Today in Irish History – 3 May:

1714 – Sir Wentworth Harman, MP for Lanesborough, dies from the wounds he receives in a carriage accident on 28 April.

1785 – The Irish Academy, later to become the Royal Irish Academy, meets for the first time.

1903 – Bing Crosby, descendant of Irish immigrants, is born in Tacoma, Washington, as Harry Lillis Crosby.

1915 – Birth in Galway of novelist Walter Macken.

1916 – Pádraig Pearse, Thomas Clarke and Thomas MacDonagh executed by firing squad in Kilmainham Gaol.

1921 – The South Mayo IRA flying column under Tom Maguire together with members of the east Mayo flying column ambush British troops at Tourmakeady. Six British soldiers are killed. The IRA volunteers are then pursued across the Partry Mountains by over 600 members of the crown forces guided by airplanes. They were then surrounded but managed to escape despite Maguire being badly wounded-one volunteer was killed in this engagement. British causulties were not revealed but are believed to have been high. Four RIC constables are killed.

1922 – Pro and Anti-Treaty leaders announce a “truce” in the Dáil to try to prevent civil war.

1924 – The world premiere of Sean O’Casey’s Juno And The Paycock took place at the Abbey Theatre.

1927 – Ernest Ball (b 1878), composer of the music for When Irish Eyes are Smiling and Mother Machree dies.

1928 – Fianna Fáil petition with 96,000 signatures, calling for referendum to abolish the Oath of Allegiance rejected by Government which instead abolishes the plebiscite clause in the Constitution.

1933 – Dáil passes an act removing the Oath of Allegiance from the constitution.

1938 – Birth of Robert O’Driscoll, writer and professor of English.

1999 – RTÉ launches their 24-hour classical music station Lyric FM.

2007 – The UVF and RHC issued a statement declaring an end to its armed campaign. The statement noted that they would retain their weapons but put them “beyond reach”.

Photo: Mussenden Temple, Co Derry, Stephen Emerson Photography

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