Today in Irish History – 22 July:

1606 – A commission is instituted to remedy defective land titles.

1817 – William Sadler makes the first balloon crossing of the Irish Sea, from Dublin to Anglesey.

1860 – Johanna Butler is born in the Rower, Co. Kilkenny. She entered the Religious of the Sacred Heart of Mary at the age of sixteen in Béziers, France. Popularly known as Mother Butler, Mother Joseph was the founder of Marymount School and College in Tarrytown, New York. On August 26, 1926, she was elected general superior of the order and remained in that position until her death on April 26, 1940.

1866 – Birth of D.J. O’Donoghue, writer, bookseller and librarian.

1873 – James Cousins, writer and teacher, is born in Belfast.

1902 – Death of Thomas William Croke D.D., the second Catholic Bishop of Auckland, New Zealand (1870-1874) and later Archbishop of Cashel and Emly, County Tipperary. He was important in the Irish nationalist movement and the main Gaelic Athletic Association stadium in Dublin is named Croke Park, in his honour.

1933 – The anti-Fianna Fáil Army Comrades Association, which developed into a fascist-inspired group nicknamed the “Blueshirts,” is outlawed.

1999 – Loyalist Volunteer Force rules out any further weapons handover.

2001 – Ranked 25th, Ireland falls below most of Europe in its healthcare.

2007 – Dubliner Padraig Harrington becomes the first Irish golfer to win the British Open in 60 years when he snatches victory from the jaws of defeat at Carnoustie in Scotland. He is the first European golfer to secure a major victory since Paul Laurie on the same course in 1999 and Ireland’s first since Fred Daly in 1947. President McAleese was the first to convey her congratulations to Harrington, while Labour sports spokesman Jack Wall said: “Padraig Harrington’s magnificent victory in the Open without doubt represents one of the greatest days in the history of Irish sport.”

Photo: River Shannon, Jamestown, County Roscommon

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