#OTD in Irish History – 10 November:

1580 – After a three-day siege, the English Army beheads over 600 Papal soldiers and civilians at Dún an Óir, County Kerry.

1728 – Birth in Pallas, Co. Longford of Oliver Goldsmith, playwright, novelist and poet.

1783 – National Volunteer convention on parliamentary reform begins at the Rotunda in Dublin.

1795 – Edward King, Viscount Kingsborough, student and promoter of Mexican antiquities, is born in Cork.

1798 – Theobald Wolfe Tone tried and convicted of treason.

1813 – Thomas Lloyd, son of John Lloyd, former MP for King’s County and Innistiogue, is killed at the head of his regiment at the passage of Nivelle in south-west France.

1832 – Charles Russell, 1st Baron Russell of Killowen; lawyer and Lord Chief Justice of England, is born in Newry, Co. Down.

1841 – Death of Sister Catherine McAuley, founder of the order of the Sisters of Mercy.

1847 – The passenger ship Stephen Whitney is wrecked. The Stephen Whitney was a passenger carrying sailing ship which was wrecked on West Calf Island off the southern coast of Ireland on 10 November 1847 with the loss of 92 of the 110 passengers and crew aboard. The disaster results in the construction of the Fastnet Rock lighthouse. The 1034 ton ship left New York on 18 October for Liverpool carrying passengers and a cargo which included corn, raw cotton, cheese, resin, and 20 boxes of clocks. On 10 November in thick fog the captain, C.W. Popham, mistook the Crookhaven lighthouse for the one at the Old Head of Kinsale. At around 10 pm the ship struck the western tip of West Calf Island, completely breaking up within about ten minutes. Conditions in the area were distressing as it was the height of the Great Hunger. The loss of the ship triggered the decision to replace the Cape Clear Island lighthouse with one on Fastnet Rock.

1861 – In Dublin, thousands turn out to view the coffin of Terence Bellew MacManus, Young Irelander who died in poverty in San Francisco .

1879 – Padraig Pearse, Irish revolutionary and one of the leaders of the 1916 Easter Rebellion, is born.

1896 – Lady Mary Heath, née Sophie Catherine Pierce, pioneer aviator and athlete, is born in Newcastlewest, Co. Limerick.

1902 – Leon Ó Broin, writer and public servant, is born in Dublin.

1924 – Irish American mobster Dean O’Bannion gets killed. Mobster Dion (Dean) O’Banion was born to Irish Catholic parents in Maroa Illinois. For a short period, he was a major kingpin in Prohibition Chicago, controlling most of the bootlegging and gambling in the northside of Chicago.

1945 – Famous Irish TV and stage actor and co-founder of The Druid Theatre, Mick Lally is born. Lally is best known for his portrayal of Miley who never stopped saying “Well, Holy God!” in the long running RTE series Glenroe. This wonderful clip features Lally and another great actor Joe Lynch who plays his dad (at about 55 seconds): http://youtu.be/h3cwdKPWDrQ

1966 – Fianna Fáil’s Jack Lynch replaces Seán Lemass as Taoiseach.

2002 – Ireland and Sunderland soccer star Niall Quinn announces his retirement from club football.

Image | Rock of Dunamase, Co Laois | Stair na hÉireann/History of Ireland

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