1718 – Thomas St Lawrence, 13th Baron of Howth, receives £215 14s 1 1/2d for the expense he incurs in building a quay at Howth for landing coals for the lighthouse.
1745 – On this date, John Allen (3rd Viscount Allen), former MP for Carysfort, kills a dragoon in a street brawl. ‘His Lordship was at a house in Eustace Street. At twelve in the night, three dragoons making a noise in the street, he threw up the window and threatening them, adding as is not unusual with him a great deal of bad language. The dragoons returned it. He went out to them loaded with a pistol. At the first snapping of it, it did not fire. This irritated the dragoon who cut his fingers with his sword, upon which Lord Allen shot him.’ The wound occasions a fever which causes Lord Allen’s death on 25 May.
1756 – John Ponsonby is unanimously elected Speaker of the Irish parliament.
1784 – Death of Nano Nagle, ‘God’s Beggar’, founder of the Order of the Presentation Sisters of the Blessed Virgin Mary.
1808 – Benjamin Burton, son of William Burton (former MP for Gowran and Co Carlow) fractures his skull in a fall from his horse while hunting but, having apparently recovered, goes out again with the hounds and dies from ‘brain fever’.
1895 – The trial of Oscar Wilde for homosexuality, then a crime, begins at the Old Bailey.
1904 – Edward VII begins a visit to Ireland on this date.
1916 – Francis Sheehy-Skeffington, writer, suffragist, pacifist and patriot, is apprehended while trying to stop Easter Rising looting and is later executed by the British without a trial.
1916 – The Battle of Mount Street Bridge, Dublin.
1921 – Private of East Lancashire Regiment killed.
1922 – Provisional Government’s Northern Advisory Committee met and urged Collins to start IRA operations again by 2 May if Craig did not accede to his three demands. At this time, Collins was preparing for a major Northern offensive by IRA (without knowledge of his cabinet colleagues). Northern IRA staff paid for as part of pro-Treaty army and supplied with arms from anti-Treaty divisions after Collins negotiated this with Liam Lynch.
1922 – 22/28: Dunmanway Massacre – After the fatal shooting of a local IRA officer in a dispute over a car which the IRA wanted to commandeer, elements of the local IRA killed 13 local Protestant loyalists in revenge, in and around Dunmanway, County Cork.
1932 – Aengus Finucane, priest, and charity worker deeply involved with the organisation, Concern, is born in Limerick.
1986 – Death of Séamus Turlough McElwaine (also spelt Seamus McElwain), a volunteer in the South Fermanagh Brigade of the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) killed by the Special Air Service (SAS).
1998 – Catriona McKiernan becomes the first Irish woman to win the London Marathon.
1999 – Former Supreme Court Justice, Hugh O’Flaherty, confirms he will give a full and frank account of his role in the Philip Sheedy affair before the Oireachtas Committee on Justice, Equality and Women’s Rights.
2001 – Leading Sinn Féin members are among the 5,000 people who attend the funeral of former chief of staff of the Provisional IRA, Joe B. O’Hagan. Party president Gerry Adams gives the oration at the graveside when the leading republican figure is buried in Lurgan, Co Armagh.
2002 – More than a million postcards are delivered to Prime Minister Tony Blair and the Prince of Wales as part of an Irish bid to have the Sellafield nuclear installation closed down. People throughout Ireland posted the cards after weeks of campaigning, backed by celebrities such as soccer international Roy Keane and pop stars Ronan Keating and Samantha Mumba.
2003 – The Government says a deal securing the future of the North’s power-sharing executive is now close following the latest statement from Sinn Féin. Irish and British governments hail a speech by the Sinn Féin president, Gerry Adams, as a significant advance.
2003 – Police in North Belfast try to keep rival factions apart after rioting erupts in the Limestone Road area of the city.
Photo: Countess Markievicz, photo credit: 1916 Easter Revolution in Colour
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