Today in Irish History – 27th March:

Feast Day of St. Suairlech, Bishop of Fore, County of Westmeath.

1174 – Death of St. Gelasius of Armagh B (AC) (Also known as Giolla Iosa, Gioua-Mac-Liag) Son of the Irish poet Diarmaid, Saint Gelasius (meaning `servant of Jesus’) was the learned abbot of Derry for 16 years. He was consecrated bishop of Armagh c. 1138, when Saint Malachy resigned and served as primate of Ireland until 1174.

1599 – Robert Devereux becomes Lieutenant-General of Ireland.

1625 – Charles 1 becomes king of England, Scotland and Ireland.

1650 – Kilkenny surrenders to Cromwell.

1725 – The first number of Faulkner’s Dublin Journal is published.

1766 – First publication of The Vicar Of Wakefield by Oliver Goldsmith.

1782 – A Whig administration comes to power in Britain.

1839 – Birth in Glenavy, Co. Antrim, of John Ballance, Prime Minister of New Zealand.

1846 – In a letter to his mentor William Lloyd Garrison, Frederick Douglass writes about the poverty and famine he sees in Ireland.

1869 – Birth of James McNeill (brother of nationalist leader Eoin MacNeill) an Irish politician, who served as second Governor-General of the Irish Free State.

1872 – Mary MacSwiney – Maire Nic Shuibhne – Irish patriot, is born. Educated in the Ursuline Convent, she later trains as a teacher at Cambridge University.

1876 – The Molly Maguires: The murder trial of Edward Kelly, a member of the militant Irish labor group The Molly Maguires begins in Pennsylvania.

1869 – Typhoid Mary, the first healthy carrier of disease ever identified in the United States, is put in quarantine, where she would remain for the rest of her life. She died on 11 November 1938.

1923 – William Johnson of IFS Citizens’ Defence Force killed by IFS Lt. Frank Teeling; Teeling found guilty of manslaughter and serves 18 months.

1999 – A major rail disaster is averted by the quick reactions of a train driver, when a 40ft articulated lorry ploughs through a bridge and falls onto the railway tracks below — straight into the path of an on-coming train. The train driver manages to stop the train — carrying an undisclosed number of passengers — just 200 yards from the crashed truck.

2000 – The Bloody Sunday Inquiry began in Derry. It is the biggest public inquiry in British history.

2001 – Ulster Unionist Party leader David Trimble kicks off his election campaign outside his party headquarters in Belfast with a massive poster of himself

2001 – The cross border cull of thousands more sheep in the south Armagh north Louth areas, where Ireland’s only two cases of foot and mouth have occurred, gets underway.

2002 – A copy of the Cork Examiner, a golf club, flowers and national media awards are among gifts presented at the funeral of one of Ireland’s best known newsmen. More than 1,000 people pack the Church of the Immaculate Conception, The Lough, Cork, to pay their last respects to Fergie O’Callaghan, editor of the Cork Examiner for 18 years before his retirement in November 1994.

Photo: Blackrock Castle, Castle Rd, Blackrock, Co. Cork

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Stair na hÉireann is steeped in Ireland's turbulent history, culture, ancient secrets and thousands of places that link us to our past and the present. With insight to folklore, literature, art, and music, you’ll experience an irresistible tour through the remarkable Emerald Isle.