One club Scunthorpe United.
1993 – U2 ties with REM as ‘best band’ in a Rolling Stones magazine reader’s poll.
1994 – Death of George Edward Hughes. He was a philosopher and logician, born in Co Waterford, whose principal scholarly works were concerned with modal logic and medieval philosophy.
2001 – A car bomb explosion outside the BBC’s London headquarters on Wood Lane in west London is said to be part of an ongoing campaign of ‘‘murderous attacks’’ by the Real IRA.
2001 – 300 sheep are destroyed and eight Irish farms are cordoned off as a precaution against foot and mouth disease. Despite 69 confirmed cases in Britain and one in the North, there is still no case of the disease in the Republic.
2001 – The world’s largest car ferry arrives in Dublin Port. The £80 million Ulysses sailed from Finland following her construction for Irish Ferries. Once she has completed final sea trials the vessel will go into service on the Dublin-Holyhead route.
2001 – After being left to rot for the last 22 years, the boat made famous for smuggling arms to the Irish Volunteers in 1914, the Asgard, is released from Kilmainham Gaol and moved to the Docklands where restoration, estimated to cost over £1 million, will take place.
2001 – BBC bombing: A massive car bomb explodes in front of the BBC Television Centre in London, seriously injuring one person. The attack was attributed to the Real IRA.
2002 – Fears of chaos around the country’s schools prove to be unfounded as 2,500 non-teachers begin supervision and substitution duties in more than 600 schools.
2003 – The North’s assembly elections look set to be delayed for weeks following failure to reach an early agreement on a deal to restore the power-sharing government.
2008 – The Rev Ian Paisley signals the end of an era by announcing he will step down as leader of Northern Ireland’s power-sharing administration and the Democratic Unionist Party. The news represents a huge moment in the politics and recent history of Northern Ireland, removing from the scene as it does one of its most striking figures.
Photo: Conor Pass, Dingle, Co Kerry, Olivier Bernie Photography
#irish #history #Ireland