1865 – Alfred Harmsworth, 1st Viscount Northcliffe; statesman, journalist and newspaper magnate, is born in Chapelizod, Co. Dublin.
1871 – Birth of Gerald O’Donovan, priest and novelist, in Co Down.
1879 – Joseph Campbell, poet, is born in Belfast. He is famous for the English words he wrote to the song My Lagan Love.
1899 – Sean Lemass is born in Dublin. He was the second leader of Fianna Fáil and third Taoiseach of the Republic of Ireland from 1959 to 1966.
1907 – Seumas Murphy, sculptor and stone-carver, is born in Mallow, Co Cork.
1922 – National Army troops assault Republican-held Strand Barracks and King John’s Castle in Limerick, with armoured cars, grenades, machine gun and mortar fire, but fail to take them. Six Free State troops are killed and five wounded. One Republican is killed and five wounded.
1922 – A skirmish takes place in Kiltimagh, County Mayo. Anti-Treaty fighters attempt to kidnap T. Ruane, Chairman of the Swinford District Council, but a fire-fight breaks out in which Ruane, an Anti-Treaty officer and Free State officer are fatally wounded.
1922 – National Army troops surround and take Cappard House, County Laois where the local Anti-Treaty forces were billeted. Five Republicans are reported killed.
1922 – A Free State soldier is killed in an ambush at Gort, County Galway.
1922 – Free State troops, equipped with an 18 pounder gun, shell the republican camp at Lough Inch, County Donegal. They surrender after two days, with 30 taken prisoner.
1927 – Death of Constance, Countess Markiewicz, Irish politician, revolutionary nationalist and suffragette.
1930 – After De Valera abolishes the oath of allegiance and withholds land annuities from the British Government, retaliatory trade legislation begins the ‘economic war’.
1942 – Brendan ‘Paddy’ Finucane from Dublin – the RAF’s youngest ever Wing Commander at 21 years of age – is shot down and killed off the French coast.
1948 – An Taisce, the National Trust for Ireland, set up.
1987 – U2 plays its first-ever show in Madrid, Spain, attracting 115,000 people for one show, the largest crowd of the year.
1998 – The Irish Nurses Organisation warns that the shortage of qualified nurses has reached crisis levels.
1999 – It’s revealed that since 1998, all telephone, e-mail and fax messages between Ireland and Britain, and probably the United States, were tapped by the British Government.
1999 – The cream of Irish traditional and folk music turn out en masse for the inaugural Irish Music Magazine Awards in Dublin.
2001 – More than 340,000 provisional licence drivers miss out on the new Driver Theory Test because test centres would not be able to handle the flood of applications.
2002 – Tourism Minister John O’Donoghue, announces a new €3m marketing package for the industry.
Image | Dun Bristé, Downpatrick, Co Mayo | Hibernia Landscapes by Stephen Wallace
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