#OTD in Irish History – 1 July:

1681 – Despite witnesses against him being discredited, Oliver Plunkett is hanged, drawn and quartered in London.

1690 – Battle of the Boyne: the Jacobite forces (Irish, French, Germans and Walloons) are defeated by the Williamites (Irish, English, Dutch, Germans and Danes). The Williamite victory, being seen as a defeat for Louis XIV, is welcomed by Pope Alexander VIII.

1701 – A public holiday is proclaimed for the inauguration of a statue of William III at College Green, Dublin.

1762 – Birth of Edmund Ignatius Rice in Callan, Co Kilkenny, Irish founder of the Christian Brothers and Presentation Brothers.

1798 – United Irishmen Rebellion: Rebels remain in camp at Kilcavan.

1867 – Thomas Francis Meagher (“Meagher of the Sword”), Young Irelander leader, Irish nationalist and American politician, drowns.

1881 – The Royal Dublin Fusiliers is formally created by the amalgamation of two British Army regiments in India – the Royal Bombay Fusiliers and Royal Madras Fusiliers.

1888 – Renegade Irish Fenians from US invade Fort Erie, Ontario

1897 – Birth of Thomas (Tom) Barry, in Co Kerry, one of the most prominent guerrilla leaders in the Irish Republican Army during the Irish War of Independence.

1899 – Birth of singer Cavan O’Connor.

1916 – World War I: On the first day of the Battle of the Somme 20,000 soldiers of the British Army are killed and 40,000 wounded. The 36th (Ulster) Division suffers heavy casualties.

1921 – Seven man RIC patrol was ambushed by the IRA; the RIC had 4 casualties-2 RIC wounded and two RIC men were captured and later shot dead by IRA volunteers in Culleens, Co Sligo.

1922 – Free State troops take Republican outposts in the south of Dublin city and throw a cordon around their concentration on O’Connell street. Republican outposts at the Swan Hotel on Aungier street and at Harcourt Road and Adelaide Road are cleared by National Army troops equipped with armoured cars and artillery. About 400 Anti-Treaty prisoners are taken in the operation.

1922 – Anti-Treaty IRA in Co Sligo ambush National Army troops at Carrigarat.

1924 – The Irish Free State Aer Corps is established.

1937 – Rosaleen Linehan (born Rosaleen Philomena McMenamin on 1 June in Dublin). She is an Irish stage, screen and television actress. She has appeared in many comedy revues written by her husband Fergus. In film, she has appeared as Nurse Callan in Ulysses, May Dedalus in A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man (1977), Aunt Fitzeustace in Fools of Fortune, Mrs Canning in The Butcher Boy, Peggy Owens in About Adam, Mrs Matson in The Hi-Lo Country and Millie O’Dowd in The Matchmaker.

1937 – Constitution of Ireland (Bunreacht na hÉireann), enacted by plebiscite.

1942 – Death of Peadar Toner Mac Fhionnlaoich, known as Cú Uladh (The Hound of Ulster). He was an Irish language writer during the Gaelic Revival. He wrote stories based on Irish folklore, some of the first Irish language plays, and regularly wrote articles in most of the Irish language newspapers such as An Claidheamh Soluis.

1979 – The Boomtown Rats featuring Bob Geldof enter the British charts at no. 13 with I Don’t Like Mondays, and eventually reach #1.

1990 – The Republic of Ireland plays in the World Cup Finals for the first time. They are defeated 0-1 by Italy in the quarter-finals; an estimated half a million people take to the streets of Dublin to welcome the team home.

1998 – Northern Ireland’s new Assembly meets for the first time amid the growing crisis over the Drumcree Orange Order parade in Portadown. A new era in power-sharing between unionists and nationalists in Northern Ireland begins with David Trimble and Seamus Mallon elected First Minister and Deputy First Minister respectively to the new Assembly. Sinn Féin delegates abstain from the first-ever vote in the Assembly, while anti-Agreement unionists vote solidly against the two appointments.

2000 – More than 1,000 Westlife fans besiege Sligo City Hall when their heroes are awarded the freedom of the city.

2001 – Ireland’s national minimum wage increases from £4.40 an hour to £4.70 an hour.

2006 – Commemoration in Dublin of the 90th Anniversary of the Battle of the Somme.

2015 – Death of Singer, Val Doonican (born in Waterford). Doonican sang traditional pop and swing music, but he was well-known for his novelty songs, including “Paddy McGinty’s Goat,” “Delaney’s Donkey” and “O’Rafferty’s Motor Car.” He served as host of The Val Doonican Show from 1965 to 1986.

Image | Clare Island (Oileán Chliara) | Hibernia Landscapes by Stephen Wallace

#irishhistory #ireland #irelandinspires

 

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Stair na hÉireann is steeped in Ireland's turbulent history, culture, ancient secrets and thousands of places that link us to our past and the present. With insight to folklore, literature, art, and music, you’ll experience an irresistible tour through the remarkable Emerald Isle.