1318- Richard de Clare, while defending his protégé Mahon O’Brien, is defeated and killed by Murrough O’Brien at Dysert O’Dea. De Clare’s heir is a minor; Norman-Irish power in Thomond is thus undermined.
1603 – In the revolt of the towns, or recusancy revolt, Catholic worship is re-established in Kilkenny and the main Munster towns between 11 April and this date, in the hope that James I will grant religious toleration; Mountjoy marches south and forces the towns to submit.
1642 – A Catholic confederacy (‘the Confederation of Kilkenny’) is instituted to administer Catholic-controlled parts of the country pending a final settlement.
1739 – John Thomas Troy, Catholic Archbishop of Dublin and opponent of revolution, is born in Castleknock, Co. Dublin.
1804 – After resigning as Prime Minister following a disagreement with George III over Catholic Emancipation, William Pitt returns to office.
1832 – Birth of William Russell Grace in Co Laois, the first Roman Catholic mayor of New York and the founder of W. R. Grace and Company.
1838 – James Bryce, 1st Viscount Bryce of Dechmount; jurist, historian and Liberal politician, is born in Belfast.
1870 – Jem Mace defends his heavyweight crown against Irish champ Joe Coburn; it lasts 1 hr & 17 minutes; neither is struck by a punch.
1873 – Leslie Montgomery, comic writer; pseudonym Lynn C. Doyle, is born in Downpatrick, Co. Down.
1886 – Richard Mulcahy, pro-Treaty nationalist and Fine Gael politician, is born in Waterford.
1908 – Birth of Henry Diamond, Irish Nationalist MP.
1916 – Sailing in the lifeboat James Caird, Ernest Shackleton arrives at South Georgia after a journey of 800 nautical miles from Elephant Island.
1918 – Birth of singer, Margo (Golden Irish Favorites).
1920 – Birth of Basil Kelly Lord Justice of Appeals for Northern Ireland.
1921 – Two RIC constables Alexander Clarke and Charles Murdock disappeared near Clonmany, County Donegal. The body of Clarke was washed up on the shore the next day. Murdock was reportedly buried in a bog.
1925 – Birth of Danny Blanchflower; winner of 56 caps.
1939 – Birth of Padraig Flynn, former EU Commissioner.
1943 – A mine washes up on a beach in Co. Donegal and explodes; 19 men and boys, aged between 14 and 33, who lived in Ballymanus near Kincasslagh, are killed by the blast.
1950 – Charlie Nash, former European and British lightweight champion, is born in Derry.
1956 – Birth of Brendan Howlin, Labour TD and former Minister for the Environment.
1960 – Paul Hewson, better known as Bono, is born at the Rotunda Hospital in Dublin.
1972 – In a referendum in the Republic, 83 per cent favour accession to the European Economic Community.
1998 – Members of Sinn Féin vote to accept the Good Friday peace agreement, effectively acknowledging the north-south border.
2000 – Arts and Culture Minister, Sile de Valera, officially opens the fully restored 1817 fountain at the Iveagh Gardens in Dublin.
Photo: Curragh Military Graveyard, Co Kildare