1751 – Cornelius Bolton, politician, Volunteer and improving landlord is born.
1814 – Aubrey Thomas De Vere, a poet who adapted early Gaelic tales, is born.
1850 – Death of William Reid Clanny, born in Bangor, County Down; he moved to Sunderland and practiced as a physician for 45 years. In 1813 he invented the Clanny safety lamp for miners.
1873 – Birth of Galway-native, John Joseph “Jack” O’Neill, catcher in Major League Baseball who played for the St. Louis Cardinals (1902-03), Chicago Cubs (1904-05) and Boston Beaneaters (1906). He batted and threw right-handed.
1887 – Death of Mitchelstown, Co. Cork born shipbuilder John Roach.
1900 – Birth of Irish painter, Harry Aaron Kernoff.
1910 Marriage of Sinéad Flanagan and Éamon de Valera.
1922 – Arthur Griffith is elected second president of the Irish Free State by Dáil Éireann.
1923 – Two Anti-Treaty IRA officers are killed in a skirmish with Free State troops near Spelsherstown, County Wexford (Captain Bernard Radford and Lieutenant Con McCarthy).
1941 – Death of Belfast-born, Sir John Lavery, Irish painter best known for his portraits.
1952 – An Aer Lingus aeroplane, the St Kevin, crashes in Wales with the loss of 23 lives. It is the airline’s second fatal crash.
1960 – Birth of former Taoiseach (prime minister) of Ireland, Brian Cowen in Clara, County Offaly.
1969 – Civil rights leaders in Northern Ireland defying police orders and refuse to abandon their planned march through Newry in Co. Down.
1984 – Death of Belfast-born, senior Irish politician, Seán MacEntee.
2000 – The Lodge and Spa at Inchydoney Island, Clonakilty, County Cork, is the AA Hotel of the Year.
2002 – A new chapter in Irish literary history is written with the publication of The Last Tango in Ibiza, which was penned by first-time authors who include a nun and several grannies.
2003 – Farmers drive 300 tractors into the city and hold a two-hour rally in front of Government Buildings at Merrion Square.
2003 – Feared loyalist paramilitary chief Johnny Mad Dog Adair is arrested and sent back to jail. Adair will not be released from prison until January 2005.
2012 – Journalist Mary Raftery passes away after a short illness. She was 54. Well known for her work on the ‘States of Fear’ documentary series that revealed the extent of physical and sexual abuse suffered by children in the Irish childcare system, she also produced and directed the ‘Prime Time Investigates: Cardinal Secrets’ programme which led to the establishment of the Murphy Commission of Investigation into child sex abuse in the Dublin Archdiocese. Colm O’Gorman of Amnesty International Ireland said Ms Raftery’s work transformed Ireland. Without the work that Mary did as a journalist (on the abuse of children), I don’t think much of this would have surfaced.”
Photo: Strongbow at Christ Church Cathedral, Dublin – Photographer: Martin J. Murphy