In the liturgical calendar, today is the Feast Day of Saint Peter and Paul.
1315 – Edward Bruce inaugurated as High King of Ireland.
1771 – Birth of Edward Newell, United Irishman and informer, in Downpatrick, Co. Down.
1820 – The Dublin Society becomes the Royal Dublin Society.
1820 – Robert Jocelyn, 2nd Earl Roden, former MP for Dundalk and a leader of the Orange Order, is alleged to have led an attack on Catholic homes in Dundalk. He is struck off the Commission of the Peace and ordered to be brought to trial, but flees to Edinburgh, where he dies suddenly on this date.
1848 – A gunfight takes place between Young Ireland Rebels and police at Widow McCormack’s house in Ballingarry, Tipperary.
1915 – Jeremiah O’Donovan Rossa, Fenian leader, dies in the United States.
1916 – Sir Roger Casement, Irish Nationalist and British diplomat is sentenced to death for his part in the Easter Rising.
1919 – Eamonn De Valera makes his first major presentation in the United States at Boston’s Fenway Park to a huge audience.
1920 – An IRA ambush in Ballina, north County Mayo left One RIC man killed and one wounded.
1920 – In response to Anglo-Irish anxiety concerning their role in a future Ireland, the Dáil Éireann issues a resolution endeavoring to stem land-grabbing and to shift focus to clearing out the foreign invader.
1922 – British give Collins two more 18 pounders to increase the bombardment of the Four Courts. Free State troops storm the eastern buildings of the complex, losing 3 dead and 14 wounded.
1922 – Oscar Traynor leads Anti-Treaty members of the IRA’s 1st Dublin Brigade to occupy O’Connell Street in order to help the Four Courts garrison. His men also take up positions in York Street, South Circular Road, Capel Street, Parnell Square and Dolphin’s Barn.
1922 – Skirmish in Listowel County Kerry, Free State troops surrender their arms to Republicans.
1922 – Free State troops surround republican fighters at Finner’s camp, Donegal. After a two hour gun battle, two anti-Treatyites are killed and 50 surrender. Elsewhere in Donegal another 200 republicans are taken prisoner
1924 – Joss Lynam, mountaineer, is born in London.
1944 – Seán Doherty, Fianna Fáil politician, is born in Co. Roscommon.
1985 – Máire Ni Scolai, Irish language singer, dies.
1969 – Ireland enacts exemption from income tax for creators of works of ‘cultural or artistic merit’.
1998 – Northern Ireland braces braced violent conflict after pirate Orangemen vow not to recognise a Parades Commission order banning them from marching along the nationalist Garvaghy Road in Portadown. The Parades Commission is a quasi-judicial non-departmental public body responsible for placing restrictions on or banning outright any parades in Northern Ireland it deems contentious or offensive.
1999 – The political parties in the North inch their way towards a deadlock-breaking peace deal to rescue the Good Friday Agreement based on Sinn Féin’s acceptance of a timetable for arms decommissioning.
2000 – The Western Health Board launches a campaign to reduce smoking in pubs.
Photo: Old Head of Kinsale, Co Cork, photo credit: Chris Moody