Today in Irish History – 19 January:

1739 – Birth of Arthur Wolfe, 1st Viscount Kilwarden and Lord Chief Justice in Forenaghts, Co. Kildare.

1787 – Birth in Cork of Mary Aikenhead, founder of the Irish Sisters of Charity and St. Vincent’s Hospital Dublin.

1788 – The second group of ships of the First Fleet arrives at Botany Bay. The First Fleet is the name given to the eleven ships which sailed from Great Britain on 13 May 1787 with about 1,487 people, including 778 convicts (192 women and 586 men), to establish the first European colony in Australia, in the region which Captain Cook had named New South Wales. The fleet was led by Captain (later Admiral) Arthur Phillip. The ships arrived at Botany Bay between 18 and 20 January 1788. HMS Supply arrived on 18 January; Alexan-der, Scarborough and Friendship arrived on 19 January, and the remaining ships on 20 January.

1793 – Hugh Cane, MP for Tallow, dies from a fall down stairs.

1920 – IRA attacks Drombrane barracks, Co. Tipperary.

1923 – Republican fighters derail the railway line on the bridge near Ardfert, County Kerry. The train crashes, killing its two drivers.

1949 – Dennis Taylor, snooker player and world champion in 1985, is born in Coalisland, Co. Tyrone.

1961 – Birth of Eoghan Corry (born in Dublin), an Irish Journalist and author celebrated as the most travelled man in Ireland averaging over 30 countries a year. Since 2002 he has edited Ireland’s biggest circulation travel publication, Travel Extra. A former sportswriter and sports editor he has written books on sports history, and founding story-editor of the Gaelic Athletic Association Museum at Croke Park, Dublin.

1963 – Playwright Teresa Deevy dies.

1964 – Birth of Richard Dunwoody, jockey, in Comber, Co. Down.

1968 – Death of Sir Alfred Chester Beatty, a mining magnate and millionaire, often called the “King of Copper”. U.S.-born, he was naturalised British in 1933, and made an honorary citizen of Ireland in 1957. A collector of Oriental art and books, he bequeathed the Chester Beatty Biblical Papyri to the British Museum and the Chester Beatty Library to Dublin.

1973 – Max Adrian (born in Enniskillen, County Fermanagh), was a Northern Irish stage, film and television actor and singer. He was a founding member of both the Royal Shakespeare Company and the National Theatre.

1983 – The Minister for Justice, Michael Noonan, reveals that the previous Fianna Fáil administration was involved in tapping the phones of Journalists Geraldine Kennedy and Bruce Arnold.

1985 – Death of Dublin-born actor Wilfrid Brambell, aka Old man Steptoe.

1988 – Dublin writer Christopher Nolan, who cannot move or speak because of an accident at birth, wins the Whitbread Book of the Year.

1998 – The Northern peace process are close to collapse after a 52-year-old Catholic taxi driver is killed in an attack which bears all the hallmarks of the UDA/UFF.

2003 – Disgraced celebrity chef Tim Allen moves to protect his multi-million euro family business, announcing he is ceasing all connection with the Ballymaloe Cookery School and hotel.

Photo: Gráinne Ní Mháille Monument at Westport House.

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