1681 – Despite witnesses against him being discredited, Oliver Plunkett is hanged, drawn and quartered in London.
1690 – Battle of the Boyne: the Jacobite forces (Irish, French, Germans and Walloons) are defeated by the Williamites (Irish, English, Dutch, Germans and Danes). The Williamite victory, being seen as a defeat for Louis XIV, is welcomed by Pope Alexander VIII.
1701 – A public holiday is proclaimed for the inauguration of a statue of William III at College Green, Dublin.
1798 – United Irishmen Rebellion: Rebels remain in camp at Kilcavan.
1867 – Thomas Francis Meagher (“Meagher of the Sword”), Young Irelander leader, Irish nationalist and American politician, drowns.
1881 – The Royal Dublin Fusiliers is formally created by the amalgamation of two British Army regiments in India – the Royal Bombay Fusiliers and Royal Madras Fusiliers.
1897 – Birth of Thomas (Tom) Barry, in Co Kerry, one of the most prominent guerrilla leaders in the Irish Republican Army during the Irish War of Independence.
1899 – Birth of singer Cavan O’Connor.
1916 – World War I: On the first day of the Battle of the Somme 20,000 soldiers of the British Army are killed and 40,000 wounded. The 36th (Ulster) Division suffers heavy casualties.
1921 – Seven man RIC patrol was ambushed by the IRA; the RIC had 4 casualties-2 RIC wounded and two RIC men were captured and later shot dead by IRA volunteers in Culleens, County Sligo.
1922 – Free State troops take Republican outposts in the south of Dublin city and throw a cordon around their concentration on O’Connell street. Republican outposts at the Swan Hotel on Aungier street and at Harcourt Road and Adelaide Road are cleared by National Army troops equipped with armoured cars and artillery. About 400 Anti-Treaty prisoners are taken in the operation.
1922 – Anti-Treaty IRA in County Sligo ambush National Army troops at Carrigarat.
1924 – The Irish Free State Aer Corps is established.
1937 – Constitution of Ireland (Bunreacht na hÉireann), enacted by plebiscite.
1942 – Death of Peadar Toner Mac Fhionnlaoich, known as Cú Uladh (The Hound of Ulster). He was an Irish language writer during the Gaelic Revival. He wrote stories based on Irish folklore, some of the first Irish language plays, and regularly wrote articles in most of the Irish language newspapers such as An Claidheamh Soluis.
1979 – The Boomtown Rats featuring Bob Geldof enter the British charts at no. 13 with I Don’t Like Mondays, and eventually reach #1.
1990 – The Republic of Ireland plays in the World Cup Finals for the first time. They are defeated 0-1 by Italy in the quarter-finals; an estimated half a million people take to the streets of Dublin to welcome the team home.
1998 – Northern Ireland’s new Assembly meets for the first time amid the growing crisis over the Drumcree Orange Order parade in Portadown. A new era in power-sharing between unionists and nationalists in Northern Ireland begins with David Trimble and Seamus Mallon elected First Minister and Deputy First Minister respectively to the new Assembly. Sinn Féin delegates abstain from the first-ever vote in the Assembly, while anti-Agreement unionists vote solidly against the two appointments.
2000 – More than 1,000 Westlife fans besiege Sligo City Hall when their heroes are awarded the freedom of the city.
2001 – Ireland’s national minimum wage increases from £4.40 an hour to £4.70 an hour.
2006 – Commemoration in Dublin of the 90th Anniversary of the Battle of the Somme.
Photo: Aerial view of Carrick-a-Rede, Ballintoy, Co Antrim