1175 – Under the Treaty of Windsor, concluded on this date, Rory O’Connor recognizes Henry as his overlord and agrees to collect tribute for him from all parts of Ireland. Henry agrees that O’Connor can be king of the areas not conquered by the Normans. But O’Connor cannot control the territories of which he is nominally king, and Henry and his barons annex further land without consulting him.
1216 – The union of the diocese of Glendalough with that of Dublin, having been promulgated by Pope Innocent III last year, is confirmed by Pope Honorius III.
1649 – Owen Roe O’Neill dies.
1798 – Grattan removed from Irish Privy Council, falsely charged with being a sworn member of United Irishmen.
1891 – Death of Charles Stewart Parnell, champion of tenants rights and co-founder of the Land League; often called the “Uncrowned King of Ireland”.
1901 – Birth of C. S. ‘Todd’ Andrews, revolutionary and public servant, in Dublin.
1903 – Ernest Thomas Sinton Walton is born at Dungarvan, Co. Waterford. He and Sir John Douglas Cockcroft were awarded the 1951 Nobel Prize in Physics for their pioneer work on the transmutation of atomic nuclei by artificially accelerated atomic particles.
1922 – National Army officer Tony Lawlor shoots dead republican prisoner, Patrick Mulrennan during a riot in the prison in Athlone.
1922 – Anti-Treaty fighters in Tullycrine, County Clare ambush a National Army column. A number of Free State troops and one Anti-Treaty IRA man are killed in the firefight.
1922 – A number of gun and grenade attacks are carried out by Republican fighters in Dublin. Three people are wounded. In Limerick, Republicans raid the hospital and free six of their prisoners who were being treated there.
One Anti-Treaty fighter is killed in action at White’s Cross, Cork.
1928 – Death of Galway man Pádraic Ó Conaire, who was among the first writers to develop a new modern literature in the Irish language.
1928 – Maeve Kyle, athlete and hockey player, is born in Kilkenny.
1948 – Birth of Gerry Adams.
1970 – Opening of the arms trial involving Charles Haughey.
1980 – Mella Carroll, first female judge in the Republic, is appointed.
2000 – It is announced that John Monks, a pig farmer from Cloughran, north Dublin who died last year, left almost £8 million in his will; he accumulated the vast sum from selling land to developers.
2000 – The High Court grant gardaí the right to detain Slobodan Milosevic if he sets foot in Ireland.
2002 – Some of the highest tides in a century are set to swamp the Irish coastline this week, prompting flood contingency plans in a number of high-risk areas.
Image | Clady River overlooking Mt Errigal and Dunlewey, Co Donegal | Gareth Wray Photography
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