#OTD in Irish History – 13 April:

1593 – Birth of Thomas Wentworth, Earl of Strafford/Viceroy of Ireland.

1722 – Charles Leslie, Irish controversialist, dies.

1728 – Samuel Molyneux, former MP for the University of Dublin and son of the writer William Molyneux, collapses in the British House of Commons and dies on this date, aged 38.

1780 – Alexander Mitchell, civil engineer and inventor, is born in Dublin.

1742 – Handel’s Messiah is performed for the first time, conducted by the composer, at Mr. Neale’s Great Musick Hall, Fishamble Street, Dublin, before an audience of 700.

1825 – Thomas D’Arcy McGee, Nationalist, writer, and Canadian politician is born in Carlingford, Co Louth.

1829 – The Catholic Emancipation Act receives royal assent on this date; it permits Catholic men who can afford the poll tax to enter Parliament and hold civil and military offices.

1906 – Birth of Samuel Beckett in Foxrock, Co. Dublin.

1920 – Liam Cosgrave, Fine Gael leader and Taoiseach, is born.

1921 – 13/15: Captain W L King, the commanding officer of F Company Auxiliary Division, RIC, was tried by court-martial for the murder of James Murphy on 9 February. James Murphy’s dying declaration was ruled inadmissible. Two Auxiliary officers provided alibis for Captain King at the time of the murder. King was acquitted.

1922 – In Belfast, IRA volunteers shot dead two RIC men. In New York, IRA volunteers from Cork shot and wounded a suspected informer.

1922 – Anti-Treaty IRA under Rory O’Connor took over the Four Courts building in Dublin.

1923 – Three republican fighters are surprised and captured in a dug out near Gortaglanna, Kerry. One is shot dead, the other two are taken prisoner.

1923 – A National Army scout is shot dead in Glenties, Donegal.

1926 – Birth of Peter Carrol, optical physicist.

1939 – Poet, Seamus Heaney, is born in Mossbawn, near Belfast.

1952 – Jockey, Jonjo O’Neill, is born in Castletownroche, Co. Cork.

1968 – Cliff Richard comes second in the Eurovision Song Contest with the Phil Coulter composition, Congratulations; It subsequently outsells the winner throughout Europe.

1992 – Celebrations to mark 250th anniversary of world premiere in Dublin of Händel’s Messiah.

1998 – RUC Chief Ronnie Flanagan warns that Northern Ireland could explode into renewed street violence during the Summer marching season.

1998 – One of Ireland’s leading three-day event riders, David Foster is fatally injured in a fall at a show near his Co. Meath home.

1998 – The Northern Ireland peace settlement clears another crucial hurdle last night when the first contentious day in the marching calendar draws to a close without incident. An Apprentice Boys’ parade in Belfast stops short of the Catholic Lower Ormeau Road, a flashpoint for serious violence in previous years.

1999 – Track star Sonia O’Sullivan receives an honorary Doctor of Philosophy, the first such conferring by the Dublin Institute of Technology.

2001 – A second foot-and-mouth outbreak in Northern Ireland is confirmed after secondary tests on samples from cattle on a large dairy farm, near the shores of Lough Neagh, prove positive.

2001 – In what has become an Easter tradition, Our Lady’s Choral Society choristers accompanied by soloist Emmanuel Lawlor and the National Sinfonia conducted by Prionnsias O’Duinn performs excerpts from Handel’s Messiah on the site of Neal’s Music Hall, Fishamble Street, where his famous musical work was first performed in 1742.

2001 – Well-known musician and music center/hostel owner, Larry O’Brien, dies in a fire which guts part of the Boghill Centre near Lisdoonvarna, Co. Clare.



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