Today in Irish History – 18th January:

1667 – Cattle exports to England are prohibited.

1671 – Catholic gentry present petition to Charles II.

1779 – Cement Patent No. 1207 is issued to Sligo-man Bryan Higgins.

1788 – The first elements of the First Fleet carrying 736 convicts from England to Australia arrives at Botany Bay.

1811 – Charles Kean, actor, is born in Waterford.

1821 – Built by Henry Harris at a cost of £50,000, the Albany New Theatre opens in Hawkins Street, Dublin. It can accommodate up to 2,000 patrons. In August, George IV attends a performance and, as a consequence, a patent is granted. The name of the theatre is changed to the “Theatre Royal” to reflect its status as a patent theatre.

1831 – Daniel O’Connell is convicted of conspiracy.

1882 – On a successful speaking tour of America, the young Irish playwright, Oscar Wilde, newly famous at home and abroad, visits 62-year-old Walt Whitman.

1913 – The Irish Transport and General Workers’ Union strike ends.

1923 – Republican leader Liam Deasy is captured by Free State troops in the Galtee Mountains. He is not executed after he signs an order calling for men under his command to surrender.

1923 – Three National Army soldiers are killed in action (six have been killed in two days)

1928 – Birth of Daniel Bradley, physicist.

1930 – Breandán Ó hEithir, writer and broadcaster, is born in Cill Rónáin, Aran Islands.

1934 – Joseph Devlin, Irish nationalist dies.

1937 – Birth of John Hume, nationalist politician, in Derry.

1951 – Death of Amy Wilson Carmichael (born in Millisle, County Down) was a Protestant Christian missionary in India, who opened an orphanage and founded a mission in Dohnavur. She served in India for 55 years without furlough and wrote many books about the missionary work there.

1955 – Birth of Irish artist, Fergus Martin, in Cork.

1977 – Birth of Richard Wall (born in Ballybunion, County Kerry), an Irish film, television and theatre actor.

1978 – The European Court of Human Rights finds the United Kingdom government guilty of mistreating prisoners in Northern Ireland, but not guilty of torture.

1985 – Death of Wilfrid Brambell, an Irish film and television actor, born in Dublin, best known for his role in the British television series Steptoe and Son. He also starred alongside The Beatles in their film “A Hard Day’s Night”, playing Paul McCartney’s grandfather.

1997 – Death of Gerard Slevin, the Corkman who designed the EU flag.

1998 – The fourth revenge killing of a Catholic by LVF murder squads since ruthless warlord Billy Wright was gunned down, is committed in Maghera, Co. Derry.

2000 – The improvement in the hospitality scene in Ireland is proven by the addition of 54 hotels and 27 restaurants to the prestigious Michelin Guide.

2001 – The right of Travellers to pursue their traditional lifestyle on their own land was yesterday rejected by the European Court of Human Rights.

2002 – Taoiseach Bertie Ahern pays tribute to the former Fianna Fáil TD, Jim Tunney, who died yesterday. Mr Tunney, was a former minister of state and deputy in Dublin North-West for two decades. He also served a term as Lord Mayor of Dublin and was co-chairman of the British-Irish inter-parliamentary body. A stylish dresser, he always wore a flower in his lapel and was called the Yellow Rose of Finglas by friends and colleagues. He was 78.

2002 – Political history is made today as the Fianna Fáil-Progressive Democrats coalition becomes the longest-serving government in the State. After taking office on June 26, 1997, Taoiseach Bertie Ahern’s minority government is serving its 1,666th day in office.

2008 – After well over half a century, the Rev Dr Ian Paisley steps down as Moderator of the Free Presbyterian Church He is succeeded by the Rev Ron Johnston.

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