Today in Irish History – 2nd April:

Feast Day of Saint Brónach (sometimes anglicised to Bronagh), a 6th-century holy woman from Ireland, the reputed founder and patron saint of Cell Brónche (“church of Brónach”), now Kilbroney, in County Down.

1807 – Birth of Sir Charles Edward Trevelyan, 1st Baronet, KCB, a British civil servant and Governor of Madras. Trevelyan is referred to in the modern Irish folk song The Fields of Athenry about ‘An Gorta Mor’. For his actions, he is commonly considered one of the most detested figures in Irish history, along with the likes of Cromwell.

1871 – A census on this date shows the population of Ireland to be 5,412,377; only 285 Jews are recorded in the census.

1902 – Premiere of Yeats’ Cathleen ni Houlihan starring Maud Gonne.

1914 – Cumann na mBan, Irish women’s Republican movement, is founded.

1921 – An IRA informer, Vincent Fovargue from Dublin, was shot dead at a golf course near London, England. A note was left saying, “let spies and traitors beware, IRA”.

1970 – Several days of rioting following Easter rising commemorations end on this date.

1972 – Radio na Gaeltachta goes on the air for the first time and is launched by Eamon De Valera.

1973 – Special Powers Act replaced by Northern Ireland (Emergency Provisions) Act.

1998 – Dissident republicans, aligned to the 32 County Sovereignty Committee and a Louth-based former IRA. Quartermaster are said to be behind a massive explosives find in Dun Laoghaire.

1998 – Mentally exhausted and following the advice of his doctor, Christy Moore announces in an open letter to fans that he is taking a year off from live performances.

1999 – More than 170 staff at the biggest Dunnes Stores branch in the west of Ireland are suspended in a row over a worker facing dismissal because she sampled food at the delicatessen counter.

2000 – Westlife make pop history with five consecutive British number one chart hits.

2002 – Linda and Declan Fleming win the second largest individual jackpot in Lotto history – £5.26 million.

2003 – Protestors against the war in Iraq clash with gardaí outside the Dáil.

2003 – Pat Leahy, star of Fair City for eleven years, dies of kidney failure.

2011 – Ronan Kerr, a 25-year-old Catholic PSNI officer, was killed after a bomb exploded under his car in Omagh, County Tyrone. The Real IRA claimed responsibility.

Photo: Carton House was one of Ireland’s greatest stately homes and one time ancestral seat of the Earls of Kildare and Dukes of Leinster. Located 14 miles west of Dublin, in Maynooth, Co Kildare.

Photo credit: Bryan Hanna Irish Landscape Photography

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Stair na hÉireann is steeped in Ireland's turbulent history, culture, ancient secrets and thousands of places that link us to our past and the present. With insight to folklore, literature, art, and music, you’ll experience an irresistible tour through the remarkable Emerald Isle.