Today in Irish History – 14th March:

1705 – An English act permits direct export of Irish linen to American colonies.

1732 – Birth of Sackville Hamilton, politician and civil servant.

1738 – John Beresford, unionist politician, is born in Cork.

1822 – Richard Boyle, civil engineer, is born in Dublin.

1894 – William Earle “Moley” Molesworth, WWI Ace, is born.

1902 – The Irish Association of Women Graduates and Candidate-Graduates, an organization open to those interested in promoting women’s education, is launched.

1921 – British authorities hang six IRA volunteers for crimes of high treason and murder in Mountjoy Prison.

1921 – An Auxiliary patrol of two lorries and an armoured car, which was on its way to raid St. Andrews Club, 144 Brunswick St., Dublin was attacked on Brunswick Street (now Pearse street) near the corner of Erne St. In the gun battle that followed, three IRA volunteers and two policemen as well as two civilians, were killed. A number of IRA volunteers were captured and one of them, Thomas Traynor, was hung on 25 April.

1923 – Two Republicans are executed for their part in a bank robbery in Mullingar.

1923 – Two National Army soldiers are shot and killed in Dublin. One is seized when unarmed and off duty in Portobello and shot in the head. The other is killed in an exchange of fire when he tries to search two republican fighters near Mountjoy Prison.

1923 – Anti-Treaty IRA officer Charlie Daly and three other Republican fighters are executed by Free State troops at Drumboe Castle, near Stranorlar in County Donegal where they had been held since January. They are executed in reprisal for the death of a Free State soldier in a nearby ambush the day before.

1962 – Eibhín Bean Uí Choisdeaíbh, Irish language folk song collector, dies.

1973 – Liam Cosgrave is elected Taoiseach of Ireland.

1985 – Schoolchildren claim to have seen a ‘moving’ statue in Asdee, Co. Kerry. Other reports come from Ballinspittle, Co. Cork. The faithful claim a miraculous event. Sceptics say it is an optical illusion.

1984 – Gunmen shoot and wounded Sinn Féin president, Gerry Adams, in an attack in central Belfast. He is hit in the neck, shoulder and arm as several gunmen riddle his car with about 20 bullets. Three people travelling with Mr Adams are also wounded in the shooting No-one is seriously hurt and a fourth man escapes injury.

1991 – The Birmingham Six – Paddy Joe Hill, Hugh Callaghan, Richard McIlkenny, Gerry Hunter, Billy Power and Johnny Walker – are released from jail after their convictions for the murder of 21 people in two pubs are quashed by the Court of Appeal.

1998 – Former Defence and Marine Minister Hugh Coveney falls to his death from a headland near Roberts Cove, Co. Cork.

2002 – Roundwood House, Mountrath, Co. Laois is the only Irish establishment to make the list of the world’s top 50 restaurants published by Restaurant magazine. It places at 42.

Photo: Tollymore Forest Park, Shimna River, Co. Down
Photo credit: Peter McCabe

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