1601 – A Spanish army under Don Juan del Aguila, which had landed at Kinsale on 21 September, is besieged by Lord Mountjoy on this date.
1771 – Brigadier Juan Mackenna was a Chilean military officer and hero of the Chilean War of Independence. He is considered to have been the creator of the Corps of Military Engineers of the Chilean Army. He was born in Clogher, Co Tyrone.
1791 – Founding of the United Irishmen movement.
1831 – Birth of painter Nathaniel Hone in Dublin.
1837 – James Lawlor Kiernan, Union general in America’s Civil War, was born in Mount Bellew, Co Galway.
1862 – John J Nolan Sergeant, Company K, 8th New Hampshire Infantry is awarded the Medal of Honor for an action that took place at Georgia Landing, Louisiana. He entered service at: Nashua, New Hampshire Born: 24 June 1844, Ireland. The Citation reads: The President of the United States of America, in the name of Congress, takes pleasure in presenting the Medal of Honor to Sergeant John J. Nolan, United States Army, for extraordinary heroism on 27 October 1862, while serving with Company K, 8th New Hampshire Infantry, in action at Georgia Landing, Louisiana. Although prostrated by a cannon-shot, Sergeant Nolan refused to give up the flag which he was carrying as Color Bearer of his regiment and continued to carry it at the head of the regiment throughout the engagement.
1878 – Mayo Tenants Defence Association, the precursor to the Irish Land League holds its first meeting in Castlebar, Co Mayo, demanding The Land of Ireland for the people of Ireland.
1921 – Birth of George Forrest. He was a Unionist politician in Northern Ireland who served as MP for Mid Ulster from 1956 until his death.
1932 – Margaret “The Unsinkable Molly” Brown, daughter of Irish immigrants, dies in New York.
1940 – Birth of John S. Horgan, the Press Ombudsman in the Republic of Ireland. An author and former Labour Party politician who served from 1969 to 1981 as a senator and then as a Teachta Dála (TD), he was Professor of Journalism at Dublin City University before taking up the ombudsman post in 2007.
1943 – Comhdháil Náisiúnta na Gaeilge, the coordinating body for Irish-language organisations, is formed.
1944 – Birth of James “Jim” McCann. He was an Irish entertainer and folk musician. Although a solo artist for most of his career, McCann was a member of the Dubliners from 1974 until 1979, then later appearing with them in their 2002 reunion and their 50th anniversary tour in 2012.
1982 – Birth of Adam Carroll in Portadown, Co Armagh. He is an Irish professional racing driver. He currently races in the Blancpain Endurance Series for Gulf Racing. He has also raced for Team Ireland in A1 Grand Prix, winning the series in 2009. In 2010, Carroll made two appearances in the Izod IndyCar Series racing for Andretti Autosport just missing out on two full seasons due to a sponsor pulling out.
1997 – The country’s first women soldiers hold their passing out parade.
1998 – A price war rages over the video of Oscar-winning Titanic, which is set to become Ireland’s biggest selling video of all time.
1999 – A major opinion poll reveals that a majority of people in Northern Ireland would vote ‘yes’ in a new referendum on the Good Friday Agreement.
1999 – A line of tractors backs up for miles as a cavalcade of farmers make their way to the annual Great Maam Cross Fair, the last great fair of the millennium.
2000 – The new Manchester United Superstore is officially opened in Dublin.
2000 – The country’s 350,000 secondary school students are asked by the Department of Defence to propose a name for a new £20m naval patrol boat.
Image | Uragh Stone Circle, Gleninchaquin Park, Co Kerry | Captive Landscapes by Stephen Emerson
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