Today in Irish History – 22 November:

1773 – Lord John Beresford, Archbishop of Armagh and Primate of all Ireland, is born in Dublin.

1830 – Justin McCarthy, politician, novelist and historian, is born in Cork.

1869 – Jeremiah O’Donovan Rossa, Fenian, contests and wins a Tipperary by-election in abstentia, but is declared ineligible as a convicted felon.

1912 – Birth in Dublin of poet, dramatist and lawyer, Donagh MacDonagh, son of Thomas MacDonagh.

1919 – Birth of Máire Drumm in Newry, Co Down. She was the vice president of Sinn Féin and a commander in Cumann na mBan. She was killed by loyalists while recovering in Belfast’s Mater Hospital.

1923 – IRA prisoner, Andrew Sullivan, dies on hunger strike in Mountjoy Gaol in Dublin.

1963 – Death of C. S. Lewis (Clive Staples Lewis born in Belfast), known to his friends as Jack. He was an Irish academic, medievalist, literary critic, essayist, and Christian apologist. He is also known for his fiction, especially The Screwtape Letters, The Chronicles of Narnia and The Space Trilogy.

1963 – The first Roman Catholic president of the United States, John F. Kennedy, is assassinated in Dallas, Texas.

1974 – Hugh Callaghan, Patrick Hill, Robert Hunter, Noel McIlkenny, William Power and John Walker, known as “The Birmingham Six” are arrested and taken into custody in connection with the pub bombings the prior day.

1975 – Drummuckavall Ambush: Three British Army soldiers (James Duncan, Peter McDonald and Michael Sampson) were killed and one soldier was wounded when the PIRA attacked a watchtower in Drummuckavall, Crossmaglen, South Armagh.

1990 – Margaret Thatcher resigned as British Prime Minister.

1998 – Security forces in Northern Ireland brace themselves as fears grow over a new bomb-blitz alert, the first since the Omagh massacre.

1999 – The North’s politicians are given an ultimatum when the British Government warns it will pull the plug on the planned Stormont institutions if the IRA fails to decommission its arms.

1999 – A timetable for the transfer of power to an inclusive Northern Ireland executive is outlined to the House of Commons.

2000 – Blockades by taxi drivers brings the threat of serious confrontation with gardaí, mainline train services are paralysed by strike, and secondary schools are again closed.

2000 – Sinn Féin President Gerry Adams meets with Bertie Ahern on the forth coming Irish Budget.

2005 – Angela Merkel becomes the first female Chancellor of Germany.

2008 – YouTube hosts the largest ever live broadcast, YouTube Live.

Photo: Antrim Coastline

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