#OTD in Irish History – 22 April:

1365 – Lionel returns to England, leaving Ormond as his deputy.

1671 – An English Navigation Act prohibits direct importation of sugar, tobacco and other produce from the colonies to Ireland; act expires in 1681 but is renewed in 1685 and extended in 1696.

1717 – John Marshall, a successful attorney and father of Robert Marshall, a future MP for Clonmel and an executor of Hester Vanhomrigh (Vanessa), commits suicide in Boate Street, Clonmel, Co. Tipperary.

1834 – Daniel O’Connell introduces debate on Repeal of Union bill in the House of Commons.

1875 – Newly elected MP, Charles Stuart Parnell enters House of Commons for first time as MP.

1875 – Birth of Michael Joseph O’Rahilly, (22 April 1875 – 29 April 1916) self-described as The O’Rahilly, an Irish nationalist who took part in the Easter Rising, during which he was killed in the fighting.

1905 – Capt. William O’Shea, politician and accuser of Parnell, dies in Hove.

1916 – The Easter Rising planned for 22 April (Easter Saturday) is postponed for two days. The capture of Roger Casement and the scuttling of the Aud which was transporting an estimated 20,000 rifles were some of the reasons for the delay.

1918 – A general strike takes place throughout Ireland against the British government’s attempts to introduce conscription.

1923 – Free State troops surround Frank Aiken, Paidrag Quinn and Sean Quinn, the leaders of the Anti-Treaty forces in the Dundalk area, in a safe house in Castlebellingham. A firefight breaks out in which the two Quinns are wounded, Sean mortally and subsequently captured. In the confusion, Aiken manages to slip away.

1945 – Birth of Alan Dukes Irish President (Fine Gael).

1967 – Actor and writer, Walter Macken dies at his home in the gaeltacht village of Menlo, Galway. A prolific author, he is best known for his novel Rain on the Wind and his trilogy about the famine – Seek the Fair Land, The Silent People and The Scorching Wind.

1999 – In Washington DC, the House International Relations Committee hears allegations of continuing abuses against citizens by security forces in Northern Ireland.

1999 – Sinéad O’Connor is ordained in Lourdes by the dissident bishop Michael Cox.

1999 – An historic meeting between David Trimble and the Pope takes place in Rome yesterday; careful stage-management ensures there are no public photographs of the two men close together. Mr Trimble is the first unionist leader to meet a Pope.

1999 – Sir Peter Ustinov receives his 14th honorary degree — doctor of laws – from the National University of Ireland.

2002 – Taoiseach Bertie Ahern sends a blunt pre-election warning to the Progressive Democrats that he is determined to have a national stadium and sports campus built if he is returned to power.

2003 – It is announced that gardaí are to be given video cameras to record drink-related offences at pubs, nightclubs and takeaways, as part of a new clampdown on public order offences. Special units in 25 Garda districts will be provided with hand-held cameras.

Image | Church ruins near Wicklow Gap, Co Wicklow | Fiachra Mangan Photography

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