1844 – Daniel O’Connell is convicted of conspiracy.

As head of the Catholic Association, Daniel O’Connell received a large annual income from voluntary contributions by the Irish people (the Catholic Rent of 1d a month) who supported him in a series of demonstrations in favour of Irish Home Rule. He was forced by Feargus O’Connor and other extremist Irish MPs to introduce the idea of Home Rule into parliament prematurely. In 1840 O’Connell founded the Repeal Association which was not nearly so successful as the Catholic Association until “Young Ireland” began to publish The Nation. After the ‘Monster MeetingScreen Shot 2014-01-16 at 6.46.02 PM‘ demonstration at Clontarf in 1843, O’Connell was arrested and early in 1844 was convicted of seditious conspiracy. The conviction was subsequently reversed by the House of Lords on 4 September 1844 and O’Connell resumed his career. Among other things, he opposed Peel’s establishment of the “godless colleges” in Belfast, Dublin, and Cork

Photo: The crypt of Daniel O’Connell, Glasnevin Cemetery

Photography by Andy Sheridan

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